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研究生:程茂偉
研究生(外文):Cheng, Mao-Wei
論文名稱:以丙二醇甲醚製備壓克力系塗料的可行性和加入 矽酸鹽系助劑對隔熱效果的探討
論文名稱(外文):The feasibility of making paint mixing with propylene glycol mono-methyl ether in dissolving acrylic resins and the effect of silicate series in for heat insulation
指導教授:蕭倨南
指導教授(外文):Hsiao, Chu-Nan
口試委員:蔡坪芫蔣敏洵顏明賢
口試委員(外文):Tsai, Ping-YuanChian, Min-HsunYen, Ming-Shien
口試日期:2013-01-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:崑山科技大學
系所名稱:材料工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:塗料壓克力系樹脂丙二醇甲醚雲母矽藻土紅外線熱像儀
外文關鍵詞:PaintsAcrylic-based resinsPropylene glycol mono-methylmicadiatomaceous earthinfrared thermal imaging spectrometer
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塗料是由凝結原料(大部份為樹脂類及纖維素)、顏料、溶劑、展色劑等組成,因此一般塗料本身即含有有機溶劑存在。壓克力系樹脂塗料的用途為防水型,所用溶劑以甲苯為主,但具揮發性的甲苯被公認為主要的空氣污染物,在綠色產品、清潔生產已成為世界各國所重視的課題下,更低毒性、低污染及高附加價值等是塗料的改善方向。本研究以低毒性丙二醇甲醚取代甲苯溶解壓克力樹脂製成塗料,並經填加隔熱助劑對壓克力樹脂塗料進行改質,經由塗料液體粘度、TGA的試驗後,發現丙二醇甲醚和甲苯一樣可溶解壓克力樹脂,但溶解力、揮發性略低於甲苯。丙二醇甲醚溶劑和壓克力樹脂溶質的重量混合比在 2.5 : 1,塗料液體粘度達到業界所使用的操作條件。塗料硬度隨其中的壓克力樹脂含量越多則硬度較硬,不受助劑填加量影響。填加10% o.w.s雲母後可使塗料隔熱降溫約10℃。填加雲母和矽藻土兩種助劑共混的塗料要比只填加雲母或矽藻土的塗料有更佳的隔熱性其中以雲母:矽藻土共混比例為25:75者最好。經600hr耐候試驗後,塗料的隔熱效果和硬度沒有明顯的變化。
Paints in general contain organic solvents because paints consist of consolidated raw materials (mostly resins and cellulose), pigments, solvents, and unwind agents of pigment etc. Acrylic-based resins are waterproof, so the main solvent is toluene; however, due to toluene’s volatile nature, it is universally recognized as a main air pollutant. Since the concept of green products and clean production has become of great importance worldwide, paint improvement has headed in the direction of less toxicity, less pollution and high value added products. This study replaced toluene with the lower toxicity propylene glycol mono-methyl ether to dissolve acrylic-based resins in paint production, and added insulating agents to change the quality of the acrylic-based paint. Using liquid viscosity and TGA tests, it was discovered that both propylene glycol mono-methyl ether and toluene could dissolve acrylic-based resins, but the solubility and volatility of propylene glycol mono-methyl ether were lower than that of toluene. The ratio of the propylene glycol mono-methyl ether solvent to the acrylic-based resin solute mixture was 2.5:1 by the ratio of weight, and the paint liquid viscosity met the operational conditions of the industry. The paint hardness increased as the percent composition of the acrylic-based resin increased, and is not influenced by the addition of insulating agents. Adding 10% o-w-s mica lowered paint insulation by 10℃. Adding a mixture of mica and diatomaceous earth resulted in better insulation than adding either mica or diatomaceous earth individually, with a ratio of 25:75 mica to diatomaceous earth as the most ideal. After 600 hrs of weather resistance testing, the paint’s insulation and hardness did not change significantly.
目 錄
頁數
中文摘要--------------------------------------------------------------------------------I
英文摘要-------------------------------------------------------------------------------II
誌謝-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------IV
目錄-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------V
圗目錄----------------------------------------------------------------------------------XI
表目錄---------------------------------------------------------------------------------XII
第一章 緒論-------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.1前言--------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.2研究動機--------------------------------------------------------------------3
第二章 文獻回顧-----------------------------------------------------------------5
2.1低毒性溶劑-----------------------------------------------------------------5
2.1核殼式膠體粒子樹脂----------------------------------------------------6
2.2.1核殼式膠體粒子---------------------------------------------------6
2.2.2粉體壓克力樹脂---------------------------------------------------8
2.3耐熱助劑-------------------------------------------------------------------9
2.3.1矽藻土---------------------------------------------------------------9
2.3.2雲母-----------------------------------------------------------------11
2.4塗料的工業生產---------------------------------------------------------13
2.4. 1塗料組成----------------------------------------------------------13
2.4. 2塗料製程----------------------------------------------------------14
2.5紅外線幅射與應用-----------------------------------------------------16
2.5. 1紅外線幅射-------------------------------------------------------16
2.5. 2紅外線檢測應用-------------------------------------------------16
2.6熱傳播方式和建築物阻熱方法--------------------------------------19
2.6. 1熱傳播方式與過程----------------------------------------------19
2.6.2建築物熱傳播途徑----------------------------------------------20
2.6.3建築物隔熱方法--------------------------------------------------21
第三章 實驗方法----------------------------------------------------------------23
3.1實驗器材------------------------------------------------------------------23
3.1.1實驗材料-----------------------------------------------------------23
3.1.1實驗儀器-----------------------------------------------------------24
3.2實驗流程------------------------------------------------------------------28
3.3塗料製備------------------------------------------------------------------28
3.3.1預備實驗塗料-----------------------------------------------------28
3.3.2甲苯/壓克力、丙二醇甲醚/壓克力塗料---------------------29
3.3.2雲母/丙二醇甲醚/壓克力、矽藻土/丙二醇甲醚/壓克力
塗料----------------------------------------------------------------29
3.3.4填加雲母/矽藻土共混助劑丙二醇甲醚/壓克力塗料--33
3.3試驗方法-----------------------------------------------------------------33
3.4.1溶劑溶解性觀察-------------------------------------------------33
3.4.2粘度試驗-----------------------------------------------------------33
3.4.3熱重損失試驗-----------------------------------------------------33
3.4.4粘度杯檢測--------------------------------------------------------34
3.4.5塗料試片製作-----------------------------------------------------34
3.4.6附著力試驗--------------------------------------------------------34
3.4.7鉛筆硬度試驗-----------------------------------------------------36
3.4.8塗料隔熱試驗-----------------------------------------------------36
3.4.9耐候性試驗--------------------------------------------------------37
第四章 結果與討論------------------------------------------------------------38
4.1溶劑溶解性觀察--------------------------------------------------------38
4.2不同溶劑/壓克力塗料性質-------------------------------------------41
4.2.1塗料溶解液粘度--------------------------------------------------41
4.2.2塗料溶劑揮發性--------------------------------------------------41
4.3填加隔熱助劑丙二醇甲醚/壓克力塗料性質---------------------46
4.3.1塗料液體粘度-----------------------------------------------------46
4.3.2塗料膜硬度--------------------------------------------------------47
4.3.3塗料表面溫度-----------------------------------------------------53
4.3.4塗料紅外線熱感顯像-------------------------------------------57
4.4填加雲母/矽藻土共混助劑丙二醇甲醚/壓克力塗料性質----59
4.4.1塗料表面溫度-----------------------------------------------------59
4.4.2塗料紅外線熱感顯像-------------------------------------------61
4.4.3塗料耐候性--------------------------------------------------------64
第五章 結論-----------------------------------------------------------------------68
第六章 参考文獻----------------------------------------------------------------70

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