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研究生:陳弘禾
研究生(外文):Hong-he Chen
論文名稱:公、私部門研發經費對就業的影響---以OECD國家為例 
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Government and Private R&D Expenditure on Employment –The Case of OECD Countries
指導教授:陳忠榮陳忠榮引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:產業經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:OECD公部門研發私部門研發就業
外文關鍵詞:OECDPublic R&DPrivate R&DEmployment
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  本文以OECD的29個會員國,由1981年至2009年的國家層級資料,以System GMM實證探討公部門與私部門研發投入對於就業人數的影響。研究發現公部門研發投入確實正向影響就業。私部門研發投入如同先前文獻的結果,對於就業為正向影響。

  公、私部門研發僅在當期對就業呈現正向影響。私部門研發落後期的負向效果,在落後兩年期內仍然顯著影響就業,但隨著落後項的期間拉長而出現收斂的趨勢。然而,公部門研發落後期的負向效果僅影響一年。

  公部門知識存量對就業的影響,較私部門知識存量對就業的影響大。此結果支持設立公部門研發中心的政策,改善基礎就業環境與整體國家技術水準,避免只補助單一產業。

This paper attempts to quantify the effects of public sector R&D and private sector R&D on employment of 29 OECD member countries over the period from 1981 to 2009. Apply System GMM to estimate the panel of dynamic employment equations. We find that public sector R&D indeed affect employment positively. So does private sector R&D as indicated by the previous literature.

However, public R&D and private R&D positively affect employment in the current period only. The negative effect on employment of lagged private R&D is significant over the last 2 years, but it converges over time. While the negative effect of lagged public R&D only last one period.

As for the employment effect of R&D stock, public sector reveals greater influence than the private sector. This result supports the policy of establishing public R&D centers, rather than granting R&D resources to a single industry, to improve basic employment environment and national technical standards.

第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
 2.1 科技創新對就業的理論--Marx「補償理論」 3
 2.2 科技創新對就業的實證研究 5
 2.3 公、私兩部門研發的互動關係研究 7
第三章 資料說明與研究方法 10
 3.1 模型概況與資料說明 10
 3.2 OECD國家概況 15
 3.3 實證分析方法 44
第四章 實證結果 48
 4.1 Panel單根檢定 48
 4.2 迴歸結果分析 51
 4.3 公、私部門研發經費落後期影響分析 55
 4.4 資本與公、私部門研發存量化迴歸結果分析 57
第五章 結論 60
參考文獻 61

 中文部分:
行政院國家科學委員會(2004)。中華民國科學技術白皮書(民國92年至95年)
行政院國家科學委員會(2007)。中華民國科學技術白皮書(民國96年至99年)
行政院國家科學委員會(2010)。中華民國科學技術白皮書(民國100年至103年)
行政院國家科學委員會(1994)。科技統計名詞定義手冊
張朝欽(2008)。政府支援企業研發之政策工具國際比較。科技發展政策報導,20-52。

 英文部分:
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