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研究生:杜俊英
研究生(外文):Do Tuan Anh
論文名稱:結合GPS、Google地圖及PHP網頁服務實作的冷藏貨物追蹤系統
論文名稱(外文):A Refrigerated Cargo Tracking System Using GPS, Google Map API and PHP Web Service
指導教授:林仁勇林仁勇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Yung Lin
口試委員:林仁勇陳興忠黃永發
口試委員(外文):Jen-Yung LinHsing-Chung ChenYung-Fa Huang
口試日期:2013-07-01
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:貨物追踪系統冷藏貨物追踪系統谷歌地圖APIPHP Web服務GPS
外文關鍵詞:Cargo tracking systemfood cold chain tracking systemrefrigerated cargoGoogle Map APIPHP Web ServiceGPS
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貨物追蹤系統是現在物流業中重要的一環,現有系統大多著重在對貨物或運送車輛進行追蹤。然而在如今世界村概念下的食物供應鏈中,許多企業提供了許多來自不同地點的食物,對這些企業來說如何追蹤食物是否在最佳溫度範圍內,並將貨物正確送到客戶的地址,變成是企業物流最優先考慮的方向。因此,我們提出一個冷藏貨物追踪系統,對於冷藏或冷凍物品的運送,除了提供貨物或運送車輛的位置資訊外,系統也提供更詳細的運送過程溫度的變化情況以協助企業監督並確保貨物的運送品質。
在本論文中,我們探討冷藏追蹤系統的系統規格、提出的我們的解決方案,並比較與其他現有解決方案的優缺點。我們提出的冷藏追踪系統能提供車輛的位置和監控車輛上冷藏貨物的溫度。此系統包括放置於車輛上具有GPS模組及傳送資料APP的Android手機、一個使用谷歌地圖API的網站以顯示追蹤車輛軌跡及物品溫度、一個Web服務用於將Android手機上的APP傳送的資料存入資料庫中、以及一個具有嵌入式溫度感測器的MSP430F4152 微處理器以偵測冷藏物品的溫度。
我們所提出的系統可以即時的將車輛的位置顯示在谷歌地圖上。此外,它也可以在地圖軌跡上的每個位置顯示溫度及其他相關訊息,每當溫度大於一個預定義的門檻值時,系統會利用顏色提醒用戶作進一步的處理。本論文提出的系統架構也可以適用於其他需要監測系統環境資料的應用。
With the expectation to implement the cargo tracking system and after surveying many existing systems; we found that there are not many systems focusing on refrigerated cargo tracking systems. Therefore, we would like to propose a refrigerated cargo tracking system and to show what functions we can provide for companies.
Nowadays, it is essential for many firms to supervise their food delivery. To keep the food in an optimal temperature range and deliver goods to clients‟ addresses correctly are the most priorities. Environment sensing systems and positioning systems such as GPS (Global Positioning System) are requirements for this kind of systems that require environment sensing data.
In this thesis, we state our system requirements and compare our proposed solution with other existing solutions. Our proposed system focuses on the cold chain tracking system to provide locations of vehicles and monitor the temperature of refrigerated cargo carried by the vehicles. The proposed system includes Android phones with GPS module on the vehicles, a website for the visual control by using Google Map API, a web service acts as a bridge between Android phones and database, and an MSP430 F4152 MCU with embedded temperature sensor.
Our proposed system can provide the vehicles‟ positions on Google Map with live data. Also, it can show the temperature and other information of each position on the map. Whenever temperature is greater than a predefined threshold, the system will let the user know for further control.
封面內頁 簽名頁
中文摘要....................................................................................................................... iii
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................. iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................... v
LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................... vii

Chapter I. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................ 1
1.1. Background Knowledge ................................................................................. 1
1.1.1 Cargo system ................................................................................................. 1
1.1.2 Refrigerated Cargo ........................................................................................ 3
1.1.3 Specific need ................................................................................................. 5
1.1.3.1 GPS (The Global Positioning System) .................................................. 5
1.1.3.2 Temperature sensor ................................................................................ 8
1.2. Motivation and Contribution ........................................................................ 12
1.3. Organization of thesis ................................................................................... 13

Chapter II. LITERATURE REVIEW .......................................................................... 14

Chapter III. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS AND PROPOSED SYSTEM DESIGN ... 23
3.1. System Requirements ................................................................................... 23
3.2. Proposed System Design .............................................................................. 24

Chapter IV. IMPLEMENTATION .............................................................................. 28
4.1 Database Design ................................................................................................ 28
4.2 PHP Web Service Implementation .................................................................... 30
4.3 ASP.NET Website ............................................................................................. 31
4.4 MSP430 F4152 MCU Implementation .............................................................. 41
4.5 Android Application Implementation ................................................................ 42

Chapter V. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK .................................................. 44
References .................................................................................................................... 46
[1] W. He, E. L Tan, E. W. Lee, T. Y. Li, “A solution for Integrated Track and Trace in Supply Chain based on RFID & GPS,” IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation, 2009, pp. 1-6.
[2] G.-H. Yang, K. Xu, V. O.K. Li, “Hybrid Cargo-Level Tracking System for Logistics,” 2010 IEEE 71st Vehicular Technology Conference, (VTC 2010-Spring), pp. 1-5.
[3] C. Heywood, C. Connor, D. Browning, M. C. Smith, J. Wang, “GPS Tracking of Intermodal Transportation: System Integration with Delivery Order System,” Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, April 2009, pp. 191-196.
[4] C. Li, Z. Zhou, F. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Wang, “Design and Implementation of Modern Logistics Vehicles and Cargo Tracking Systems,” 2008 International Seminar on Future Biomedical Information Engineering, pp. 411-414.
[5] L. Zhou, C. X. Lou, “Intelligent Cargo Tracking System Based on the Internet of Things,” 2012 15th international Conference on Network-Based information systems, pp. 489-493.
[6] R. Lou, Y. Shen, “Design and Implementation of Public Bike Information System Based on Google Maps,” 2009 international conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, pp. 156-159.
[7] Pr. F. Rousseaux, K. Lhoste, “Rapid Software Prototyping using Ajax and Google Map API,” 2009 Second International Conferences on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions, pp. 317-323.
[8] I.M. Almomani, N.Y. Alkhalil, E.M. Ahmad, R.M. Jodeh, “Ubiquitous GPS Vehicle Tracking and Management System,” 2011 IEEE Jordan Conference on Applied Electrial Engineering and Computing Technologies, pp. 1-6.
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[9] M. Konarski, W. Zabierowski,”Using Google Maps API along with technology .NET,” 2010 IEEE Conference on Telecommunications and Computer Science, pp. 180-182.
[10] C.M. Li, C.C. Nien, J.L Liao, Y.C. Tseng, “Development of wireless sensor module and network for temperature monitoring in cold chain logistics,” 2012 IEEE Conference on Wireless Information Technology and System, pp.1-4.
[11] J. Zhao, X. Lian, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, “Design of wireless temperature and humidity data collection system based on MSP430 and CC2530,” 2012 International conference on Engineering Design and Manufacturing Informatization (ICSEM), pp.193-195.
[12] Z. Yunbo, W. Jian, “Design and Implementation of management vehicle information system based on the .NET Framework,” 2011 International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Communications and Networks (CECNet), pp. 197-200.
[13] The Official Google Map API documentation. Available online at: https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/
[14] The Official Google Chart Tools. Available online at: https://developers.google.com/chart/
[15] The Official jQuery Website. Available online at: http://jquery.com/
[16] The Official TI MSP430 F4152 documentations. Available online at: http://www.ti.com/product/msp430f4152?247SEM
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