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研究生:徐鈺祥
研究生(外文):Yu-Siang Syu
論文名稱:蔬菜培養箱自動栽種系統之研製
論文名稱(外文):The Research of the Development of an Incubator for Automatic Vegetable Cultivating System
指導教授:黃錫泉黃錫泉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsi-Chuan Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:建國科技大學
系所名稱:自動化工程系暨機電光系統研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:培養箱光質日照週期營養液濃度
外文關鍵詞:Automatic Vegetable Cultivating IncubatorAbsorbance of the lightingDay lengthNutritive liquid density
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 下載下載:34
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
目前在國內市面上研發之栽種系統有許多皆已商業化,而且是以大規模栽種為目的,須配置專業的設備與人員進行栽種,以成本上之考量並不適用於無耕種經驗之使用者,因此本論文設計出一套適合無耕種經驗之使用者使用之蔬菜培養箱自動栽種系統。
本研究系統設計共分為培養箱建置、電路設計及系統設計三部分並進行系統整合,同時於實驗中針對適合半結球萵苣之光質、日照週期與營養液濃度進行環境條件測試實驗,並將測得之較佳的環境數據納入系統中。
經實驗證實自製燈具(MI702)、日照週期18小時與營養液濃度0.3 %較適合使用於系統中,本系統亦可將平均溫度穩定控制於23 ~ 25℃之間、平均濕度則可控制在50 %以上,本論文完成蔬菜培養箱自動栽種系統建置,並經實驗選擇出較適合半結球萵苣生長條件之數據統整至系統中,未來可藉由本系統針對蟲草與香菇…等較高單價之作物進行栽種,進而建立出作物之較適環境並進行栽種。

At present, the majority of the vegetable planting system developed in the domestic market has been commercialized already. But most of them have been developed especially for the purpose of large scale planting system normally. Moreover, there are lots of special equipments should have been bought and many people should join in this planting system consequently. Apparently, it is not worthy for a user who has no experience of planting at all to do that kind of work if we consider of the term of cost. Therefore, this research tries to design an incubator for Automatic Vegetable Cultivating System which is suitable and can be used by a person who has no any other experience of vegetable planting affairs.
This research is divided into 3 parts which are having the establishment of the incubator, the system framework &; electric circuit design, and system design included. And they have been integrated to be systematized together as well. At the same time, we have proceeded to do the experiment of environmental conditions test in this research, such as the absorbance of the lighting which is suitable for Lactuca sativa Linn, day length, and the nutritive liquid density, etc. Moreover, the data of the better environmental condition, which have been gotten from this experiment, are used in this project system eventually.
This experiment attests that the terms of the self-made lighting fixture (MI702), 18 hours of day length, and 0.3% of the nutritive liquid density are most suitable for using in this project system. The average temperature can be controlled approximately at 23~25℃. And the average humidity can be controlled not less than 50% consequently. This research has accomplished the establishment of the development of an incubator for Automatic Vegetable Cultivating System. And the terms of the better planting situations have been chosen for the future use for developing the cultivation technologies of the other highunit price plants such as Chinese caterpillar fungus, mushroom, etc. moreover, a better panting condition has been developed and can be used for future plant cultivation in the long run.

摘要 1
Abstract II
目錄 V
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2-1 微控制技術應用 3
2-2 感測器元件 4
2-3 圖控軟體 7
2-4 植物成長因子 8
2-4-1 光質 8
2-4-2 光量與光週期 9
2-4-3 土壤中之營養元素 11
2-4-4 水分與溫度 13
2-5 人工光源種類與性質 14
2-6 降溫機制之應用 16
第三章 培養箱系統設計與建置 18
3-1 培養箱建置 20
3-2 系統架構與電路設計 23
3-2-1 系統架構規劃 23
3-2-2 硬體電路建製 24
3-2-2-1輸出控制、溫濕度擷取、二氧化碳感測電路 24
3-2-2-2光耦和隔離與繼電器模組電路 26
3-3 系統設計 29
3-3-1 系統流程規劃 29
3-3-2 單晶片程式與嵌入式系統程式設計 32
3-4 實驗材料與設備 33
3-4-1 培養箱內部硬體 33
3-4-2 培養箱嵌入式與感測器元件 38
3-4-3 實驗設備 40
第四章 研究方法 45
4-1 實驗量測 45
4-1-1 溫濕度與二氧化碳濃度量測 45
4-1-2 光量子與光照度量測 46
4-1-3 營養液濃度配比 46
4-2 實驗設計與步驟 47
4-2-1 系統測試實驗 47
4-2-2 栽種實驗 47
4-2-2-1光源實驗 50
4-2-2-2日照週期與營養液濃度實驗 51
4-2-2-3硝酸鹽殘留濃度檢測實驗 52
第五章 結果與討論 53
5-1 系統測試結果 53
5-1-1 嵌入式系統建置結果 53
5-1-2 系統效能測試結果 54
5-2 栽種實驗結果 56
5-2-1 光源實驗之結果比較 56
5-2-2 日照週期與營養液濃度之結果比較 59
5-2-3 硝酸鹽殘留濃度檢測結果 71
5-2-4 栽種實驗結果討論 72
第六章 結論與建議 74
6-1 結論 74
6-2 建議 75
參考文獻 76
附錄A 79
附錄B 80
附錄C 82
附錄D 84
附錄E 86

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