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 For today's green energy we propose an intelligent control law with security not wasted energy to charge the Lead-Acid battery whose cost is acceptable by every family. This design has the advantage of the proposed hardware FPGA digital control can be set into a variety of power source do with. Generally available in the market, an analog circuit is taken to do PWM control whose disadvantage is hard to update. Therefore we use digital FPGA chip control instead of an analog one for saving savings manpower and time cost. The main purpose of the thesis is to do wide DC conversion range with FPGA chip control to accomplish the following(1) Proposed a simple and effective control law to switch the mixed constant current and constant voltage charging such that an uninterruptible power supply load is implemented;(2) Complete the Matlab/SimPower mathematical program simulation analysis and to verify the effectiveness of the proposed charging rules;(3) After verifying the validity of the charging rules constructed on Matlab platform, the converted file is downloaded to the FPGA chip;(4) A mathematical simulation program implemented in electronic circuit and to connect the FPGA digital controller with feedback voltage control through the homemade A/D converter.
 誌謝I摘要IIAbstractIII目錄IV圖目錄VII第一章 緒論11.1前言11.2研究動機與目的21.3論文大綱3第二章 鉛酸電池之介紹42.1鉛酸電池的特性42.1.1鉛酸電池內部構造52.1.2鉛酸電池的化學原理52.1.3鉛酸電池之放電特性72.1.4鉛酸電池之壽命特性82.2電池充電方法102.2.1定電壓充電法102.2.2定電流充電法112.2.3混合型充電法112.2.4正脈衝充電法122.2.5正負脈衝充電法13第三章 降壓轉換器之基本原理143.1連續導通模式143.2充電模式之穩態分析193.3降壓轉換器之電感與電容設計20第四章 充電之策略與探討224.1定電流充電方法234.2定電壓充電方法244.4建模與模擬驗證其可行性284.5以DSP builder建立控制器 304.5.1模擬結果34第五章 硬體系統架構與實驗結果 385.1充電系統架構之硬體設計385.2 FPGA實作分析395.3電壓量測電路435.4電流量測電路445.5閘極驅動電路455.6監控系統465.7充電系統硬體整合475.8實驗結果49第六章 結論與未來研究方向52參考文獻53
 [1]K. Kutluay, Y. Cadirci, Y. S. Ozkazanc, and I. Cadirci, “A new online state-of-charge estimation and monitoring system for sealed lead-acid batteries in Telecommunication power supplies,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 52, No.5, pp. 1315-1327, 2005.[2]S. West, and P. T. Krein, “Equalization of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries: issues and life test results,” Telecommunications Energy Conference, INTELEC Twenty-second International, pp. 439-446, 2000.[3]M. Bhatt, W. G. Hurley, and W. H. Wolfle, “A new approach to intermittent charging of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries in standby applications,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 52, No. 5, pp. 1337-1342, 2005.[4]Y. Çadırcı , and Y. Özkazanç “Microcontroller-based on-line state-of-charge estimator for sealed lead–acid batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 129, No. 2, pp. 330-342, 2004.[5]J. Moreno, M. E. Ortuzar, and J. W. Dixon, “Energy-management system for a hybrid electric vehicle, using ultracapacitors and neural networks,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 614-623, 2006.[6]H. J. Chiu, L. W. Lin, P. L. Pan, and M. H. Tseng “A novel rapid charger for lead-acid batteries with energy recovery,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol 21, No. 3, pp. 640-647, 2006.[7]T. J. Liang, T. Wen, K. C. Tseng, and J. F. Chen, “Implementation of a regenerative pulse charger using hybrid buck-boost converter,” IEEE International Conference on. Power Electronics and Drive Systems, 4th Vol 2, pp.437-422, 2001.[8]SOPC-NIOSII EDA/SOPC System Platform NiosII-EP2C35 User Guide”, 2007.[9]朱延松，具能量回送與功因修正之正負脈衝電池充電器，國立成功大學電機工程學系，碩士論文，2002。[10]李明駿，鉛酸電池之快速充電技術研究，國立中央大學電機工程研 究所，碩士論文，2003。[11]黃聖欽，具準確電量估測之鉛酸電池，國立中央大學電機工程學系研究所，碩士論文，2004。[12]朱延松，具能量回送與功因修正之正負脈衝電池充電器，國立成功大學電機工程學系，碩士論文，2002。[13]梁適安，“交換式電源供應器之理論與實務設計”，全華圖書股份有限公司，2008。[14]梁適安，“高頻交換式電源供應器”，全華圖書股份有限公司，1995。[15]莊慧仁，“FPGA/CPLD數位電路設計入門與實務應用”，全華圖書股份有限公司，2006。[16]統一工業股份有限公司：http://www.gy-zyi.com.tw[17]National Instruments：http://sine.ni.com[18]Matlab軟體工具之ㄧSimpower tool[19]D. Maksimovic., and S. Cuk, “Switching Converters with Wide DC Conversion Range,”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol 6, NO. 1 , pp.151-157, Jan. 1991[20]YAHOO鉛酸電池網站介紹:http://tw.image.search.yahoo.com
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 1 具能量回送與功因修正之正負脈衝電池充電器 2 鉛酸電池之快速充電技術研究

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 1 以FPGA晶片控制鉛酸電池快速充電器之研究 2 直流升壓型轉換器之設計與實現 3 基於FPGA的卡爾曼濾波器應用於膚色追蹤 4 以FPGA實作40Gbps超高速先進先出佇列--資料交換機控制單元TheFPGAImplementationofa40GbpsUltraHighSpeedQueue–DataSwitchControllerandDeQMethod 5 FPGA-Based 鋰電池串聯平衡充電器之設計與實現 6 以FPGA為基礎實現且應用於機械手臂之影像辨識系統 7 基於FPGA 系統的排序硬體 8 以FPGA為基礎之嵌入式視覺平台實作 9 於FPGA上實現用於主動式噪音控制的 自適應濾波器 10 使用FPGA實現永磁同步馬達速度與電流控制器 11 以FPGA為基礎整合軟運算技術之強健適應控制系統設計於線性感應馬達效能改善 12 基於田口模糊法之最佳化鋰電池快速充電策略研究 13 鉛酸電池充電特性之研究 14 PWM/PFM雙模式排程鋰電池充電控制器之設計 15 太陽能快速充電技術研究

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