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研究生:梁家綺
研究生(外文):Chia-chi Liang
論文名稱:大學生自我效能、壓力因應與生命凝聚感的關係
論文名稱(外文):The relationship among self-efficacy, coping of stress, and sense of coherence of college students
指導教授:譚偉象譚偉象引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tam W.-C.C
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:自我效能生命凝聚感壓力因應方式
外文關鍵詞:self-efficacycoping of stresssense of coherence
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中文摘要
研究背景與目的 本研究欲以健康的大學生探討有關生命凝聚感的議題,從自我效能為基礎,探討大學生自我效能、壓力因應和生命凝聚感的關係。本研究認為個體對壓力因應的方式在其間扮演了一個部份中介的角色,對自我效能不僅會影響對於生命凝聚感的高低,同時也會影響個體對於壓力因應的方式,而此壓力因應的方式會直接影響個體對於生命凝聚感的高低。本研究欲探討的焦點問題如下:自我效能的高低,是否會透過個體對於壓力因應的中介作用,影響個體對生命凝聚感的適應能力。
研究方法 本研究對象為正在就讀四技或大學的學生,根據方便取樣方式決定參與之受試者,共計690名參與者。研究變項為性別、年齡、年級、學習成就、社會支持、憂鬱傾向、自我效能、問題解決導向的壓力因應方式、情緒導向的壓力因應方式以及生命凝聚感等變項,研究工具為自陳式問卷的形式,共包含六個部份,分別為:基本資料表、一般自我效能量表、壓力因應量表、生命凝聚感量表、社會支持量表及憂鬱傾向量表。
研究結果 本研究主要發現自我效能對生命凝聚感有預測力,個體對於生命凝聚感的高低,主要是仰賴個體如何看待自我效能而定;自我效能者和問題解決導向的壓力因應方式有正相關;自我效能和情緒導向的壓力因應方式有負相關;問題解決導向的壓力因應方式和生命凝聚感有正相關。在自我效能、壓力因應方式與生命凝聚感三個概念中,問題解決導向的壓力因應方式是自我效能與生命凝聚感的部分中介變項,但情緒導向的壓力因應方式不是自我效能與生命凝聚感的部份中介變項。
Abstract
Research background &; aims: This study intends to discuss the issues of healthy college students exploring sense of coherence and to investigate the relationship among self-efficacy, coping of stress, and sense of coherence. This study thinks that individual’s coping of stress act partially as a role of mediation. Self-efficacy not only influences the sense of coherence but also influence the way of coping of stress; therefore, coping of stress would influence the sense of coherence directly. In this study, we aim to find that whether coping of stress might mediate the relationship between the self-efficacy and the sense of coherence.
Methods: 690 college students participated in the research, and subjects decided to participate in the accidental sampling. The major variables in this study are gender, age, grade, academic achievement, social support, depressive tendencies, self-efficacy, problem-solving orientation of the coping of stress, emotional orientation of the coping of stress, and sense of coherence. The research used the survey method and the questionnaire consisted of the self-efficacy scale, the coping of stress scale, the sense of coherence scale (SOC-13), the multidimensional scale of support scale (MSPSS), and the CES-D scale.
Results: This study found that self-efficacy can predict sense of coherence and sense of coherence depend mainly on how individual deal with his self-efficacy; self-efficacy has positive correlation with problem-solving orientation of the coping of stress, self-efficacy has negative correlation with emotional orientation of the coping of stress, and sense of coherence has positive correlation with problem-solving orientation of the coping of stress. In the relationship among self-efficacy, coping of stress, and sense of coherence of college students, problem-solving orientation of the coping of stress is the partial mediation of self-efficacy and sense of coherence, and emotional orientation of the coping of stress is not the partial mediation of self-efficacy and sense of coherence.
目錄
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 III
圖目錄 III
表目錄 III
第一章 緒論 3
第一節 研究動機 3
第二節 自我效能的內涵與測量 3
壹、自我效能的概念 3
貳、自我效能的測量 3
參、自我效能的相關研究 3
第三節 生命凝聚感的內涵與測量 3
壹、生命凝聚感的概念 3
貳、生命凝聚感的測量 3
參、生命凝聚感的相關研究 3
第四節 壓力因應的內涵與測量 3
壹、壓力因應的概念 3
貳、壓力因應的測量 3
參、壓力因應的相關研究 3
第五節 自我效能,壓力因應與生命凝聚感的關係 3
壹、自我效能與生命凝聚感的關係 3
貳、自我效能與壓力因應的關係 3
参、壓力因應與生命凝聚感的關係 3
肆、自我效能、壓力因應與生命凝聚感的關係 3
第六節 研究目的與問題 3
壹、研究目的 3
貳、研究問題及假設 3
第二章 研究方法 3
第一節 研究對象 3
第二節 研究工具 3
壹、個人基本資料表 3
貳、壓力因應量表 3
參、一般自我效能量表 3
肆、社會支持量表 3
伍、流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表 3
陸、生命凝聚感量表 3
第三節 研究程序 3
第四節 資料分析 3
壹、描述性統計分析 3
貳、T檢定 3
參、相關分析 3
肆、階層迴歸分析 3
第三章 研究結果 3
第一節 描述性統計分析與T檢定 3
壹、樣本組成 3
貳、研究變項 3
參、T檢定 3
第二節 相關分析結果 3
壹、相關分析之結果 3
貳、偏相關分析之結果 3
第三節 階層迴歸分析結果 3
壹、階層迴歸分析之結果 3
貳、加入控制變項之階層迴歸分析結果 3
第四章 綜合討論 3
第一節 主要研究結果 3
壹、自我效能、壓力因應與生命凝聚感之相關 3
貳、壓力因應方式的中介效果 3
參、加入社會支持控制變項的偏相關與中介效果 3
肆、結論 3
第二節 研究限制與討論 3
第三節 未來研究方向 3
參考文獻 3
中文文獻 3
英文文獻 3
附錄一 一般自我效能量表(英)使用同意書 3
附錄二 一般自我效能量表(中)使用同意書 3
附錄三 壓力因應量表(中)使用同意書 3
附錄四 生命凝聚感量表(中)使用同意書 3
附錄五 CES-D量表中文版使用同意書 3
附錄六 社會支持量表(英)使用同意書 3
附錄七 社會支持量表(中)使用同意書 3
附錄八 學校的人口資料表 3
圖目錄
圖1-7-1 研究架構 3
表目錄
表3-1-1 研究參與者之人口背景資料 3
表3-1-2 主要探討變項之描述性統計 3
表3-1-3 性別在生命凝聚感得分的差異 3
表3-2-1 相關分析表 3
表3-2-2 偏相關分析表 3
表3-3-1 迴歸分析之結果 3
表3-3-2 控制社會支持變項之迴歸分析結果 3
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