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研究生:陳柏宇
研究生(外文):Po-Yu Chen
論文名稱:教學策略與語言學習動機: 以華梵大學大一文法與習作課為例
論文名稱(外文):Teaching Strategies and Language Learning Motivation: A Case Study of English Grammar and Guided Writing Class at Huafan University
指導教授:徐博衍
指導教授(外文):Hsu,Po-yen
口試委員:陳建平蕭聰淵
口試委員(外文):Chen,Chien-pingHsiao,Tsung-yuan
口試日期:2013-07-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:華梵大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:教學策略語言學習動機
外文關鍵詞:Teaching StrategiesTeaching Strategies, Language Learning Motivation
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本研究為語言學習動機與教學策略的個案研究。其研究目的為檢視英文文法與習作課堂中教師教學策略與學習者語言學習動機之影響與其關係。
本研究對象透過動機問卷之分析結果挑選四位外文系ㄧ年級大學生。研究方法主要以動機問卷、深度訪談以及前後測做為研究資料收集。從問卷結果顯示出,受訪者的學習動機類型分為:內在動機與外在動機。透過訪談,結果顯示受訪者對老師文法教學之期望分別為:ㄧ、搭配有趣的學習活動。二、給予更多的文法練習題。三、對舊有傳統文法教學的迷思。四、教師個人特徵。
研究發現顯示出學習者的文法學習經驗、不同的語言學習動機以及以往的文法學習策略應用影響其學習者對教師教學策略之期望。

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between teaching strategies use and learner’s learning motivation in an English Grammar and Guided Writing class. Four English-major freshmen were chosen in this study.
The data were collected from three instruments: questionnaire, in-depth semi-structured interviews, and pre-test and post-test. From the results of the Motivational Questionnaire, the participants were divided into two types of learners: intrinsically and extrinsically motivated. From the results of the interviews, the study showed that students' expectations on grammar instruction are varied. There are four factors were identified from the interviews which affected students' learning motivation. They are: (a) instructing English grammar with interesting activities, (b) to be given more grammar exercises, (c) greatly confused and affected by the traditional grammar instructions, (d) teacher's characteristics.
The findings of this study showed that English grammar learning experiences, different types of language learning motivation, and previous English grammar learning strategies were major factors which influenced the learners' learning expectations on the teaching strategies.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
致謝…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………i
摘要………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………ii
ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………iv
LIST OF TABLES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………viii
LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………ix

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 Background of the Study…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.2 Statement of the Problem………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3
1.3 Purpose of the Study…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4
1.4 Research Questions………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6

CHAPTER TWO – LITERATURE REVIEW………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
2.1 Definition of Motivation………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
2.2 Language Learning Motivation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9
2.3 Types of Language Learning Motivation.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………11
2.4 Motivation and Learning Achievement………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13
2.5 Motivation and Teaching Strategies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13

CHAPTER THREE – METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………17
3.1 Research Context…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………17
3.1.1 Description of the Course……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………19
3.2 Research Design……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………20
3.3 Participants……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………22
3.4 Instruments………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………23
3.4.1 Motivational Questionnaire……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………24
3.4.1.1 Analyzing the Questionnaire………………………………………………………………………………………27
3.4.2 In-depth Semi-structured Interviews……………………………………………………………………………………………28
3.4.3 English Grammar Proficiency Pretest and Post-test…………………………………………………….30
3.5 Procedures…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………31

CHAPTER FOUR – RESULTS AND FINDINGS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………36
4.1 The Analysis of Motivational Questionnaire………………………………………………………………………………………………….36
4.1.1 The Result of Motivational Questionnaire from Participant A……………………………37
4.1.2 The Result of Motivational Questionnaire from Participant B……………………………40
4.1.3 The Result of Motivational Questionnaire from Participant C……………………………43
4.1.4 The Result of Motivational Questionnaire from Participant D……………………………46
4.2 Summary on the Analysis of the Motivational Questionnaire……………………………………………………………49
4.3 The Analysis of In-depth Semi-structured Interviews……………………………………………………………………………51
4.3.1 The Analysis of the First Interview……………………………………………………………………………………………51
4.3.1.1 Results from Participant A…………………………………………………………………………………………52
4.3.1.2 Results from Participant B…………………………………………………………………………………………55
4.3.1.3 Results from Participant C…………………………………………………………………………………………57
4.3.1.4 Results from Participant D…………………………………………………………………………………………60
4.3.2 The Analysis of the Second Interview…………………………………………………………………………………………64
4.3.2.1 Results from Participant A…………………………………………………………………………………………64
4.3.2.2 Results from Participant B…………………………………………………………………………………………67
4.3.2.3 Results from Participant C…………………………………………………………………………………………68
4.3.2.4 Results from Participant D…………………………………………………………………………………………70
4.4 The Analysis of Pretest and Post-test of English Grammar Proficiency Test…………………72
4.5 Summary of the Results…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………74

CHAPTER FIVE –DISCUSSION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………76
5.1 Findings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………76
5.2 Pedagogical Implication………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………78

CHAPTER SIX –CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………80
6.1 Summary…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………80
6.2 Limitations and Suggestions for the Future Research……………………………………………………………………………81
REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………82

APPENDICES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………85
Appendix 1 Motivational Questionnaire (English Version)………………………………………………………85
Appendix 2 Motivational Questionnaire (Chinese Version)………………………………………………………86
Appendix 3 The First Time Interview Questions (English Version)…………………………………88
Appendix 4 The Second Time Interview Questions (English Version)………………………………91
Appendix 5 The First Time Interview Questions (Chinese Version)…………………………………92
Appendix 6 The Second Time Interview Questions (Chinese Version)………………………………94

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Motivational Questionnaire………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………24
Table 2 Schedule of the first In-depth Semi-structured Interview………………………………………32
Table 3 Schedule of the Second In-depth Semi-structured Interview……………………………………33

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Procedure of Writing Tasks and Weekly Writing Consultations………………………………………20
Figure 2. Overview of the study……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………22
Figure 3. The Self-determination Continuum………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27
Figure 4. The result of question 1 from Participant A…………………………………………………………………………………38
Figure 5. The result of question 2 from Participant A…………………………………………………………………………………39
Figure 6. The result of question 3 from Participant A…………………………………………………………………………………40
Figure 7. The result of question 1 from Participant B…………………………………………………………………………………41
Figure 8. The result of question 2 from Participant B…………………………………………………………………………………42
Figure 9. The result of question 3 from Participant B…………………………………………………………………………………43
Figure 10. The result of question 1 from Participant C………………………………………………………………………………44
Figure 11. The result of question 2 from Participant C………………………………………………………………………………45
Figure 12. The result of question 3 from Participant C………………………………………………………………………………46
Figure 13. The result of question 1 from Participant D………………………………………………………………………………47
Figure 14. The result of question 2 from Participant D………………………………………………………………………………48
Figure 15. The result of question 3 from Participant D………………………………………………………………………………49
Figure 16. Comparison of Pretest and Post-test Scores…………………………………………………………………………………73

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