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研究生:郭沐錫
研究生(外文):Mu-HsiKuo
論文名稱:搭配磁碟預取與快取機制之省電感知工作排程器設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of an Energy Aware Task Scheduler Cooperating with Disk Prefetching and Caching
指導教授:張大緯
指導教授(外文):Da-Wei Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:41
中文關鍵詞:完全公平工作排程器CPU 工作排程器預取與暫存硬碟省電待機狀態
外文關鍵詞:CFSCPU schedulerprefetching and cachingdiskenergy savingstandby mode
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近年來由於隨著科技的進步和行動裝置的普及,省電的議題已經成為系統開發過程中一個重要的議題。先前有學者利用硬碟預取與暫存的機制來產生較長的時間間隔讓硬碟轉換至低功率模式來為系統省電,但是此研究卻沒有將多工作環境中的工作排程器考慮進去。雖然現今的工作排程器的目標是讓所有的工作公平地使用相同的中央處理器時間,卻傾向讓I/O 密集的工作有較高的優先權,此現象可能造成加速記憶體中資料的消耗速度,而沒辦法有效率地幫使用預取與暫存的系統為硬碟省電。
這篇論文主要的貢獻為以預取和暫存為基礎提出一個可以更有效率地為硬碟省電感知工作排程器。此工作排程器會在不同的條件底下會挑選適當的行程來執行並試著延長硬碟在低功率狀態下的時間。根據實驗結果可以得知省電感知工作排程器相較於現今電腦系統預設的完全公平工作排程器能更有效率地省電。實驗數據表示當系統使用預取與暫存時,省電感知工作排程器相較於完全公平工作排程器可以為硬碟省下一成左右的能源。
In recent years, power consumption had become an important issue in system development. Previous studies had used prefetching and caching to create large time interval for disk to stay in low power mode to save energy for system. However, it did not take task scheduler into consideration under multi-process environment. Although modern task scheduler aim to let every process share CPU time fairly, it tend to let I/O bound process has higher priority which may increase data consumption and decrease disk idle interval.
The contribution of this study is that we proposed and implemented a task scheduler to insist system with prefetching and caching to save energy more efficiently for disk device. Our proposed task scheduler ES will try to schedule appropriate process through different condition to extend disk idle interval. The experiment shows that ES can help the system with prefetching and caching to save energy more efficient than CFS. The experiment result presents that ES can spend less about 10% energy compared to CFS and help disk save power more efficiently.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
Contents v
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Background and Related Work 3
2.1 Disk Power Mode and Break-Even Time 3
2.2 Threshold Policy 4
2.3 Prefetching and Caching 5
2.4 External Cache Device 6
2.5 Data Migration across Devices 7
2.5.1 Write Off-Loading 7
2.5.2 RAID (redundant array of inexpensive disks) 7
2.6 FS2 & ISRA 8
Chapter 3 Motivation 10
Chapter 4 System Design and Implementation 15
4.1 Simulator Architecture 15
4.2 Disk Energy Aware Schedule 18
4.2.1 Scheduler for disk in active mode 19
4.2.2 Scheduler for disk in standby mode 21
Chapter 5 Experiment and Evaluation 24
5.1 Experiment Setup 24
5.2 Power Consumption Evaluation 28
5.3 System Performance Evaluation 31
5.4 Memory Configuration 34
Chapter 6 Conclusion 37
Reference 38
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