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研究生(外文):Jheng-Ping Sie
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Pozzolanic Characteristics of Waste Glass from Optoelectronic Industry
指導教授(外文):Kae-Long Lin
口試委員(外文):Kuen-Sheng WangChao-Lung HwangTa-Wui Cheng
外文關鍵詞:Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal DisplaySolar PanelSupplementary Cementitious MaterialOptoelectronic Industrywater-to-binderRegression Analysispozzolanic reaction
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本研究係利用TFT-LCD廢玻璃與太陽能板廢玻璃添加於水泥中作為輔助性膠結材料,以取代量 (0-40%)、於不同水膠比 (0.29-0.55)來製備漿體,利用初終凝時間、抗壓強度、孔隙結構、膠體空間比及非蒸發含水量來探討不同水化參數對於廢玻璃漿體的影響及相關性。廢玻璃漿體之微觀分析,則輔以XRD、FTIR、MIP、SEM及NMR來探討晶相物種、鍵結形式、孔隙大小及水化產物的變化,藉此評估TFT-LCD與太陽能板廢玻璃漿體之卜作嵐反應特性。結果顯示,TFT-LCD與太陽能板廢玻璃漿體在低水膠比 (0.29-0.38)和低取代量 (10-20%)時其抗壓強度發展良好,經鹼活化所產生的C-S-H膠體與C-A-H等水化產物,致使其晚期強度發展。TFT-LCD廢玻璃及太陽能板廢玻璃漿體於低水膠比為0.29與0.38時,孔隙大小隨著齡期的推移有明顯趨向膠孔 (<0.01 μm)移動。另外,經迴歸分析得知,毛孔與總孔對抗壓強度均呈負相關;膠體空間比及非蒸發含水量對抗壓強度之迴歸,呈現對數關係且存在高度相關性,R2皆為0.8以上。XRD與FTIR分析可發現卜作嵐水化產物如C-S-H、C-A-H及C-A-S-H的晶相。SEM觀察發現,TFT-LCD廢玻璃及太陽能面板廢玻璃漿體,係因卜作嵐反應進行,致使晚期結構逐漸緻密化。NMR分析結果,TFT-LCD廢玻璃及太陽能面板廢玻璃漿體之水化反應皆隨齡期而增加,且可以發現Q0峰會逐漸減少,而可代表水化產物之Q1與Q2峰則會隨之增加,係因水泥漿體中矽酸鈣之單矽酸根逐漸轉變為高濃縮之C-S-H膠體所貢獻,結果顯示,光電產業廢玻璃具作為卜作嵐材料之潛力。
This study investigated the pozzolanic reactions and engineering properties of waste film transistor liquid crystal displays (TFT-LCD) and solar panel waste glass -blended cements in relation to various replacement ratios (0–40%) and water-to-binder ratio (0.29-0.55). The waste glass blended cement (WGBC) pastes were subjected to setting time, compressive strength, pore structure, gel/space ratio and non-evaporable water content tests were also conducted. The microstructure of all samples was determined using XRD、FTIR、MIP、SEM and NMR. The goal of this study is to elucidate the pozzolanic characteristics of WGBC pastes containing waste glass when it is alkaline-activated, and to investigate its hydration products. The results indicated the compressive strengths of the WGBC pastes with 10-20% waste glass were was similar to those of OPC when the w/b ratios were 0.29-0.38. When the w/b ratios were 0.29-0.38, the capillary pore volume (<0.01 μm) of WGBC pastes decreased as curing time increased. The equation models variability in compressive strength, indicating a relatively strong correlation between the total pore volume, capillary pore volume, gel/space ratio, non-evaporable water content and compressive strength. The correlation coefficient (R2) is greater than 0.8. The hydration products of WGBC pastes, perhaps because of the initial attack of waste glass, which were involved mainly in the formation of C-S-H, C-A-H, C-A-S-H. This resulted in a very densified and homogeneous system, and a considerable increase in long-term strength. 29Si NMR spectrum indicated as the curing time increased, the relative intensity of the Q0 peak decreased. The Q1 and Q2 peak also increased with curing time. This is linked to an acceleration of the hydration kinetics with curing time, so that the anhydrous species were transformed into calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H). These experimental results indicate using waste glass from optoelectronic industry as supplementary cementitious materials are feasible.
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 XI
第一章 前言 1
1-1 研究緣起 1
1-2 研究內容與目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2-1 TFT-LCD廢玻璃之來源特性與再利用現況 3
2-2 太陽能面板廢玻璃之來源特性與再利用現況 8
2-3 水泥之物化特性 18
2-4 卜作嵐材料之特性與應用 38
第三章 實驗材料與方法 48
3-1 實驗設計 48
3-2 實驗材料與設備 52
3-3 實驗方法 56
第四章 結果與討論 67
4-1 材料之基本特性分析 67
4-2 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之機械特性 73
4-3 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之水化參數分析 80
4-4 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之XRD分析 152
4-5 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之FTIR分析 156
4-6 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之TG/DTA分析 161
4-7 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之NMR分析 165
4-8 光電產業廢玻璃漿體之SEM分析 172
4-9 CO2減量及經濟效益 175
第五章 結論與建議 177
5-1 結論 177
5-2 建議 179
參考文獻 180

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