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研究生:葉啟祥
研究生(外文):Chi-ShungYeih
論文名稱:多模波導絕熱模態轉換之捷徑分析
論文名稱(外文):Shortcut to Adiabatic Mode Conversion Based on CGPH in Multimode Waveguide
指導教授:曾碩彥曾碩彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shuo-Yen Tseng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:光電科學與工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:模態轉換器絕熱模態轉換器受激拉曼絕熱過程耦合理論絕熱過程之捷徑
外文關鍵詞:Mode converterAdiabatic mode converterStimulated Raman adiabatic passageCoupled mode theoryShortcut to adiabaticity
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近期,絕熱轉換的捷徑理論已開始被提出並研究。這種結構,可以有效縮短以受激拉曼絕熱轉換所設計的模態轉換器長度,而最短距離可縮短至4 mm,且此裝置對波長有很好的容忍度。除此之外,我們利用直接耦合的概念去計算折射變化率及耦合係數的關係,透過此關係,可以利用光柵的折射變化率來找到耦合理論上的耦合係數,進而利用耦合理論來預測模態轉換器的結果。
Shortcut to adiabatic mode conversion in multimode waveguide is investigated. By using the shortcut scheme, the device length of adiabatic mode converter which is designed by stimulated Raman adiabatic passage is reduced. The shortest length of the device is 4 mm. Moreover, the device has a broad bandwidth. On the other hand, we use the condirecional coupler to calculate the relationship between the modulation of the refractive index and the coupling coefficient, so we can use the modulation of the refractive index on the gratings to find the coupling coefficient of coupled mode equation. Then we can use the result of coupled mode equation to predict the result of the mode converter.
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中文摘要………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………I
Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………II
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………………………………………………………III
List of figures……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………VI
Chapter 1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………………1
Chapter 2 Theory of Multimode Waveguides………………………………………………3
2.1 Wave equation for electric field in optical waveguide …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3
2.2 Effective index method……………………………………………………………………………………7
2.3 Coupled Mode Theory ………………………………………………………………………………………11
2.4 Codirectional coupling condition………………………………………………………13
Chapter 3 Analogies between Waveguide Optics and Quantum Theory………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15
3.1 Schematic of the optical ridge waveguide used for simulation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15
3.2 Equation for shortcut to adiabatic passage in quantum theory………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………17
3.2.1 Adiabatic passage in quantum theory…………………………………………17
3.2.2 General transitionless tracking algorithm…………………………18
3.3 Shortcut to adiabatic passage in two- and three-level atoms…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………21
3.3.1 Rapid adiabatic passage…………………………………………………………………………21
3.3.2 Stimulated Raman adiabatic passage (STIRAP)……………………26
3.4 Similarity between the waveguide optics and quantum theory………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………31
3.4.1 Two modes converter……………………………………………………………………………………31
3.4.2 Three modes converter………………………………………………………………………………36
Chapter4 Beam Propagation Method Simulation Results and Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………40
4.1 The relationship between the coupling coefficient and the modulation of refractive index……………………………………………………………40
4.1.1 Equation for test the scheme……………………………………………………………40
4.1.2 Coupling coefficient of mode1 transferring to mode2 at the central wavelength 1.55 μm………………………………………………………………………41
4.1.3 Coupling coefficient of mode2 transferring to mode3 at the central wavelength 1.55 μm………………………………………………………………………44
4.1.4 Coupling coefficient of mode1 transferring to mode3 at the central wavelength 1.55 μm………………………………………………………………………46
4.2 Three modes converter………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………49
4.2.1 Mode1 transfer to mode3 at the central wavelength 1.55 μm…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………49
4.2.2 Shortest converter length …………………………………………………………………56
4.2.3 Bandwidth analysis of the SHAPE scheme…………………………………57
Chapter5 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………60
Reference………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………62
Appendix…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………64
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