(3.227.235.183) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/17 09:49
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳忞慶
研究生(外文):Min-Ching Chen
論文名稱:適用於下世代無線區域網路多輸入多輸出正交分頻多工系統之有限通道回傳方案
論文名稱(外文):A Finite Channel Feedback Scheme of MIMO-OFDM Systems for Next Generation WLAN
指導教授:蔡佩芸
指導教授(外文):Pei-Yun Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:多輸入輸出正交分頻多工有限通道回傳通道資訊量化多輸入輸出前編碼QR分解CORDIC除法器
外文關鍵詞:Raised-cosine FilterRaised-cosine InterpolatorChannel State InformationMIMO precodingQR decompositionTomlinson-Harashima PrecodingPower AllocationFinite Channel Feedback
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:215
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:21
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
我們設計一個適用於室內之高生產量的4x4多輸入輸出正交分頻多工調變的無線通訊傳輸系統之通道回傳方案,並將其硬體設計完成。此無線通訊系統傳送機與接收機星座圖對應可支援到16QAM,多輸入輸出系統支援到4根傳送天線對應4根接收天線。此無線收發機可以支援三種不同子載波數的正交分頻多工調變系統分別對應到128、256與512個子載波模組。我們將原本需要回傳4x4x512個通道資訊壓縮至4x4x120個通道資訊,約為原來的20%。在通道回授模組設計中,我們採用對訊號使用Raised-Cosine濾波器過濾,可以有效抑制雜訊對系統效能的影響,在頻域上針對數位訊號使用Raised-Cosine係數與訊號做摺積(Convolution)。量化的部分我們針對802.11ac的架構將原本矩陣回傳的方式修改為以頻域方向的回傳,利用通道的相關性來進行Encoding可以提升分組方式的效能。在傳送機端我們先將原本Encoding後的通道資訊decoding回原來的資訊,再利用這些資訊使用內插器還原至原本需要的4x4x512個通道資訊。另外,這套通道回傳系統的效能,將直接影響傳送機使用排序後QR分解加上THP的precoding架構的效能。在硬體設計上我們考量到利用次取樣特性降低接收端(使用者端)複雜度,改變802.11ac規格之回傳編碼分組方式增加回傳效能,以及利用共用記憶體降低記憶體配置,我們設計的通道回傳方式可以在多輸入輸出系統在系統模擬上得到良好的效能。
Channel feedback reduction and channel interpolation of a precoded MIMO-OFDM baseband transceiver for indoor high-throughput wireless communication systems is presented. It is important to keep the quality of channel estimation but reduce the channel feedback overhead in precoded MIMO-OFDM systems. This system uses 16-QAM constellation and spatial multiplexing up to four antennas. We use the Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) to get rid of interference at the transmitter. The performance of THP highly depends on on the accuracy of channel estimates. Thus, channel feedback encoding quantization is employed together with subsampling of the channel state information among the total transmission band. The transmitter then reconstructs the channel state information by frequency-domain interpolation. Simulation results show that improvement of channel feedback encoding and a sub-sampling ratio of 1/4 can approach the BER performance with perfect channel feedback. In hardware design, we use sub-sampling technology to reduces the complexity of the transceiver, provement encoding of 802.11ac specifications to increase the channel feedback performance, and reduce the memory allocation by sharing memory.
目錄 iii
圖示目錄 vi
表格目錄 ix

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 簡介 1
1.2 動機 1
1.3 論文組織 2
第二章 多輸入輸出前編碼(MIMO precoding)系統 3
2.1 介紹 3
2.2 802.11ac系統 5
2.3多輸入多輸出前編碼(MIMO precoding)技術 7
2.3.1 QR分解(QR decomposition, QRD) 9
2.3.1.1 Gram-Schmidt Algorithm 10
2.3.1.2 Givens Rotation Algorithm 12
2.3.2 排序QR分解(Sorted QR Decomposition, SQRD) 15
2.3.3 Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding(THP) 17
2.3.4能量分配 (Power Allocation, PAL)機制 19
2.3.4.1 相同率能量分配 (Equal Rate Power Allocation, ER PAL) 20
2.3.4.2 錯誤率最佳化之能量分配 (BER Optimization Power Allocation, BO PAL) 21
2.3.4.3區塊能量分配 (Block-Based Power Allocation) 22
第三章 有限通道資訊回傳(Finite Channel Feedback) 26
3.1 介紹 26
3.2 802.11ac之通道資訊回傳 27
3.3 接收機之通道資訊回傳濾波器 28
3.3.1 Wiener Filter 28
3.3.2 Raised-cosine Filter 30
3.3.2.1 時間平移(Time shift) 34
3.3.2.2 回傳通道次取樣 36
3.4 發送機之通道資訊內插器 36
3.4.1 Cubic Interpolator 38
3.4.2 Raised-cosine Interpolator 39
3.5通道資訊量化 40
3.5.1改良CSI Matrices Feedback Encoding 41
3.5.1.1 CSI Matrices Feedback Encoding 41
3.5.2 CSI Matrices Feedback Decoding 42
3.5.2改良CSI Matrices Feedback Encoding 43
3.5.2.1 改良CSI Matrices Feedback Encoding 44
3.5.2.2 改良CSI Matrices Feedback Decoding 46
3.6 模擬與比較 48
第四章 硬體架構與實現 53
4.1 硬體設計流程 53
4.2 Raised-cosine Filter硬體介紹 54
4.2.1 Raised-cosine 濾波器係數 55
4.3改良Channel State Information(CSI)矩陣回傳硬體介紹 57
4.3.1使用者端之改良CSI Matrices Feedback Encoding硬體 57
4.3.2 AP端之改良CSI Matrices Feedback Decoding硬體 62
4.3.3 CORDIC除法器 64
4.4 Raised-cosine Interpolator硬體介紹 66
4.5硬體複雜度評估 68
4.6硬體Word Length與CORDIC階數 69
4.7記憶體 74
4.8 硬體實現之模擬 77
第五章 結論 83
參考文獻 84

參考文獻
[1] IEEE P802.16e/D5 Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems – Amendment for Physical and Medium Access Control Layers for Combined Fixed and Mobile Operation in Licensed Bands, 2004.
[2] P. L. Chiu, L. Z. Huang, L. W. Chai, and Y. H. Huang, "Interpolation-Based QR Decomposition and Channel Estimation Processor for MIMO-OFDM System, " IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems-I:Regular Papers, VOL. 58, NO. 5, May 2011.
[3] Davide Cescato, and Helmut Bölcskei, "Algorithms for Interpolation-Based QR Decomposition in MIMO-OFDM Systems," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, VOL. 59, NO. 4, Apr. 2011.
[4] William A. Pearlman, and George H. Senge, "Optimal Quantization of the Rayleigh Probability Distribution, " IEEE Transactions on Communications, VOL. COM-27, NO. 1, Jan. 1979.
[5] J. C. Lin, "Design of MU-MIMO Precoding Algorithm and Essential Module," Master Thesis, National Central University, Jun. 2012.
[6] Z. Y. Huang, and P. Y. Tsai, "Efficient Implementation of QR Decomposition for Gigabit MIMO-OFDM Systems," Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2531-2542, Oct. 2011.
[7] D. Wubben, R. Bohnke, J. Rinas,V. Kuhn, and K.D.Kammeyer, "Efficient algorithm for decoding layered spacetime codes," Electronics Letters, vol. 37, no. 22, pp. 1348-1350, Oct. 2001.
[8] M.B. Shenouda and T.N. Davidson, "A framework for designing mimo systems with decision feedback equalization or tomlinson-harashima precoding," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 401-411, Feb. 2008.
[9] N. Wang, and S. D. Blostein, "Approximate Minimum BER Power Allocation for MIMO Spatial Multiplexing Systems," IEEE Transactions Communications, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 180-187, Jan. 2007.
[10] S. Zhou, and G. B. Giannakis, "Adaptive modulation for multi-antenna transmissions with channel mean feedback," in Proc. IEEE ICC, vol. 4, pp. 2281-2285, May 2003.
[11] "IEEE Standard for Information technology– Telecommunications and information exchange between systems Local and metropolitan area networks– Specific requirements Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications, " IEEE Std 802.11-2012, 2012.
[12] Saeed V. Vaseghi, "Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction," John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ, England, 2006.
[13] P. Y. Tsai, and T. D. Chiueh, "Adaptive Raised-Cosine Channel Interpolation for Pilot-Aided OFDM Systems," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 8, no. 2, Feb. 2009.
[14] P. Y. Tsai, and T. D. Chiueh, "A Low-Power Multicarrier-CDMA Downlink Baseband Receiver for Future Cellular Communication Systems," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems—i: Regular Papers, vol. 54, no. 10, Oct. 2007.
[15] W. J. Jau, Z. Y. Huang, M. Y. Huang, F. J. Shih, M. C. Chen and P. Y. Tsai, "Implementation of a 4x4 MIMO-OFDM Transceiver for Gigabit Indoor Wireless Communications on FPGA Platform," Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan.
[16] L. Erup, F. M. Gardner, and R. A. Harris, "Interpolation in digital modems–part II: implementation and performance," IEEE Transactions Communications, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 998-1008, Jun. 1993.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔