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研究生:鄧惟心
研究生(外文):Deng, Wei-Shin
論文名稱:監視與創傷: 以威廉.吉布森《神經漫遊者》與《模式辨認》為例
論文名稱(外文):Surveillance and Trauma in William Gibson’s Neuromancer and Pattern Recognition
指導教授:王惠茹王惠茹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Huei ju
口試委員:李政展林建光
口試委員(外文):Cheng-chan, LeeJiann-guang, Lin
口試日期:2013-07-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:威廉.吉布森《神經漫遊者》《模式辨認》監視創傷
外文關鍵詞:William GibsonNeuromancerPattern RecognitionSurveillanceTrauma
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本論文旨在審視威廉.吉布森 (William Gibson) 的兩本小說—《神經漫遊者》(Neuromancer) 和《模式辨認》(Pattern Recognition) 當中較不明顯卻舉足輕重的兩項要素:監視和創傷。
早在1980年代,吉布森已預見初萌芽的資訊科技將對傳統監視和權力階級有所影響。因此以近未來為時間背景的《神經漫遊者》可以找到傅柯 (Michel Foucault) 和歐威爾(George Orwell) 所持的傳統中央集權概念式的監視和權力關係,也同時有以一夫當關之姿的駭客利用電腦空間和駭取技術在顛覆傳統。在後911現實世界為故事背景的《模式辨認》更突顯出,監視到了現在不單只是「視」,更是「蒐集資訊」。海格替 (Kevin D. Haggerty) 和艾力克森 (Richard V. Ericson) 以德勒茲 (Gilles Deleuze) 和瓜塔里 (Félix Guattari) 的去疆域化 (deterritorialization) 及再疆域化 (reterritorialization) 等概念為出發點,發展出監視者聚集 (surveillant assemblage) 和塊莖監視 (rhizomatic surveillance)概念便用於解釋小說當中以網際網路結合資訊科技為媒介的全面性監視,早已是全民皆可惟,並模糊了現今私人領域和公共領域的邊界。而在這兩本小說當中,被監視的角色們還有著共通點。他們發現自己被監視時,除了在情緒上感到隱私被侵犯的不悅之外,同時挑起他們的心理創傷回憶,造成精神上不穩定進而影響他們的人際關係。在創傷一章,沿用卡露絲 (Cathy Caruth) 以創傷為開口的概念和海爾絲 (Katherine Hayles) 的 trauma of codes探討這些角色是如何在面對心裡創傷的同時修復自身對現實的連結及人際關係。

This thesis aims to highlight two obscure themes, surveillance and trauma as depicted in William Gibson’s Neuromancer (1984) and Pattern Recognition (2003). We are now living in the War on Terror since September 11th, 2001; however, Terror is not the only affects emerged from the ruins and ashes of the World Trade Center. By comparing the two novels with different time backgrounds, we can figure out how Gibson had focused on the two themes since the 1980s and represented them differently.
In the chapter of surveillance, ideas of Michel Foucault’s panopticonism and George Orwell’s Big Brother surveillance are introduced to investigate traditional surveillance and hierarchal power relationship among the characters in Neuromancer; meanwhile, Kevin D. Haggerty and Richard V. Ericson’s concepts of “surveillant assemblage” and “rhizomatic surveillance” are appropriate to analyze the Internet surveillance and data-collecting surveillance as practiced in Pattern Recogntion. In both novels, surveillance abuses trigger the characters to perform trauma symptoms. In the chapter of trauma, Cathy Caruth’s notion that “trauma is the story of a wound that cries out” and Katherine Hayles’ “trauma of codes” are used to explores how the characters deal and compromise with their traumatic past meanwhile fixing their relationship with the reality and the other human.

Table of Contents
Introduction 1
Chapter I: Culture of Suspicion: Surveillance and Social Control 22
Neuromancer: Surveillance and Power before 9/11 24
Surveillance after 9/11: Pattern Recognition 37
Paranoia of the Future, Trauma from the Past 45
Chapter II: Trauma: the Forgotten Hi/Stories Untold 49
Body and Trauma: Neuromancer 53
Past and Trauma: Pattern Recognition 59
Conclusion 70
References and Works Cited 74

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