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研究生:劉雅松
研究生(外文):Ya-Song Liu
論文名稱:籃球、棒球、美式足球專業英語之詞彙分析
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Lexical Analysis on Basketball, Baseball, and Football Terms
指導教授:戴維揚戴維揚引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Yang Dai
口試委員:戴維揚歐雪貞陳錦芬
口試委員(外文):Wei-Yang DaiSheue-jen OuChin-Fen Chen
口試日期:2013-06-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:玄奘大學
系所名稱:應用外語學系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:詞彙分析集合名詞字串詞綴
外文關鍵詞:common terminologiesword pairsmorphologyperformance
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本論文探討籃球、棒球、美式足球三種球類運動的英語專業用語對詞彙分析其結構差異以及共同相似處。運用語文資料庫整理美國職籃(NBA)、美國職棒大聯盟(MLB)、美式足球聯盟(NFL)專用的專業用語在六篇相關文章,分析其單詞及名詞動詞片語的結構,並找出這些專業詞彙的特性。
本論文也加以探討這三種運動的球星由於在該運動特殊表現、薪水與價值而衍生出球星特具新鑄的新詞,本研究者也起因於華裔美國職籃球星林書豪在美國職籃上優異的表現所興起一股籃球熱潮而新鑄與其姓Lin為”Linsanity”(林來瘋)進而對於此領域引發興趣,並冀望將所學的語言知識與球類運動相結合,才開始本研究。
本研究的核心在於三種球類的專業術語的結構的共同相似處跟相異處為核心做探討並分類。不論是在動詞或名詞的類型,詞彙的長短,或是集合名詞皆可運用資料庫解析其辭彙結構在此三類比賽場上分秒必爭的狀況任何細節都有可能影響勝負,在這些時候這些專業用語都扮演非常重要的角色,只要稍有閃失都會影響比賽勝負,對於運動員來說冠軍就是終極的夢想,對於該研究來說其結果也像是研究者本身的終極夢想,也希望這詞彙分析研究的結果可以對語言,社會,運動有所貢獻。

The study of terminologies is about three excises in basketball, baseball, and football respectively in the organizations of the NBA (National Basketball Association), MLB (Major League Baseball), and NFL (National Football League). There are six articles selected for this study. We want to know their terminologies in common, and basketball terms especially. Because of the ethnic Chinese star of NBA, Jeremy Lin’s newly coined word, “Linsanity” he’s risen to made frenzy of basketball. So the researcher was interested in lexical analyses. The core of this research is the basketball terms compared with those of baseball and football. In this world, everything has two sides that we called binary oppositions with word pairs. We distinguish these three ball games with their lexical analyses on their specific feature of monosyllables or disyllables.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS i
CHINESE ABSTRACT ii
ABSTRACT iii
LIST OF GRIDS 1
LIST OF TABLES 2
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 4
1.1 Background and Motivation of the Study 4
1.1.1 Sociolinguistics with Zeitgeist 4
1.1.2 Sociocultural contexts 5
1.1.3 Motivation 5
1.1.4 Words relating to sports 6
1.1.5 Definition of the three major American acronym terms 7
1.2 Acronyms 7
1.2.1 NBA 8
1.2.2 MLB 10
1.2.3 NFL 12
1.3 Eponyms 15
1.3.1 Linsanity 15
1.3.2 King James (LeBron Raymone James) 16
1.3.3 Chien Ming Wang (Wang) 17
1.3.4 Tim (Timothy Richard) 17
1.4 Terms forming 18
1.4.1 The rule of word formation 19
1.4.2 The affixes of English 19
1.4.3 Blending 20
1.5 Morphological analysis 20
1.5.1 Affixes and basketball terms 22
1.6 Research Questions 23
Chapter Two: Literature Review 24
2.1 Universal Grammar 24
2.2 Vocabulary Size 24
2.3 High-frequency Words 24
2.4 Chunking 26
2.5 Collocations 26
2.5.1 Frequency of co-occurrence 30
2.5.2 Adjacency 30
2.5.3 Grammatically connected 30
2.5.4 Grammatical structured 31
2.5.5 Grammatical uniqueness 31
2.5.6 Grammatical fossilisation 31
2.5.7 Collocational specialization 31
2.5.8 Lexical fossilization 32
2.5.9 Semantic opaqueness 32
2.5.10 Uniqueness of meaning 33
CHAPTER THREE: METHOD 34
3.1 Materials 34
3.1.1 Six of articles 34
3.1.2 The terminologies 34
3.2 Instruments 34
3.2.1 Academic Word List (AWL) 35
3.2.2 The General Service List (GSL) 35
3.2.3 Corpus-based analysis 35
3.2.4 Discourse analysis 36
3.3 Data Analysis 36
Chapter Four: Discussion and Result 37
4.1 The Qualitative Research for NP of Basketball, Baseball, and Football 37
4.2 The Quantitative Research for of Basketball, Baseball, and Football 43
4.3 Result for Qualitative Research 55
4.4 Result for Quantitative Research 57
Chapter Five: Conclusion and Suggestion 59
5.1 Two Questions 59
5.1.1 Do the articles of three ball games for general reader? 59
5.1.2 How to form the terms in three major ball game 59
5.2 Conclusion 59
5.3 Suggestion 60
References 61
APPENDIX A 64
APPENDIX B 65
APPENDIX C 66
APPENDIX D 67
APPENDIX E 68
APPENDIX F 69
APPENDIX G 70


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戴維揚 (2012b)。 源自希臘拉丁的學術專業英文辭彙。 新竹:玄奘大學

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