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研究生:張榮毅
研究生(外文):Jung-Yi Chang
論文名稱:滯洪水理特性演算模式解析與研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Calculated Model for Hydrological Characteristics of Detention
指導教授:陳正炎陳正炎引用關係
口試委員:葉克家王傳益盧昭堯黃添坤
口試日期:2012-11-27
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:206
中文關鍵詞:滯洪設施伽瑪形入流歷線滯洪容積
外文關鍵詞:detention facilityGamma inflow hydrographdetention volume
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台灣地形高低起伏變化大,形成河川源短流急,且含砂量大。又近年來人口遽增,不斷向都市集中發展,造成平地資源開發幾近飽和狀況下,使得山坡地開發案日漸增多。為避免與減少造成地表土流失及下游洪害之產生,需設置滯洪設施加以處理,故本研究旨在探討分析滯洪設施之相關水理特性。
本文首先蒐集整理國內、外滯洪池水理特性相關文獻,並針對不同入流歷線論述,推導伽瑪形入流歷線條件下作用於四種出流口(矩形孔口、矩形溢流口、Sutro出流口以及Inverted-V notch出流口)之連續控制方程式,進而探討滯洪容積、降雨延時及洪峰消減之關係。另外進行滯洪渠槽試驗,以驗證數值模式洪水流經滯洪池水理現象,了解數值模式之適用性。
此外,以伽瑪形入流歷線降雨型態,利用無因次數學理論分析推導滯洪容積理論模式,並選擇二實際案例與前人研究採用三角形、等腰梯形滯洪容積模式進行比較。結果顯示三角形入流歷線特徵值 時,滯洪容積演算結果與現地案例相近,等腰梯形入流歷線滯洪容積演算值為最大,而本研究之伽瑪形入流歷線者計算結果則居中。
本研究另一成果為蒐集分析全台已建置之滯洪池地文、水文資料,繪製相關統計圖表建立資料庫,以及利用出流口水理控制方程式,配合不同入流歷線條件,經由視窗化軟體演算後,將所求得滯洪池水理特性與設計資料等數據呈現於表單中,使滯洪池設計上更為便捷。


Due to undulated terrain in Taiwan, most rivers are inherent in short water way, rapid flow, and high contents of sandy soils. In recent years, urban areas have been over populated and exploited. The natural resources in plain area are getting sparser. As a result, more and more projects are developed into the slope area. In order to decrease surface soil loss and minimize flooding damages in downstream area, construction of detention facilities are necessary. This study is focusing on hydraulic characteristics of detention facility.
This article firstly reviews domestic and international researches on hydraulic characteristics of detention pond and derives the continuity governing equations for Gamma inflow hydrograph with scenario of four different outlets (rectangular hole, rectangular overflow opening, Sutro outlet and Inverted-V notch outlet). The relations among the detention volume, rainfall duration, and peak reduction are also studied. On the other hand, flume experimental work of flood flowing through the detention pond is performed to verify the hydraulic characteristics of detention pond by the proposed numerical model and to understand the suitability of numerical model.
In addition, the Gamma inflow hydrograph is used as rainfall type and the theoretical model of detention pond volume is derived through analysis of non-dimensional mathematical theory. Two real cases are selected for comparison with other researchers using triangular and isosceles trapezoidal inflow hydrographs. The calculated results of detention pond volume based on triangular inflow hydrograph with characteristic value β of 1 are close to those of the real cases. Those from isosceles trapezoidal inflow hydrograph are much higher in the evaluation of detention pond volume. The results using the Gamma inflow hydrograph which is adopted in the study are in the middle of those former two types of inflow hydrographs.
This study also collects and analyzes the landform and hydrological information of build-up detention ponds in Taiwan. The related statistical graphs and data base are also constructed. With the governing equations of outlets coupled with inflow patterns, the hydraulic characteristics of detention pond and design information can be displayed in the table list through the calculation of developed window-based program. This will be helpful in the design of detention pond.

摘 要 i
Abstract ii
目 錄 iv
圖 目 錄 vii
表 目 錄 xi
照 片 目 錄 xii
符 號 說 明 xiii
第一章 前言 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 1
1-3 本文組織 2
1-4 研究貢獻 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2-1 流量歷線 7
2-2 滯洪水理特性 11
2-3 出流口相關研究 17
2-4 現場資料與軟體應用 22
第三章 滯洪演算理論分析 25
3-1 入流歷線特性 25
3-1-1 三角形入流歷線 25
3-1-2 梯形入流歷線 27
3-1-3 伽瑪形入流歷線 28
3-2 出流口流量模式 31
3-2-1 傳統設計型 31
3-2-2 特殊設計型 34
3-3 數值演算控制方程式 36
3-3-1出流口控制方程式 37
3-3-2 連續控制方程式 38
3-4 滯洪容積理論模式解析 41
3-4-1 三角形出流模式 41
3-4-2 抽水出流模式 48
第四章 渠槽試驗與數值驗證 52
4-1 渠槽試驗設計 52
4-1-1 試驗設備 52
4-1-2 試驗條件 57
4-1-3 預備試驗 64
4-2 數值演算法 65
4-3 成果比較驗證 67
4-3-1 三角形入流歷線 67
4-3-2 梯形入流歷線 75
第五章 滯洪水理探討分析 83
5-1滯洪特性數值演算結果比較 83
5-2 滯洪容積計算模式探討 92
5-2-1 伽瑪形入流歷線 92
5-2-2 不同入流歷線演算模式比較 103
第六章 滯洪池調查與視窗化 105
6-1 滯洪池資料調查 105
6-1-1 滯洪池特性整理 105
6-1-2 理論模式實例演算 125
6-2 視窗化模組 132
6-2-1 模式介紹與操作流程 132
6-2-2 模組實例演算 139
第七章 結論與建議 147
7-1 結論 147
7-2 建議 149
參考文獻 150
附錄一 滯洪池設置注意事項 154
附錄二 滯洪容積理論模式 156
附錄三 滯洪池現地資料 160
附錄四 滯洪池現地案例演算表 199
個人簡歷 203


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