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研究生:聶杰瑩
研究生(外文):Chieh-Ying Nieh
論文名稱:以科技接受模式探討旅客使用國際機場自動查驗通關系統影響因素之研究─以高雄國際航空站為例
論文名稱(外文):Using Technology Acceptance Model to Explore the Behavioral Intention of Passenger Using E-Gate: Kaohsiung International Airport
指導教授:楊政樺楊政樺引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄餐旅大學
系所名稱:運輸與休閒服務規劃碩士學位學程
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:E-GateTAM服務人員需求知覺風險使用意圖結構方程模式
外文關鍵詞:E-GateTAMneed for interaction with a service employeeperceived riskintentionSEM
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:17
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  • 下載下載:84
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:8
隨全球化潮流,ICAO於2005年起為因應高度成長國際移動人口,要求會員國應於2010年前頒行可供機器判讀的MRP護照,並嵌入非接觸式晶片儲存持照人基本資料及臉部影像及指紋虹膜等生物特徵,藉由無線射頻技術傳遞,海關人員即可快速辨識護照真偽提高通關效率。傳統通關程序皆由人工服務,耗時、人工成本高且易有誤差,隨科技進步,旅行文件電子化,通關程序也走向自助式服務的方式,利用生物特徵驗證或識別方式進行通關查驗,準確性高且節省通關程序時間亦可有效利用人力與空間。近年世界各國相繼設立自動查驗通關系統,臺灣亦於2012年正式啟用E-Gate,唯試用期與正式營運近2年,使用人數仍然偏低。
過去研究證實科技接受模式作為解釋個人使用新科技產品之使用意圖具有良好的代表性,本研究為探究影響旅客使用E-Gate的因素以高雄國際航空站國際線旅客為研究對象佐以科技接受模式為架構基礎,加入服務人員互動需求、知覺風險因素,以結構方程模式分析服務人員互動需求、知覺有用性、知覺易用性、知覺風險、使用態度對使用意圖的影響,並探討構面間相互影響關係。研究結果證實:服務人員互動需求與知覺風險負向影響使用意圖,且服務人員互動需求是影響旅客使用E-Gate的最大影響因素、其次為知覺風險與使用態度,期能幫助管理單位於推廣E-Gate的決策參考。


Due to trade of globalization and the high growth of international population shift, ICAO have agree to issue the machine-readable passports at 2005, and have determined national passports that were to become machine readable no later than 2010. The Customs use E-passports which need to have high-capacity contactless integrated circuit (IC) with passenger’s basic data and facial, iris or fingerprint biometric data, and use RFID technology to deliver information that can rapidly winnow the passports. Traditional customs clearance procedures by the human service is not only time-consuming, labor costs are high and easy to have errors. With the scientific and technological progress, travel documents become using electronic technology, customs clearance procedures also move towards self-service mode which using metric verification or identification for customs inspection with high accuracy and less time also are an effective use of manpower and space. Automated immigration clearance system, which has been deployed widely by airports worldwide, E-Gate in Taiwan also has be officially launched on January 1, 2012. However, a trial period and formal operating for nearly two years, the number of users is still low.
According to past investigation, Technology Acceptance Model has been a popular model in explaining intention to use on people using new technology. This study is to explore factors affect travelers to use the E-Gate, using Kaohsiung International Airport for international travelers as the research object basing, and base on technology Acceptance Model as research framework adding need for interaction with a service employee and perceived risk two factor. The research utilized structure equation modeling to analyze the influence of and the relationship between need for interaction with a service employee, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived risk, attitude on the intention to use E-Gate, and discuss the relationship between those factors. The empirical results show that: need for interaction with a service employee and perceived risk have negative effects on intention, and need for interaction with a service employee is the most importance factor effects intention, the second one is perceived, the third one is attitude.



書名頁 i
論文口試委員審定書 ii
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 iv
目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的 6
第四節 研究範圍與對象 7
第五節 研究內容與流程 7
第二章 文獻回顧 10
第一節 自動查驗通關系統 10
第二節 旅行文件 23
第三節 理性行為理論 26
第四節 科技接受模式 31
第五節 服務人員互動需求 37
第六節 知覺風險 41
第三章 研究方法 48
第一節 研究架構 48
第二節 研究假設 49
第三節 變數的操作性定義與問卷設計 52
第四節 結構方程式模型 60
第五節 問卷發放 63
第四章 資料分析 68
第一節 樣本特性分析 68
第二節 信度與效度分析 76
第三節 結構方程模式分析 85
第五章 結論與建議 92
第一節 研究結論 92
第二節 研究貢獻與管理意涵 97
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 102
參考文獻 104
附錄 117



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