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研究生:張繼方
研究生(外文):Chi-FangChang
論文名稱:利用載波頻率偏移頻帶選擇法補償正交分頻多工系統中的非理想效應
論文名稱(外文):Compensation for Non-Ideal Effects in OFDM System by Band-Selective CFO Method
指導教授:郭致宏郭致宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Hung Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電腦與通信工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:正交分頻多工系統載波頻率位移IQ不平衡
外文關鍵詞:Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)Carrier Frequency OffsetIQ Imbalance
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在本論文中,我們考量了兩個正交分頻多工系統中的非理想效應:載波頻率偏移(Carrier Frequency Offset,CFO)與IQ不平衡(IQ imbalance)。此兩種非理想效應都會嚴重的降低系統效能。現有的聯合估測演算法通常需要做迭代運算才能在估測中收斂,或是其計算複雜度相當高。因此,有研究者根據長序文內兩段相同的序列,提出一個以最小平方法(Least Squares method)為基礎的演算法來聯合估測載波頻率偏移與IQ不平衡。不過其演算法在載波頻率偏移小於15 kHz時,對於CFO與IQ imbalance估測具有相當程度的誤差,進而造成位元錯誤率(bit error rate,BER)的提高,因而在本篇論文中,藉著合併長短序文的使用,利用最小平方法與相關器,分別的估測IQ imbalance與CFO,來處理CFO小於15 kHz的情形。模擬證明,當CFO小於15 kHz時,我們的演算法將有效降低位元錯誤率。另外,由於LS-based演算法利用長序文做CFO與IQ不平衡的聯合估測,因此,當CFO超過上下限±156.25 kHz時,對於CFO與IQ不平衡的估測將產生錯誤。在本篇論文中,我們利用短序文實現的聯合估測演算法來處理這個問題,擴大CFO與IQ不平衡的估測範圍。
In this thesis, we consider two non-ideal effects in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system: carrier frequency offset (CFO) and IQ imbalance. Both CFO and IQ imbalance degrade the system performance seriously. Current joint estimation algorithms need iterations to converge in the estimation, or their computational complexity are considerably high. As a result, researchers proposed a LS-based method to estimate both CFO and IQ imbalance based on the two identical sequences in the preamble. But LS-based method has considerable deviations in estimating CFO and IQ imbalance while actual CFO is below 15 kHz, therefore it will increase the bit error rate. In this thesis, we deal with this problem by using correlator and least squares method to estimate CFO and IQ imbalance separately. Besides, LS-based method uses long preamble to joint estimate CFO and IQ imbalance. Therefore, while CFO is beyond ±156.25 kHz, the joint estimation will be inaccurate. In this thesis we also deal with this problem by short preambles, and the range of joint estimation can be extended.
目錄
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究貢獻 2
1-3 論文架構 3
第二章 研究背景 4
2-1 無線通訊系統簡介 4
2-2 類比前端簡介 6
2-3 正交分頻多工調變 7
2-3-1 正交分頻多工數學模型 8
2-3-2 保護區間與循環字首 10
2-3-3 正交分頻多工系統優缺點 11
2-4 非理想效應介紹 11
2-4-1 載波頻率偏移 12
2-4-2 IQ不平衡 13
2-4-3 802.11a之序文架構 15
2-4-4 非理想效應之數學模型 17
2-5 現有估測演算法之發展與介紹 17
2-5-1 EM演算法介紹 18
2-5-2 LS聯合估測演算法介紹 22
2-5-3 LS聯合估測演算法的限制 24
第三章 分頻聯合估測演算法 27
3-1 分區CFO粗估與判斷 27
3-1-1. 中高頻區分界判斷法 29
3-1-2. 中低頻區分界 30
3-2 分頻聯合估測演算法 34
3-2-1. 低頻區演算法 34
3-2-2. 中高頻區演算法 34
3-3 分頻聯合估測演算法流程圖 35
3-4 載波頻率偏移與IQ不平衡的補償 38
第四章 分頻聯合估測演算法模擬結果與分析 41
4-1 各種演算法之比較 41
4-2 Variant SNR 44
4-3 Variant IQ imbalance 47
4-4 Variant CFO 49
4-5 BER VS SNR 51
4-6 BER VS CFO 53
4-7 複雜度分析 55
第五章 結論與未來展望 59
5-1 結論 59
5-2 未來展望 60
參考文獻 61

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