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研究生:唐玉玲
研究生(外文):Tang,Yulin
論文名稱:探討毛姆短篇小說選集之魅力
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Appeal of Selected Short Stories of William Somerset Maugham
指導教授:任世雍任世雍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ren,Shyhjong
口試委員:彭輝榮郎亞琴
口試委員(外文):Perng,Hui-zungLang, Ya-Chin
口試日期:2013-01-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:應用外語研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:吸引魅力說故事
外文關鍵詞:power appealstory-telling
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中文摘要

本研究主要在探討毛姆如何在其短篇小說選集中,善用其敏銳的觀察力、豐富的人生經歷、發揮並應用於其“說故事”及人物刻劃之才能,帶給讀者一篇又一篇敘述生動、對話直白卻意義深遠足以打動人心的精采故事。

毛姆為20世紀中流行最廣、最受歡迎的英國作家之一,曾被許多書評譽為“最會講故事的作家”。有多篇短篇都曾被翻拍成電影、電視劇集及有聲書。在毛姆的短篇裡,我們可以察覺到他如何運用機智、幽默,和帶有譏諷的筆調,展現出他對人性的憐憫與同情。也因為作者豐富的人生經歷及幾乎遍及全世界的旅行經驗,方能獲悉許多真人真事及各地的風土人情,並融入於或改編成故事,他慣用自己甚至是你我熟悉的人、事、物去敘述故事,因而他的短篇較貼近現實,更能引起讀者的共鳴。也正因為毛姆的短篇小說大都以生活事實為依據,題材新穎,再加上內容豐富,因而具有打動人心的力量。這也正是他的短篇能夠深受讀者喜愛而又魅力長存的重要原因。由於受限於自身的能力和時間,我將從其短篇小說中選出七篇做為文本探討的題材。七篇短篇如下: "一個五十歲的女人"、"愛德華.巴納德的墮落"、"雨"、"紅毛"、"叢林裡的足跡"、"療養院裡"、"一對快樂的夫妻。"

本文旨在探討毛姆的短篇小說何以如此廣受歡迎,其魅力歷久不衰的原因何在。職是,第二章將論述毛姆說故事手法以及故事與人性突變的關聯。第三章則敘述毛姆如何運用多元敘事方式、時間配置手法及對稱對比技巧為其短篇增添吸引力; 第四章則是前面三章論述之總結,即毛姆短篇的魅力來自故事的有趣,人性的突變,以及寫作技巧及異國氛圍的加持。

關鍵字: 吸引魅力,說故事,多元敘事手法,時間配置,對稱對比技巧,氛圍,人性的突變




ABSTRACT

Maugham’s short stories are marked by highly perceptive observations, rich life experience, and cynical attitude toward human nature. Even though they were published half a century ago, many of them are still popular.

This study is aimed to examine the factors that contribute to creating their power appeal. I will first briefly introduce Maugham’s miserable childhood and rich life experience that help develop his cynical and humanitarian attitude toward his life.

The first two factors to be dealt with in the first chapter are his ability to create fascinating stories and to pique interest in reading; and his ability to bring us shocking enlightenment through the sudden reversal of human nature. The third chapter is focused on investigating his narrative art that consists in his skillful use of multiple points of view, of time manipulation (shifting of the present and the past), and symmetric contrast techniques. His excellence at the depiction of the atmosphere gained from traveling abroad presents the fourth factors that help enhance his power appeal in forming a romantic story and in converting a character’s personality either on the conscious level or on the subconscious level.

The conclusion I have arrived at is that Maugham’s ability to pique our unfading interest in reading his short stories, his skillful use of narrative art, his excellence at the depiction of the atmosphere, constitutes the factors that sustain his continuing popularity.


Keywords: power appeal, story-telling, multiple points of view, time manipulation,symmetric contrast techniques, atmosphere, sudden reversal of human nature,

TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER PAGE…………….……………………………….………………….……i
ENGLISH SINGATURE PAGE………………………………….ii
SINGATURE PAGE …………………………….…….…………………….…iii
ENGLISHABSTRACT………………………………...……………… iv
CHINESE ABSTRACT…… …………………………...…………….. iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS....................................................................vi

Chapter I. INTRODUCTION
1.1 A Sketch of Maugham’s Biography................................................................... 1
1.2 Maugham’s Attitudes toward Life in His Short Stories…………….………….. 1

Chapter II. THE APPEAL OF MAUGHAM’S SHORT STORIES
2.1 Story-telling……….…….……………..……………..…….……………9
2.2 The Sudden Reversal of Human Nature……………..…..….……………11

Chapter III. THE NARRATIVE ART OF MAUGHAM’S SHORT STORIES
3.1 The Narrative Art in "A Woman of Fifty"….……..………….……….……… 20
3.2 The Narrative Art in "The Happy Couple"…..……………………… ……….24

Chapter VI. THE ATMOSPHERE IN MAUGHAM’S SHORT
STORIES
4.1The Function of Forming a Story……………….……………..…….……30
4.2 The Function of Converting a Character’s Personality on the Conscious Level….……………………………………………….……………………..…… 33
4.3 The Function of Converting a Character’s Personality on the Subconscious Level….……………………………………………………………………..…….35


Chapter V. Conclusion………………………………………………… 39

Endnotes…………………………………………………………………..40

Works Cited…………………………………………………………………..43

Works Cited

Baldwin, Dean. W. Somerset Maugham: A Study of the Short Fiction,1996.
<http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2455/is_n1_v33/ai_19589304>.

Bassett, James Troy. W. Somerset Maugham: An Annotated Bibliography of Criticism, 1969-1997. English Literature in Transition, Volume 41, Number 2, 1998 ELT Press133-184, 1880-1920.
<http://users.ipfw.edu/bassettt/docs/bassettmaugham.pdf>.

Glenys, Roberts. The first superstar novelist Somerset Maugham: Is he the most debauched man of the 20th century?,2009
<http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1209800/The-superstar-novelist-Somerset-Maugham-Is-debauched-man-20th-century.html>.

Hardee,Wiggins Barbara. W. Somerset Maugham: The impact of environment on characters within his short stories "The Pool," "Rain," and "Sanatorium". M.A., California State University, Dominguez Hills, 2005.
<http://gradworks.umi.com/14/32/1432974.html>.

Nordquist, Richard. William Somerset Maugham on Writing Without Frills. About. com Guide,2010.
<http://grammar.about.com/od/advicefromthepros/a/maughamwrite.htm>.

Rogal, Samuel J. A William Somerset Maugham encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997.
<http://books.google.com.tw>

Selman, Samantha Reagan. The Sinners of Pago Pago An essay based on William Somerset Maugham’s “Rain. Home School Essay Assignment, 22 April 2011.
<http://www.scribd.com/doc/65701900/The-Sinners-of-Pago-Pago-Based-on-WSomerset-Maugham-s-Rain>

Alexander, Pat/ Cox, Carolyn (ILT). The Children’s Story Bible Presbyterian Pub Corp, 2001.

Brophy, John. Somerset Maugham. London. New York. Published for the British Council and the National Book League by Longmans, Green, 1952.

Buck, Pearl Sydenstricker . The Story Bible Volume 1. The Old Testament. Gramercy Books, 1997.

Costa, Richard Hauer. An Appointment With Somerset Maugham and Other Literary Encounters.Texas A & M Univ Pr, 1994.
Hastings, Selina. The Secret Lives of Somerset Maugham : A biography. London, John Murray, 2009.

Lawrence, Boad . Reading the Old Testament: An Introduction. Paulist Pr, 1985.

Mander, Raymond & Mitchenson, Joe. The Artist and the Theatre. William Heinemann Ltd ,1955.
Mander, Raymond & Mitchenson, Joe. Guide to the Maugham Collection of Theatrical Paintings. Heinemann & the National Theatre. William Heinemann Ltd, 1980
Maugham, Robin. Escape from the Shadows. Wiedenfeld and Nicholson Publishers ,1970
Maugham, Robin, Somerset and all the Maughams. Greenwood Press, 1977
Maugham, Robin, Search for Nirvana. W.H. Allen. Greenwood Press, 1977.
Maugham, W. Somerset. Looking Back. As serialised in Show, June, July & August, 1962,.
Maugham, W. Somerset. The Summing Up. Random House, 2010

Maugham, W. Somerset. A Writer's Notebook .Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2009.

Maugham, W. Somerset. Books and You (The works of W. Somerset Maugham), Ayer Co Pub1977

Maugham, W. Somerset. Collected stories.Random House Inc.,2004.

Maugham, W. Somerset. Collected stories, Vol 1. Penguin USA, 1990.

Maugham, W. Somerset. Collected stories, Vol 2. Penguin USA, 1992.

Maugham, W. Somerset. Collected stories, Vol 3. Penguin USA, 1993.

Maugham, W. Somerset. Collected stories, Vol 4. Penguin USA, 1995.

Maugham, W Somerset; Yu Fang.Shu yu ni, Zhi Wen,1973

Morgan, Ted. Somerset Maugham Jonathan Cape. ISBN 0-224-01813-2,1980.

Morgan, Ted. Maugham Touchstone Books. ISBN 0-671-50581-5,1984.

Maugham, W. Somerset .Rain And Other South Sea Stories. Dover Pubns, 2005.

Maugham, William Somerset. Creatures of Circumstance.Transaction Pub Large Print,2011.

Maxwell, Arthur Stanley. The Bible Story. Review and Herald Pub Assoc, 1997.

McKinney, John F. W. Somerset Maugham’s Of Human Bondage. New York,1998.

Meyers, Jeffrey. Somerset Maugham: A life. Knopf, 2004.

Naik,M.K. W. Somerset Maugham, Norman. University of Oklahoma Press,1966
Monarch Press, 1964.

Nichols, Beverley. A Case of Human Bondage, 1966.

New Revised Standard Version of the Bible .Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America, copyright 1989.

Raphael ,Frederic . W. Somerset Maugham and his world. New York : Scribner, 1977.

Vidal, Gore. The New York Review of Books,1990.

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