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研究生:王重斌
研究生(外文):Wang Jhongbin
論文名稱:高壓儲氫容器之研究與開發
論文名稱(外文):Research and Development of High Pressure Vessel for Storage of Hydrogen
指導教授:胡惠文
指導教授(外文):Hu Huiwen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:車輛工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:儲氫容器鋁合金內襯TIG銲接T6熱處理纖維纏繞複合材料疊層實驗模態分析水靜壓力測試
外文關鍵詞:pressure vesselaluminum linearTIG weldingT6 heat treatmentfilament windingcomposite laminateexperimental modal analysishydraulic test
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本研究之目的是開發一高壓儲氫容器,適用於氫燃料電池。該容器的設計使用鋁合金內膽和碳纖維纏繞。鋁合金內膽包含筒身以及端蓋透過TIG焊將其結合。由於鋁合金銲接後其強度會大幅下降,因此在銲接後透過T6熱處理補強其強度。硬度以及金相實驗主要目的為檢查銲道品質以及熱處理成效,而外層的纖維纏繞其主要目的為補強整體強度與剛性。+-15°的纏繞主要目的為補強Z方向強度而90°則是補強θ方向強度。在分析方面是使用ANSYS建立有限元模型進行分析,其中所使用之材料機械性質皆是實際透過拉伸實驗取得,最後透過自行設計之纏繞機將纖維纏繞於鋁合金內膽上,完成纏繞後透過模態分析實驗驗證有限元素模型,透過水靜壓力實驗測試壓力容器的最高耐壓,結果顯示試作品II在三次的耐壓實驗中最高壓力達36MPa且並未產生洩漏。
The purpose of this research is to develop a high pressure vessel for the storage of hydrogen for fuel cell. The vessel is designed using aluminum liner and filament winding. Aluminum liner, consists of cylinder and bulkheads, is made by means of TIG welding. It is noted that aluminum welding will sacrifice its strength. Thus, Heat treatment of T6 is used to compensate the strength. Hardness test and metallography are used to inspect the quality of heat treatment. Filament winding is used to reinforce the stiffness and strength of aluminum liner eventually. Fiber-orientation of +-15 degree is adopted for the longitudinal reinforcement of pressure vessel, and 90 degree is for radial reinforcement. A commerical code ANSYS is used to establish the finite element model of pressure vessel and to design the composite laminates. Tensile test is used to obtain the mechanical properties of aluminum and carbon fiber composites. A winding machine is designed to fabricate the pressure vessel. Experiment modal analysis is used to validate the finite element model. Hydraulic test is used to examine the maximum internal pressure of the vessel. Experimental data shows that no leakage occurs in the
pressure vessel at the 36 MPa.

摘 要 I
Abstract II
謝 誌 IV
目 錄 VI
表 目 錄 X
圖 目 錄 XII
第一章 緒論.................................................1
1.1 前言...................................................1
1.2 研究動機................................................3
1.3 文獻回顧................................................5
1.4 全文概述................................................9
第二章 高壓儲氫容器設計與分析..................................10
2.1 高壓儲氫容器設計流程.....................................10
2.2 幾何尺寸設計............................................12
2.3 鋁合金內膽之設計.........................................12
2.3.1 鋁合金內膽與端蓋的銲接方式設計與分析......................13
2.3.2內膽搭接銲與對接銲之製作與檢測............................19
2.4 材料機械性質測試.........................................20
2.4.1 鋁合金材料機械性質測試..................................20
2.4.2 複合材料機械性質測試...................................23
2.4.3常溫熟化環氧樹脂機械性質測試..............................28
2.5 高壓儲氫容器有限元素分析..................................30
2.5.1 元素選用.............................................30
2.5.2 複合材料疊層模擬方法...................................32
2.5.3有限元素模型之建構......................................32
2.5.4 邊界與負載條件........................................34
2.5.5 疊層設計分析結果.......................................36
2.6 Bulkhead 疊層角度探討...................................41
第三章高壓儲氫容器製造與檢測...................................45
3.1 鋁合金內膽試作..........................................45
3.2 鋁合金內膽硬度實驗.......................................47
3.3銲道之金相觀察與微小硬度實驗................................53
3.4 碳纖維纏繞實作..........................................61
第四章 實驗模態分析與模型驗證..................................66
4.1 實驗模態分析............................................66
4.1.1 儀器選用.............................................66
4.1.2 條件及規劃...........................................67
4.1.3 架設與方法...........................................69
4.1.4 模態參數擷取..........................................72
4.2 模型驗證...............................................72
4.2.1 壓力容器結構重量比對...................................72
4.2.2 模態驗證流程..........................................73
4.3 模態參數驗證............................................74
4.3.1 鋁合金內膽模態參數驗證..................................74
4.3.2 複合式結構壓力容器模態參數驗證...........................77
4.3.3複合式結構壓力容器最佳化材料機械性質與模型驗證...............80
第五章 水靜壓力分析與應變測試..................................84
5.1 水靜壓力試驗............................................84
5.1.1 實驗條件.............................................84
5.1.2 實驗架設與方法........................................86
5.2 水靜壓測試與結構應變探討..................................87
5.2.1試作品I水靜壓測試與結構應變探討...........................87
5.2.2 試作品II水靜壓測試與結構應變探討.........................90
5.3 液滲檢測(Penterant Test)...............................94
第六章 結論與建議............................................98
6.1 結論..................................................98
6.2建議...................................................99
參 考 文 獻...............................................101
作 者 簡 介...............................................103

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