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研究生:宋昱辰
研究生(外文):Yu-chen Song
論文名稱:支援合作創題的閱讀素養之評量平台
論文名稱(外文):A computer supported collaborative writing system to reading competence assessment production
指導教授:陳國棟陳國棟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Gwo-dong Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:電腦支援協同工作超文本創作合作寫作
外文關鍵詞:CSCWHypertext authoringCollaborative Writing
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目前多元評量的評量方式在於評量學生的閱讀素養、數學素養以及科學素養的部分,在試題的創作方面,目前很少有一個專門提供多元評量的共同創題平台來幫助老師們共同合作討論及創題,在共同合作的環境下,老師們不知道如何去分工、不清楚如何用有效率的創題方法,因此,本研究的目標在於解決老師們在合作創作閱讀素養題時所遇到的上述困難,將一套現有的合作寫作流程改進成本研究的合作創題流程來讓老師可以有架構性的出題、達到有效的分工以及能夠清楚的掌握出題的進度,並且說明經由我們的系統是否有讓老師們花比較少的時間出題,以及是否經由我們的系統出題品質有比較好。
本研究採用HCI人機互動(Human Computer Interaction)理論來分析老師們目前在現有的社群平台進行合作創作閱讀素養題時所遭遇到的問題,將遭遇到的問題提供一個有效的解決方案。在本研究的系統上可以幫助老師們快速的找到資料以及整理資料,透過樹狀圖的方式掌握合作創題的進度以及讓老師可以進行協同合作模式來提升出題的效率。而為了評估這樣的合作創題模式是否能夠真的達到我們的目標,我們與十位國中老師進行為期三個月的閱讀素養創題活動,並且在最後我們用一份問卷來調查老師們在這期間合作創題的感受、滿意度以及意見,也透過訪談的方式來讓我們了解整體系統的功能並進行評估。此外,我們也比較系統與目前老師們有在使用的合作創題的平台以及一些熱門的網站,分析並比較在我們系統上的優勢及弱勢。在最後,我們將歸納出我們的結論。
Currently, the multiple evaluation have supported reading literacy, mathematics literacy and science literacy, but few website focus on the create subject and help teacher to collaborative writing. In the collaborative environment, teachers don’t know how to divide the work and not clear how to use efficiency of method to create subject. Therefore, our goal is given teacher a solution which can solve above-mentioned problems and we modify existing collaborative writing process to suitable innovate subject condition. The process can let teacher to co-work, be structure innovate, achieve divide the work and grasp the innovate subject progress.
We apply the HCI (Human Computer Interaction) theorem to analysis teachers they receive the problems in the social website when they are collaborative innovating and we give them the efficiency solution. In our system, it can help teachers to find data quick, sort out data and through the tree structure to grasp collaborative progress. To evaluate this collaborative mode is good or not, we work with ten junior high school teachers and participate reading literacy innovate activities for three months. Finally, we use questionnaire to investigate teacher’s feeling, satisfaction, suggestion and we also interview teachers to understand our system design is good for them or not. In addition, we also compared with the current website the teachers have already used and we analysis these website the advantage and disadvantage. In the last one, we will summarize our conclusions.
目錄
中文摘要 ................................................................................................................................ i
Abstract ................................................................................................................................. ii
誌謝 ...................................................................................................................................... iii
目錄 ................................................................................................................ iv
圖目錄 ................................................................................................................. v
表目錄 ................................................................................................................ vi
一、 緒論 ....................................................................................................................... 1
1-1 研究背景................................................................................................................ 1
1-2 研究動機................................................................................................................ 5
1-3 研究目標................................................................................................................ 5
1-4 問題與對策 ............................................................................................................ 6
1-5 論文架構................................................................................................................ 7
二、 相關研究理論 ........................................................................................................ 9
2-1 電腦支援協同工作(Computer-supported cooperative work) .................................. 9
2-2 合作寫作(Collaborative/Cooperative writing) .......................................... 11
2-3 討論區(Discussion board/Online forum) ...................................................... 14
2-4 案例式推理(Case-based reasoning) ...................................................................... 15
三、 人機互動分析 ...................................................................................................... 17
3-1 使用者角色(Personas) ......................................................................................... 17
3-2 任務分析(Task analysis) ...................................................................................... 20
3-3 情境探索(Contextual inquiry) .............................................................................. 25
3-4 設計目標(Design goal)......................................................................................... 28
四、 系統設計與實作 .................................................................................................. 30
4-1 系統架構.............................................................................................................. 30
4-2 共同協同出題流程 .............................................................................................. 36
4-3 建立知識架構 ...................................................................................................... 39
五、 系統評估與討論 .................................................................................................. 41
5-1 使用者背景調查 .................................................................................................. 41
5-1-1 系統使用對象 .............................................................................................. 41
5-1-2 試題的文本教材 .......................................................................................... 41 viii
5-1-3 合作環境 ...................................................................................................... 41
5-2 使用者訪談 .......................................................................................................... 42
5-3 系統比較與分析 .................................................................................................. 46
5-4 評估結果與討論 .................................................................................................. 49
5-4-1 評估問卷與問卷結果 ................................................................................... 49
5-4-2 評估結果討論 .............................................................................................. 51
六、 結論與未來研究 .................................................................................................. 53
6-1 結論 ..................................................................................................................... 53
6-2 未來研究.............................................................................................................. 53
參考文獻 ............................................................................................................... 55
附錄一 ............................................................................................................... 59
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