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研究生:李鈺堅
研究生(外文):Yu-Chien Li
論文名稱:蛹蟲草水萃物對肉雞及蛋雞生產性能之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Cordyceps militaris water extract on productive performance in broilers and laying hen
指導教授:鄭永祥鄭永祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeong-Hsiang Cheng
口試委員:梁佑全黃士哲賴裕順
口試日期:2014-01-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立宜蘭大學
系所名稱:生物資源學院碩士在職專班
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:42
中文關鍵詞:蛹蟲草蟲草素白肉雞蛋雞
外文關鍵詞:Cordyceps militariscordycepinbroilerslaying hen
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蛹蟲草 (Cordyceps militaris) 又名北冬蟲夏草,屬於蟲草屬真菌,它在中國傳統的用藥上已被廣泛的使用,為一種珍貴的藥用真菌,其化學成分與藥理作用與冬蟲夏草相似。蛹蟲草發酵產物之二次代謝物–蟲草素 (3’-deoxyadenosine) 具有許多藥理作用,像是抗發炎、抗病毒和免疫調節等功能。
本研究分為兩試驗,試驗一目的為探討蛹蟲草水萃物對白肉雞生長性能之影響,試驗二則探討蛹蟲草水萃物對蛋雞生產性能和雞蛋品質之影響;並探討蛹蟲草水萃物對雞隻新城雞病(ND)、傳染性支氣管炎(IB)、傳染性華氏囊病(IBD)、產蛋下降症(EDS)血清抗體之影響。試驗結果顯示,添加蛹蟲草水萃物於飲水中在 21 日齡與 28 日齡後對白肉雞的生長性能和血清抗體力價並無顯著影響。添加蛹蟲草水萃物於飼料中對蛋雞強制換羽後之產蛋率、蛋重與飼料換蛋率有顯著提升效果,因此蛹蟲草水萃物應用在蛋雞上,可有效增加蛋雞強制換羽後之產蛋性能與雞蛋品質,符合養雞業者飼養上的經濟效益。






Cordyceps militaris is a rare and exotic Chinese medicinal mushroom. This traditional medicine has long been used by Chinese for thousands of years. Its chemical composition and pharmacological effects were similar to Cordyceps sinensis. Secondary metabolites of biologically active compounds–cordycepin (3’-deoxyadenosine). In recent years, cordycepin has many pharmacological effects, such as anti-fungal, anti-inflammation, anti-virus and immunomodulatory. The study was divided into two experiments. The objective of experiment 1 was to determine the effects of Cordyceps militaris water extract on growth performance in broilers, and experiment 2 was to determine the effects of Cordyceps militaris water extract on production performance and egg quality in laying hen. We also analyzed the effects of Cordyceps militaris water extract on antiserum of Newcastle Disease, Infectious Broncheitis, Infectious Bursal Disease, Egg Drop Syndrome in broilers and laying hen. The results demonstrated that the application of Cordyceps militaris water extract in drinking water after 21 days old and 28 days old could not effects on the growth performance and the antibody titer of serum in broilers. The application of Cordyceps militaris water extract in feed supplemented could increase the laying rate, egg weight and feed conversion ratio after forced moult in laying hen. Cordyceps militaris water extract would have a high potential in feed additives to apply in growth performance and egg quality after forced moult in laying hen. Conforms to the economic efficiency of chicken industry





中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
總目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、前言 1
第二節、蛹蟲草文獻回顧 2
一、蛹蟲草之特性簡介 3
二、蛹蟲草之生理活性功能 8
三、蛹蟲草之人工培養方法 12
第二章、蛹蟲草水萃物飲用水對白肉雞飼養停藥後之影響 14
第一節、實驗目的 14
第二節、實驗方法 14
一、實驗動物 14
二、實驗設計 14
三、蛹蟲草水萃物飲用水對白肉雞停藥後生長性能評估 15
四、蛹蟲草水萃物飲用水對白肉雞停藥後血清中新城雞病 (ND)、傳染性支氣管炎 (IB) 及傳染性華氏囊炎 (IBD) 抗體力價分析 15
五、統計分析 15
第三節、實驗結果與討論 16
一、蛹蟲草水萃物飲用水對白肉雞停藥後生長性能之影響 16
二、蛹蟲草水萃物飲用水對白肉雞停藥後血清中新城雞病 (ND)、傳染性支氣管炎 (IB) 及傳染性華氏囊炎 (IBD) 抗體力價之影響 16
第四節、結論 17
第五節、圖表 18
第三章、蛹蟲草水萃物對蛋雞產蛋性能和雞蛋品質之影響 21
第一節、實驗目的 21
第二節、實驗方法 21
一、實驗動物 21
二、實驗設計 21
三、飼料中添加蛹蟲草水萃物對蛋雞產蛋性能與品質分析 21
四、飼料中添加蛹蟲草水萃物對蛋雞血清中新城雞病 (ND)、傳染性支氣管炎 (IB) 及產蛋下降症 (EDS) 抗體力價分析 22
五、統計分析 22
第三節、實驗結果與討論 23
一、飼料中添加蛹蟲草水萃物對蛋雞產蛋性能與品質之影響 23
二、飼料中添加蛹蟲草水萃物對蛋雞血清中新城雞病 (ND)、傳染性支氣管炎 (IB) 及產蛋下降症 (EDS)抗體力價之影響 24
第四節、結論 25
第五節、圖表 26
第四章、參考文獻 32
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