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研究生:張涵晴
研究生(外文):Han-ChingChang
論文名稱:米爾頓《失樂園》中壓抑不住的慾望和邪惡
論文名稱(外文):Irrepressible Desire and Evil in Milton’s Paradise Lost
指導教授:邱源貴邱源貴引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yuan-Guey Chiou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系在職專班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:米爾頓撒旦魔性慾望英雄墮落壓抑不住的慾望
外文關鍵詞:John MiltonSatanthe diabolical desireherothe Fallthe irrepressible desire
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摘要
米爾頓的《失樂園》是一首關於正義與邪惡的史詩。撒旦背叛上帝而導致地球的災難。在墜入地獄後,撒旦開始著手進行對上帝的復仇。首先,他運用慷慨激昂的演說喚醒其他同夥的鬥志,並且宣稱他才是地獄魔王。接著,他計畫奪取上帝的伊甸園。米爾頓確實將他對英國人民的關心以及對政客和專權者的厭惡呈現在《失樂園》中。
這本書的評論涵蓋許多論點,包含了神話、歷史、宗教、道德、政治、作者背景、殖民主義以及女性主義。本論文旨在說明詩中撒旦的角色以及邪惡的定義。我認為在這首詩中,邪惡的本質就是撒旦的魔性慾望,而其目的是毀滅人類及世界。首章探討撒旦的角色。藉由發現撒旦隱藏在虛假辭令背後的邪惡意圖而了解到撒旦是一個假英雄。第二章著眼於詩中呈現的魔性慾望。由池田大作先生以及湯恩比博士提出的魔性慾望是人類慾望中的一種,它不但不能被抑制也不能被消滅—是壓抑不住的慾望。它和愛的慾望最大的不同在於它是企圖抑制所有善的可能性並且毀滅世界及人類,而撒旦正是魔性慾望的代表。第三章則對人類的墮落作了討論並且說明人類墮落的原因在於沒有說出邪惡的真實以及無法抑制在個人及他人心中的魔性慾望。
Abstract
Milton’s Paradise Lost is an epic about justice and evil. Satan’s rebel against God causes disasters on Earth. After falling into Hell, Satan first excites his followers with a passionate speech, claiming to be Emperor of Pandemonium, and then he attempts to capture the Eden as his revenge on God. Indeed, Milton transforms his great concerns of English people, his disgusted attitude toward politicians and authorities into his sublime talent and timeless Paradise Lost.
Criticism of this epic includes a large variety of topics, such as myth, history, theology, ethic, politics, the author’s autobiographical elements, colonialism, and feminism on this epic. This paper expands on the topic of Satan’s position and the meaning of evil as it emerges from the poem. I maintain that in Paradise Lost the essence of evil is presented as Satan’s diabolical desire to subdue and destroy both human beings and the World. In Chapter One, I want to explain that Satan is a fake hero by discovering Satan’s evil intentions which are under the mask of his eloquence. In Chapter Two, I want to focus on the diabolical desire which is presented and discussed by Arnold Toynbee and Daisaku Ikeda. They think the diabolical desire is one of human beings’ desires, it cannot be suppressed and eliminated—it is the irrepressible desire. But, differing from the loving desire, its essence is to restrain the possibility of good. In Paradise Lost, the representation of the diabolical desire is Satan while his intent is to destroy the world and human beings. In Chapter Three, I want to explain that the causes of the Fall of Satan, men and angels are they cannot speak out against the evil and can not restrain the diabolical desire in their minds.
Table of Contents

Introduction ------- 1

Chapter One.
Satan as the Fake Hero--------9

Chapter Two.
Satan and the Diabolical Desire---------- 31

Chapter Three.
The Cause of the Corruption and
the Introspection on the Fall----51

Conclusion -------------76

Works Cited ------------79

Works Cited
Addison, Joseph. “Spectator 297. Gordon Teskey 379-80.

Blackburn, Thomas. “Uncloister’d Virtue: Adam and Eve in Milton’s Paradise Lost. Martin J. Evans 363-81.

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. “Lectures 1808-1819 on Literature. Gordon Teskey 390-91.

Davies, Stevie. Images of Kingship in Paradise Lost: Milton's Politics and Christian Liberty.Columbia: U of Missouri P, 1983. Print.

Damrosch, Leopold. God's Plot & Man's Stories: Studies in the Fictional Imagination from Milton to Fielding.Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1985. Print.

Edwards, Karen L. Milton and the Natural World: Science and Poetry in Paradise Lost. U K: U of Cambridge P,1999. Print.

Empson, William. “Satan. Gordon Teskey 417-20.

Evans, J. Martin. Milton's Imperial Epic: Paradise Lost and
the Discourse of Colonialism. Ithaca: U of Cornell P,1996. Print.

---, ed. John Milton: Twentieth Century Perspectives. 5 vols. By John Milton 1667. NewYork: Routledge, 2003. Print.

Festa, Thomas. The End of Learning: Milton and Education. New York: Routledge, 2006. Print.

Fish, Stanley. “Not So Much a Teaching as An Intangling. Gordon Teskey 542-45.

Flesch, William. “The Majesty of Darkness: Idol and Image in Milton. Gordon Teskey 425-27.

Frye, Northrop. “Children of God and Nature. Gordon Teskey 458-65.

Gregerson, Linda. The Reformation of Subject: Spenser, Milton and the English Protestant Epic. Cambridge: U of Cambridge P, 1995. Print.

Gross, Kenneth. “Satan and the Romantic Satan: A Notebook. Gordon Teskey 420-24.

Hughes, Merritt Y., ed. Complete Poems and Major Prose. By John Milton 1667. New York: The Odyssey, 1957. Print.

Hugo, Victor. “Cromwell: Act 3. Trans. Gordon Teskey. Gordon Teskey 379.

Johnson, Samuel. “Lives of the English Poets. Gordon Teskey 384-85.

Lewalski, Barbara Kiefer. The Life of John Milton: A Critical Biography. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000. Print.

---. “Paradise Lost and Milton’s Politics. Martin J. Evans 213-40.

Lewis, C. S. “Satan. Gordon Teskey 401-07.

---. A preface to Paradise Lost. London: Oxford UP, 1942. Print.

---. “The Fall. Gordon Teskey 453-55.

Landor, Walter Savage. “Imaginary Conversations. Gordon Teskey 395-96.

Nicolson, Marjorie Hope. A Reader's Guide to John Milton. New York: Syracuse UP, 1963. Print.

Poole, William. Milton and the Idea of the Fall. New York: Cambridge UP, 2005. Print.

Rajan, Balachandra. “The Problem of Satan. Gordon Teskey 401-13.

Schwartz, Regina M. “ ‘Yet Once More’: Re-creation, Repetition, and Return. Gordon Teskey 427-36.


Shelly, Percy Bysshe. “The Preface to Prometheus Unbound. Gordon Teskey 393.

---. “A Defence of Poetry. Gordon Teskey 394-95.

Stevens, Paul. “Paradise Lost and the Colonial Imperative. Martin J. Evans 193-211.

Teskey, Gordon, ed. Paradise Lost: Authoritative Text, Sources and Backgrounds, Criticism. By John Milton 1667. New York: Norton, 2005. Print.

Tillyard, E. M. W. “Paradise Lost: The Conscious Meaning and The Unconscious Meaning. Gordon Teskey 449-52.

---. “Paradise Lost: Possible Inconsistency. Gordon Teskey 534-35.

Toynbee, Arnold Joseph, and Ikeda, Daisaku. Choose Life: A Dialogue. Ed. Richard L. Gage. New York: I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd, 2007. Print.

Waldock, A. J. A. “Satan and the Technique of Degradation. Gordon Teskey 413-17.

---. “The Fall. Gordon Teskey 455-58.

---. “The Poet and the Theme. Gordon Teskey 538-42.
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