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研究生:陳怡如
研究生(外文):Yi-Ju,Chen
論文名稱:以精實管理及模擬最佳化求解高科技廠建廠施工人力數量問題
論文名稱(外文):The use of lean management and simulation optimization in solving the high-tech factory construction project staffing problem
指導教授:楊大和楊大和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ta-Ho Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:製造資訊與系統研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:精實管理精實營建模擬最佳化
外文關鍵詞:Lean managementLean constructionSimulation optimization
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:9
  • 點閱點閱:437
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:149
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
營造業為國家經濟建設重要的一環,與國計民生關係密切,同時也牽連著相關產業之發展,素有「火車頭工業」之稱。本研究的案例公司屬於綜合營造業,業務描述為綜理營繕工程施工及管理等整體性工作之廠商,處理之業務為整體性的工程,業界將此稱為「統包工程」,需負責其人力、設備或設計等事項。
案例公司之工程進度常不如預期,因此趕工計畫為施工流程當中必要的項目之一。而本研究將發展演算法,以模擬最佳化方式找出最佳的趕工計畫(人力數量、加班時間),以符合最小成本及在交期內完成專案,減少以往趕工計畫所帶來的成本浪費或資源的浪費,導入精實改善,探討人力成本之變化。
本研究提出兩種情境模式,其一為里程碑檢驗,其二為兩天一次進度檢驗。兩種情境皆有優缺點,且優勢的地方不同。但共通的是,由於有最佳化增加人力數量及進度檢驗,可使得完工時間皆在規劃時程內甚至更短,總成本也較現況低,里程碑檢驗成本降低10%,而兩天一次進度檢驗成本則降低8.58%,服務水準提高且能在業界當中締造良好口碑,以利日後企業發展。另外,若依照不同的完工期限制,可配置更多適當的人力數量或是加班時間來縮短工期,倘若提早完工有績優獎金可提領,則可增加案例公司的額外收入。

The construction industry is one of the important parts of national economic and close to the people's livelihood. It underlies the development of related industries, also known as the the locomotive industry. The case of this study is a comprehensive construction industry. The description of business is that the company has to manage all the construction working and management related, handle the business for the integrity of the project. Generally, the similar related industries call this turn-key project which will be responsible for manpower, equipment or design matters.
The construction progress of the case company is often unexpected; the crashing plan is necessary which one of the items in the construction process. Therefore, this study will develop algorithms to simulate the best way to find the best crashing plan (number of manpower or overtime), in order to comply with the minimum cost and complete the project before the due date. The main object is to reduce the cost or waste of resources by applying Lean management.
This study proposes two scenarios of progress inspection. The one is progress inspection by the date of milestone, and the other inspection is once two days. The both of scenarios have advantages and disadvantages at the mean time. However, the common way is that the project could be complete in time or even shorter and spend less cost than before by the optimization of number of human resource. By milestone inspection, the total cost is lower compared to the current situation which can reduce by 10%; by once two days inspection, costs are reduced by 8.58%. Both scenarios can increase service level and also create a better reputation in the related industries. In addition, depending on the completion date restrictions, you can configure the appropriate number of human resource or overtime to shorten the construction period. If in the event of early completion could get an extra bonus, this way can help the case company to gain additional income.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iv
目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xi
1. 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究流程圖 4
1.4 研究架構 4
2. 文獻探討 5
2.1 精實管理 5
2.2 專案管理 10
2.3 精實營建 13
2.4 離散事件模擬 15
3. 研究方法 21
3.1 要徑法分析 21
3.2 精實管理導入─應用生產指示看板 26
3.3 建構模擬模式 27
3.4 模擬最佳化 30
3.5 情境及敏感度分析 31
4. 案例分析 33
4.1 案例公司簡介 33
4.2 現況分析 36
4.3 導入精實管理─應用生產指示看板 38
4.4 界定分析範圍 41
4.5 模擬模式建構 41
4.6 模擬最佳化求解 53
4.7 實驗結果與分析 56
4.8 敏感度分析 64
5. 結論與建議 66
5.1 結論 66
5.2 未來研究建議 67
參考文獻 68
附錄A 70


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