跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.220.44.148) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/18 13:02
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:范芯瑋
研究生(外文):Shin-Wei Fan
論文名稱:卡通人物包裝食物對幼兒食物喜好之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Cartoon Characters Food Package on Children''s Taste Preferences
指導教授:嚴金恩嚴金恩引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-En Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:幼兒保育系碩士班
學門:社會服務學門
學類:兒童保育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:食物包裝飲食行為幼兒卡通人物
外文關鍵詞:cartoon charactersyoung childrenfood packagingeating behavior
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:929
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:46
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
研究背景:研究發現幼兒對食物喜好的程度會因食物包裝而有所不同,幼兒對有卡通人物圖樣包裝食物的喜好程度顯著高於沒有卡通人物圖樣包裝的食物;也有研究指出食物包裝或外型不會影響幼兒的食物喜好。因此,本研究目的為探討卡通人物對幼兒食物喜好之影響,進而討論卡通人物包裝是否能提升幼兒對食物的喜好。
研究方法:以台中市公私立幼兒園三至六歲幼兒為對象,共90名幼兒,分別使用卡通人物圖樣食物包裝與透明袋食物包裝來包裝胡蘿蔔、全麥燕麥餅乾、油炸薯片,在幼兒品嚐袋內食物後,回答對食物喜好的程度,並選擇較為傾向喜好的食物包裝。
研究結果:研究結果顯示幼兒對卡通人物包裝之胡蘿蔔、全麥燕麥餅乾的喜好程度顯著高於透明袋包裝之胡蘿蔔、全麥燕麥餅乾,然而,油炸薯片以卡通人物包裝或透明袋包裝喜好程度並無顯著差異。大部分幼兒認為有卡通人物包裝的食物較透明袋包裝食物好吃,幼兒對卡通人物包裝食物的喜好顯著高於透明包裝食物。幼兒對卡通人物包裝之胡蘿蔔喜好程度與原來對胡蘿蔔喜好程度顯著正相關,即卡通人物包裝胡蘿蔔能提升幼兒對胡蘿蔔的喜好程度。
結論:80%以上的幼兒覺得卡通人物圖樣包裝的食物比透明袋包裝的食物更為好吃,對卡通人物食物包裝的食物有較高的喜好程度,幼兒對卡通人物包裝食物的喜好顯著高於透明袋包裝食物,顯示卡通人物包裝胡蘿蔔有助於提升幼兒對胡蘿蔔的喜好程度,透過卡通人物包裝可能協助幼兒養成攝取健康食物的習慣。
Background:Research found that young children have different preferences with different food packaging. They like the food cartoon packaging more than the food packaging without cartoon pictures on. Research has also pointed out that the food packaging or appearance does not affect children''s food preferences. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate cartoon characters on children''s food preferences influence, cartoon characters and then discuss whether the packaging can enhance children''s food preferences.
Methods:According to the public and private kindergartens in Taichung, their ages are from three to six. There are ninety children in total. Respectively cartoon character pattern transparent bags of food packaging and food packaging to wrap carrots, whole wheat oat biscuits, fried potato chips. After they tasted the food with cartoon character pattern bags, the young children answered the extent of food preferences and selected more inclined to liking food packaging.
Results:The results showed that use of cartoon characters drawing-packaged food and whole wheat oatmeal cookies will affect children''s food preferences and choices, especially for the more significant transparent bag packing carrots, whole wheat oatmeal cookies preferences. However, fried potato chips with cartoon characters or transparent bag packing, there isn’t too different with children’s preference. The most of children think that have cartoon character pattern packaged food is more delicious than transparent bag packing food and children like the packaging carrot cartoon character with the original preference for carrots significant positive correlation. The packaging carrot cartoon characters can enhance children''s preference for the carrot.
Conclusions:80% of the children felt cartoon character pattern packaged food is more delicious than transparent bag packing food. The results showed cartoon characters packaged foods help improve children''s preference for healthy food and it also can help children develop the habit of eating a healthy food.
第一章緒論1
第一節研究背景與動機1
第二節研究目的5
第三節名詞釋義6
第二章文獻探討7
第一節幼兒飲食行為形成的原因7
第二節角色典範對幼兒飲食行為的影響11
第三節卡通人物包裝對飲食行為的影響14
第四節飲食喜好與身體健康之關係21
第三章研究方法25
第一節研究對象25
第二節研究工具27
第三節研究步驟與流程33
第四節統計分析37
第四章研究結果38
第一節研究樣本背景資料38
第二節幼兒觀看電視及辨認卡通人物現況43
第三節幼兒對卡通人物食物包裝與透明袋食物包裝的食物喜好45
第四節食物包裝對幼兒食物喜好之影響50
第五節卡通人物食物包裝對幼兒原有的食物喜好之關係54
第五章討論56
第六章結論64
參考文獻65
中文部份65
英文部份68
附目錄80
附錄一80
附錄二84
附錄三85


表目錄
表4-1-1 受測幼兒基本背景資料39
表4-1-2 幼兒對胡蘿蔔、全麥燕麥餅乾、油炸薯片的食物喜好41
表4-2-1 幼兒觀看電視及辨認卡通人物現況43
表4-4-1 食物包裝對幼兒的食物喜好之影51
表4-4-2 檢驗卡通人物包裝與透明袋包裝的食物喜好之差異52
表4-5-1 幼兒原有食物喜好與卡通人物食物包裝的相關性54


圖目錄
圖3-2-1 愛探險的朵拉(Dora the Explorer)30
圖3-2-2 喜羊羊(Pleasant goat)30
圖3-2-3 海綿寶寶(Sponge Bob)30
圖3-2-4 卡通人物食物包裝31
圖3-2-5 透明袋食物包裝31
圖3-3-1 研究架構圖32
圖3-3-2 研究實施流程圖35
圖4-3-1 幼兒對胡蘿蔔透明袋包裝與卡通人物包裝的喜好程度46
圖4-3-2 幼兒對全麥燕麥餅乾透明袋包裝與卡通人物包裝的喜好程度.47
圖4-3-3 幼兒對油炸薯片透明袋包裝與卡通人物包裝的喜好程度48
中文部份
中華民國消費者文教基金會。卡通Out,營養In:重建兒童食品之健康宣導,消費者報導,339,47-51。
中華民國消費者文教基金會(2007年4月3日)。兒童節調查「垃圾食品」電視廣告。取自http://www.consumers.org.tw/unit412.aspx?id=840
行政院衛生署(2000)。食品衛生法規彙編。臺北,臺灣。
行政院衛生署(2009)。 2005-2008年的國民營養健康狀況變遷調查。取自http://nahsit.survey.sinica.edu.tw/public_frontpage
江椿彬(2007年1月3日)。兒童營養評估。新竹馬偕電子報,44。取自http://enews.hc.mmh.org.tw/enews/20070103.html#001
巫雯雯、李寧遠(1987)。營養教育和飲食行為。中等教育,38,35-42。
吳宗立、伍至亮(2002)。國小高年級學生電視收視行為與偶像崇拜之研究。國教學報,14,11-25。
吳知賢(1998)。兒童與電視。臺北市:桂冠。
林佳蓉、陳瑤惠(2001)。二到五歲托兒中心幼兒一日飲食進食行為探討。醫護科技學刊,26,203-212。
林薇(1998)。幼兒飲食行為形成及影響因素。家政教育學報,1,42-58。
洪久賢(1984)。營養教育自幼兒做起。家政教育,9,43-46。
洪琪涵(2006)。全球化下的多元文化:談日本卡通人物的行銷。育成學報,2,108-116。
馬同江、張志明、陳曾三(1993)。兒童的營養與食譜。臺北:國際村文庫。
郭家華(2005)。電視廣告與幼兒消費行為之相關探究。幼兒保育論壇,1,263-279。
教育部(2011)。幼兒教育及照顧法。取自http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=H0070031
許惠玉(1999)。兒童營養列車:如何讓孩子吃出健康來。臺北市:師大書苑。
張巧玲(2005)。卡通之父~華特‧迪士尼傳奇。臺北市:智富館。
黃葳威(2001)。台灣幼教頻道收視行為及幼教產品未來發展趨勢分析。林紀慧,台灣有線視訊寬頻網路發展協進會專案研究計畫。政治大學。
董氏基金會(2012年5月28日)。飲食,是健康的基礎。取自http://nutri.jtf.org.tw/index.php?idd=1&aid=45&bid=343&cid=2007
管婺媛、馮景青(2013年5月31日)。垃圾食物 禁促銷、贈品。取自http://news.chinatimes.com/focus/501013560 /112013053100068.html
澄豐經緯國際媒體研究小組(2002)。4至14歲兒童媒體偏好。廣告雜誌,137,44-47。
英文部份
Abu Farsakh, N. A. (2002). Risk factors for duodenal ulcer disease. Saudi Medical Journal, 23, 168-172.
Anand, S., & Krosnick, J. A. (2005). Demographic predictors of media use among infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. American Behavioral Scientist, 48, 539-561.
Baker, C. W., Whisman, M. A., & Brownell, K. D. (2000) Studying inter Victoria, Ulla & Donaldal transmission of eating attitudes and behaviors: methodological and conceptual questions. Health Psychology, 19, 376-381.
Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Baydar, N., Kagitcibasi, C., Kuntay, A. C., & Goksen, F. (2008). Effects of an educational television program on preschoolers: Variability in benefits. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29, 349-360.
Benton, D. (2004). Role of parents in the determination of the food preferences of children and the development of obesity. International Journal of Obesity, 28, 858-869.
Birch, L. L., & Fisher, J. O. (1998). Development of eating behaviors among children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 101, 539-549.
Botterill, J., & Kline, S. (2006). Flow, branding and media saturation: towards a critical analysis of promotional marketing in children’s television. Paper Presented at Child and Teen Consumption, April, 27-28.
Boyer, L. E., Laurentz, S., McCabe, G. P., & Kranz, S. (2012): Shape of snack foods does not predict snack intake in a sample of preschoolers:a cross-over study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical, 9, 94-96.
Branen, L., Fletcher, J., & Hilbert, L. (2002). Snack consumption and waste by preschool children served “cute” versus regular snacks. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 34, 279-282.
Brownell, K. D., & Horgen, K. B. (2004). Food Fight: The Inside Story of the Food Industry, America’s Obesity Crisis, and What We Can Do About It. New York: McGraw-Hill/ Contemporary Books.
Brown, J. D., & Witherspoon, E. M. (2002). The mass media and American adolescents'' health. The Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 153-170.
Bryant, J., & Zillmann, D. (1994). Media Effects: Advances in Theory and Research. Lawrence Erlbaum, 61-90.
Byrd-Bredbenner, C., & Grasso, D. (2000). What is television trying to make children swallow?: content analysis of the nutrition information in prime-time advertisements. Journal of Nutrition Education, 32, 187-195.
Campbell, K., & Crawford, D. (2001). Family food environments as determinants of preschool-aged children’s eating behavior: Implications for obesity prevention policy. Australian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 58, 19-25.
Canadian Institute for Health Information. (2006). Improving the Health of Canadians: Promoting Healthy Weights. Canadian Ottawa: Population Health Initiative of the Canadian Institute for Health Information.
Cawley, J., & Liu, F. J. (2007). Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity: a Search for Mechanisms in Time Use Data. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, 13600, http://www.nber.org/papers/w13600.
Certain, L. K., & Kahn, R. S. (2002). Prevalence, correlates, and trajectory of television viewing among infants and toddlers. Pediatrics, 109, 634-642.
Chamberlain, L. J., Wang, Y., & Robinson, T. N. (2006). Does children’s screen time predict requests for advertised products? Cross-sectional and prospective analyses. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160, 363-368.
Chapman, K., Nicholas, P., Banovic, D., & Supramaniam, R. (2006). The extent and nature of food promotion directed to children in Australian supermarkets. Health Promotion International, 21, 331-339.
Chatoor, I., Surles, J., Ganiban, J., Beker, L., McWade Paez, L., & Kerzner, B. (2004). Failure to thrive and cognitive development in toddlers with Infantile Anorexia. pediatrics, 113, 440-447.
Christina, A. R., Jenny, B., Jennifer, L. H., & Kelly, D. B. (2010). Should we use popular brands to promote healthy eating among children? Public Health Nutrition, 26, 2064-2067.
Costanzoc, P. R., & Woody, E. Z. (1984). Parental perceptions on obesityin children. Journal of social & clinical psychology, 2, 305-313.
Committee on Communications (2006). Children, Adolescents, and Advertising. Pediatrics, 118(6), 2563-2569.
Consumers International. (1996). A Spoonful of Sugar: Television food advertising aimed at children, an international comparative survey. London: Consumers International Programme for Developed Economics.
Coon, K. A., & Tucker, K. L. (2002). Television and children''s consumption patterns. A review of the literature. Minerva Pediatr, 54, 423-436.
Costa, S. M., Horta, P. M., & Santos, L. C. (2012). Food advertising and television exposure: influence on eating behavior and nutritional status of children and adolescents. Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion, 62, 53-59.
Crawford, D., & Jeffery, R. (2005). Obesity Prevention and Public Health. Oxford University Press: New York.
Crockett, S. J., & Sims, L. S. (1995). Environmental influences on children’s eating. Journal of Nutrition Education, 27, 235-249.
Davis, S. M. (2000). Brand asset management: Driving profitable growth through your brands. San Francisco: JohnWiley & Sons.
Desor, J. A., Maller, O., & Green, L. S. (1977). Preference for sweet and salty in 9- to 15-year-old and adult umans. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Search database, 190, 686-687.
Donna, M. M., & Helena, C. K. (2007).Effects of Fast Food Branding on Young Children’s Taste Preferences. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161, 792-797.
Elliott, C. (2008). Assessing: ''fun foods'' nutritional content and analysis of supermarket foods targeted at children. International Association for the Study of Obesity, 9, 368-377.
Ellison, S., & Adamy, J. P. (2005). Faults food packaging for kid obesity. Wall Street Journal, December 7, 81-82.
Federal Trade Commission. (2008). Marketing Food to Children and Adolescents: A Review of Industry Expenditures, Activities and Selfregulation. Washington, DC: Federal Trade Commission.
French, S. A., Story, M., Neumark, S. D., Fulkerson, J. A., & Hannan, P. (2001) Fast food restaurant use among adolescents: associations with nutrient intake, food choices and behavioral and psychosocial variables. Nternational Journal of Obesity, 25, 1823-1833.
Gahagan, S. (2012). The Development of Eating Behavior - Biology and Context. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 33, 261-271.
Gantz, W., Schwartz, N., Angelini, J. R., & Rideout, V. (2007) Food for thought: television food advertising to children in the United States. Kaiser Family Foundation Report, 5, 1-4.
Garretson, J. A., & Burton, S. (2005). The role of spokescharacters as advertisement and package cues in integrated marketing communications. Journal of Marketing, 69, 118-132.
Garretson, J. A., & Niedrich, R. W. (2004). Spokes-Characters: Creating character trust and positive brand attitudes. Journal of advertising, 33, 25-36.
Gunnarsdottir, I., & Thorsdottir, I. (2010). Should we use popular brands to promote healthy eating among children? Public Health Nutrition, 13, 2064-2067.
Harris, J. L., Schwartz, M. B., & Brownell, K. D. (2010). Marketing foods to children and adolescents: licensed characters and other promotions on packaged foods in the supermarket. Public Health Nutrition, 13, 409-417.
Harrison, K., & Marske, A. L. (2005). Nutritional content of foods advertised during the television programs children watch most. The American Journal of Public Health, 95, 1568-1574.
Harper, L., & Sanders, K. (1975). The effect of adults'' eating on young childrens'' acceptance of unfamiliar foods. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 20, 200-214.
Hebden, L., King, L., & Kelly, B. (2011). The art of persuasion: an analysis of techniques used to market foods to children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 47, 776-782.
Hill, M. (2005, July 19). Hey, Popeye! It’s SpongeBob spinach. Retrieved from www.signon sandiego.com/uniontrib/20050719/news_1c19spongbob.html.
Hite, C. F., & Hite, R. E. (1995). Reliance on brand by young children. Journal of the Market Research Society, 37, 185-193.
Horgan, K. B., Choate, M., & Brownell, K. D. (2001). Television food advertising. In Handbook of Children and Media. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Institute of Medicine. (2006). Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Threat or Opportunity. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 30, 107-138.
Jordan, A., Kramer, G. E., & Strasburger, V. (2008). Do the media cause obesity and eating disorders? Adolescent medicine: state of the art reviews, 19, 431-449.
Kelly, B., Bochynska, K., Kornman, K., & Chapman, K. (2008). Internet food marketing on popular children’s websites and food product websites in Australia. Public Health Nutrition, 11, 1180-1187.
Kelly, B., & Chapman, K. (2007). The extent and nature of food marketing in children’s magazines. Health Promotion International, 22, 284-291.
Kelly, B., Cretikos, M., Rogers, K., & King, L. (2008). The commercial food landscape: outdoor food advertising around primary schools in Australia. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 32, 522-528.
Kelly, B., Halford, J., & Boyland, E. (2010). Television food advertising to children: a global perspective. The American Journal of Public Health,
100, 1730.
Kirkorian, H. L., Wartella, E. & Anderson, D. R. (2008). Media and young children''s learning. Future of Children, 18, 63-86.
Krebs, N. F., Himes, J. H., Jacobson, D., Guilday, P., & Styne, D. (2007). Assessment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity. Pediatrics, 120, 193-228.
Levin, A. M., & Levin, I. P. (2010). Packaging of healthy and unhealthy food products for children and parents: the relative influence of licensed characters and brand names. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 9, 393-402.
Linebarger, D. L., & Piotrowski, J. T. (2009). TV as storyteller: How exposure to television narratives impacts at-risk preschoolers'' story knowledge and narrative skills. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27, 47-69.
Matheson, D. M. (2004). Children’s Food Consumption During Television Viewing”. American Clinical Nutrition Jonural, 79, 1088-1094.
Martine, M. A., Gual, P., Lahortiga, F., Alonso, Y., Irala, E. J., & Cervera, S. (2003). Parental factors, mass media influences, and the onset of eating disorders in a prospective population-based cohort. Pediatrics, 111, 315-320.
McGinnis, J. M., Gootman, J., & Kraak, V. (2006). Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Threat or Opportunity. Washington: National Academies Press.
Mehta, K., Coveney, J., Ward, P., Magarey, A., Spurrier, N., & Udell, T. (2010). Australian children’s views about food advertising on elevision. Appetite, 55, 49-55.
Metros, S. E. (2008). The educator''s role in preparing visually literate learners. Theory into Practice, 47, 102.
Mizerski, R. (1995). The relationship between cartoon trade character recognition and attitude toward product category in young children. Journal of Marketing, 59, 58-70.
National Preventative Health Taskforce. (2009). The Strategy was prepared on behalf of the National Preventative Health Taskforce for the Minister for Health and Ageing, the Hon Nicola Roxon. the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing.
Neeley, S. M., & Schumann, D. W. (2004). Using Animated spokes-characters in advertising to young children. Journal of Advertising, 33, 7-23.
Nestle, M. (2006). Food marketing and childhood obesity: a matter of policy. The New England Journal of Medicine, 354, 2527-2529.
Nicklas, T. A., Baranowski, T., Cullen, K. W., & Berenson, G. (2002). Eating Patterns, Dietary Quality and Obesity. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 20, 599-608.
Patrick, H., & Nicklas, T. A. (2005). A Review of Family and Social Determinants of Children’s Eating Patterns and Diet Quality. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, 24, 83-92.
Perez-Rodrigo, C., Ribas, L., Serra-Majem, L., & Aranceta, J. (2003). Food preferences of Spanish children and young people: the enKid study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57, 45-48.
Perry, C. L., Story, M., & Lytle, L. A. (2010). Promoting healthy dietary behaviors. Healthy Children, Enhancing Children''s Wellness, 8, 26-191.
Pliner, P. (2008). Cognitive schemas: how can we use them to improve children’s acceptance of diverse and unfamiliar foods? British Journal of Nutrition, 99, 2-6.
Pornpitakpan, C. (2003). The effect of celebrity endorsers’ perceived credibility on product purchase intention: the case of singaporeans. Journal of International Consumer Marketing, 16, 55-74.
Radice, C. (2007). Kid-friendly messengers: the licensed characters that children love oftendo a better job than parents of persuading them to eat their fruits and vegetables. Grocery Head, 73, 63-66.
Rideout, V. J., & Hamel, E. (2006). The Media Family: Electronic Media in the Lives of Infants, Toddlers, Preschoolers, and Their Parents. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation, 21-24.
Roberto, C. A., Baik, J., Harris, J. L., & Brownell, K. D. (2010) Influence of licensed characters on children’s taste and snack preferences. Pediatrics, 126, 88-93.
Robinson, T. N., Borzekowski, D., Matheson, D. M., & Kraemer, H. C. (2007). Effects of fast food branding on young children’s taste preferences. Arch Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161, 792-797.
Roberts, S. B., Savage, J., Coward, W. A., Chew, B., & Lucas, A. (1998). Energy Expenditure and Intake in Infants Born to Lean and Overweight Mothers. The New England Journal of Medicine, 318, 461-466.
Saarilehto, S., Keskinen, S., Lapinleimu, H, Helenius, H., & Simell, O. (2001). Connections between parental eating attitudes and children''s meagre eating: questionnaire findings. Acta Paediatr, 90, 333-338.
Santrock, J. W. (2003). Adolescence. New York: The Mcgrae-Hill Companies, inc, 287-289.
Scaglioni, S., Arrizza, C., Vecchi, F., & Tedeschi, S. (2011). Determinants of children’s eating behavior. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94, 2006-2011.
Schmidt, M. E., & Vandewater, E. A. (2008). Media and attention, cognition, and school achievement. Future of Children, 18, 63-85.
Schlosser, E. (2002). Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. Harper Perennial: Reprint edition.
Smith, A., Roux, S., Naidoo, N., & Venter, D. (2005). Food choices of tactile defensive children. Nutrition, 21, 14-19.
Story, M., Holt, K., & Sofka, D. (2002). Bright Futures in Practice: Nutrition. Arlington, VA: National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health.
Strasburger, V. C., Wilson, B. J., & Jordan, A. B. (2009). Children, Adolescents, and the Media. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Tibbs, T., Haire-Joshu, D., Schechtman, K. B., Brownson, R. C., Nanney, M. S., & Houston, C. (2001). The relationship between parental modeling, eating patterns, and dietary intake among African-American parents. American Dietetic Association, 101, 535-541.
Underwood, N., Wolff, D., Howse, J., Brosnahan, M., & Burke, D. (1990). The children’s struggle. Maclean’s, 103, 63-64.
Variyam, J. M., Blaylock, J. B., Lin, B. H., Ralston, K., & Smallwood, D. (1999). Mothers nutrition knowledge and children''s dietary intakes. American Agricultural Economics Aaaociation, 81, 373-384.
Victoria, J. R., Ulla, G. F., & Donald, F. R. (2010). M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds. Generation, A Kaiser Family Foundation Study.
Wansink, B., Just, D. R., & Payne, C. R. (2012). Can Branding Improve School Lunches? Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166, 967-968.
Wardle, J., Guthrie, C. A., Sanderson, S., Birch, L. L., & Plomin, R. (2011). Food and activity preferences in children of lean and obese parents. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders, 25, 971-977.
Wiecha, J. L. (2006). When Children Eat What They WatchImpact of Television Viewing on Dietary Intake in Youth. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160, 436-442.
Wilcox, B., Kunkel, D., Cantor, J., Dorwick, P., Linn, S., & Palmer, E. (2004). Report of the APA Task Force on Advertising and Children. American Psychological Association, Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/releases/childrenads.pdf. Accessed July 29, 2004.
Wohlwend, K. E. (2009). Damsels in Discourse: Girls Consuming and Producing Identity Texts Through Disney Princess Play. Reading Research Quarterly, 44, 57-83.
World Health Organization. (2003). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. World Health Organization: Geneva, 7, 30-45.
Wright, C. M., Parkinson, K. N., Shipton, D., & Robert, F. D. (2007). How Do Toddler Eating Problems Relate to Their Eating Behavior, Food Preferences, and Growth. Pediatrics, 120, 1069-1073.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top