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研究生:劉主欣
研究生(外文):Chu-Hsin Liu
論文名稱:餵飼狼尾草及青貯玉米對肉豬生長、血液性狀及廢水處理之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Feeding Napiergrass and Corn Silage on Growth Performances, Blood Traits and Wastewater Treatment of Finishing Pigs
指導教授:謝豪晃謝豪晃引用關係程梅萍程梅萍引用關係
指導教授(外文):How-Hong HsiehMei-Pying Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:動物科學與畜產系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:畜牧學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:青貯玉米料狼尾草廢水處理
外文關鍵詞:Corn SilageNapiergrassWastewater Treatment
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本研究旨在探討以狼尾草及青貯玉米取代部分飼料餵飼肉豬,評估對其廢水處理之影響。試驗採用40頭平均體重80公斤之肉豬,逢機分配至5個處理組,即基礎飼糧組(BD組)、2.5 kg一般飼糧加狼尾草任食組(2.5BDN)、3 kg一般飼糧加狼尾草任食組(3.0BDN)、2.5 kg一般飼糧加青貯玉米任食組(2.5BDC)及3 kg一般飼糧加青貯玉米任食組(3.0BDC)。試驗期間每2週各秤豬隻體重與記錄飼料採食量一次。同時每天收集各處理組之豬隻糞尿,進行模擬之三段式廢水處理,分析項目有原廢水、厭氣水及放流水之pH值、化學需氧量(COD)、生化需氧量(BOD)、懸浮固體量(SS)及沼氣產量。試驗結果顯示,狼尾草具有取代部分飼料,提高肥育期肉豬飼料效率(F/G)之作用,原廢水之COD及BOD在各處理組間無顯著差異,青貯玉米組之厭氣水的COD及BOD含量,均顯著高於BD組(COD為636 vs. 520 mg/L;BOD為178 vs. 129 mg/L)。綜合上述,餵飼狼尾草可降低肥育期肉豬血漿中膽固醇及三酸甘油酯含量,但豬隻的糞尿進入三段式廢水處理系統後,導致活性污泥槽pH降低,SS升高,需再尋求解決的方法。

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of feeding two sources of domestic forage, including napiergrass and corn silage,on growth performances, blood traits and wastewater treatment of finishing pigs. Forty LYD finishing pigs (half barrows and half gilts) at averaging 80 kg BW were randomly assigned to individual pens. The pigs were randomly allotted into five treatments with 8 replications. The 5 treatmental groups were as follow : BD (basal diet ad libitum) (control group), 2.5 kg BD with napiergrass ad libitum (2.5BDN), 3 kg BD with napiergrass ad libitum (3.0BDN), 2.5 kg BD with corn silage ad libitum (2.5BDC), and 3 kg BD with corn silage ad libitum (3.0BDC). All the forages and water were allowed to access ad libitum. Pigs were weighed individually and feed consumption was recorded once every two weeks. The blood samples were collected and analyzed for blood urea nitrogen (BUN), cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations at the beginning and the end of the experiment. The slurry samples of each treatment were collected and conducted to the simulating wastewater treatment facilities. The pH value, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and suspended solid (SS) of the influent and effluent and biogas production were measured weekly. The results showed that feed conversion ratio (F/G) of treatments 2.5BDN and 3.0BDN were significantly improved compared to treatment 3.0BDC, 2.5BDC and control (3.06 and 3.34 vs. 3.69、3.75、3.76) (P < 0.05). At the end of experiment, the BUN of pigs in the control group were significantly higher than in treatments of 3.0BDC, 2.5BDN, 2.5BDC, and 3.0BDN (8.87 vs. 7.51、6.70、6.42、6.12 mg/dL) (P < 0.05). The blood cholesterol content of pigs in the napiergrass ad libitum groups were significantly lower than those in the control and corn silage ad libitum groups (86.61 vs. 96.36、96.10 mg/dL) (P < 0.05). The COD and BOD of influent were not significantly different among five groups, however, the COD and BOD of effluent of the treatment 3.0BDC were significantly higher than those of the control group (COD 636 vs. 520 mg/L; BOD 178 vs. 129 mg/L) (P < 0.05). In conclusion, feeding napiergrass could decrease the blood cholesterol content and triglyceride in pigs, but the feces and urine of pigs conducted to the simulating wastewater treatment facilities caused the pH of the activated sludge tank lower, the SS higher. It is need to find the solvable method.

摘要…………………………………………………………………………….I
Abstract II
謝誌…………………………………………………………………………..IV
目錄…………………………………………………………………………...V
圖表目錄 VII
壹、前言 1
貳、文獻回顧 3
一、狼尾草台畜草3號及玉米青貯之營養成分及特性 3
(一)狼尾草台畜草3號 3
(二)玉米青貯 5
二、飼糧纖維對豬隻生長性能、血液性狀之影響 7
(一)飼糧纖維(dietary fiber)的定義 7
(二)飼糧纖維的分類 9
(三)飼糧纖維的來源與功用 10
(四)飼糧纖維對豬隻生長性能之影響 12
(五)飼糧纖維對豬隻血液性狀之影響 13
三、廢水處理程序概說 16
(一)固液分離 16
(二)厭氣處理原理 18
(三)影響厭氣發酵之因素 21
(四)豬糞尿廢水之特性 24
(五)放流水標準 26
四、廢水好氣處理程序概說 26
(一)好氣處理-活性污泥法之原理 26
(二)活性污泥之特性及處理法 27
(三)影響活性污泥處理功能之環境因子 29
五、本試驗背景-餵飼狼尾草及玉米青貯對豬隻生長及血液性狀之影響 31
(一)試驗動物 31
(二)試驗動物之飼養管理 31
(三)試驗設計 31
(四)採樣處理 34
(五)測定項目及方法 34
(六)統計分析 35
(七)豬隻餵飼狼尾草及玉米青貯對生長及血液性狀之影響 35
參、材料與方法 40
一、豬隻餵飼狼尾草及玉米青貯對廢水處理系統之影響--採樣處理 40
二、測定項目及方法 42
三、統計分析 47
肆、結果與討論 48
餵飼豬隻狼尾草及玉米青貯料對廢水處理系統之影響 48
一、對原廢水的影響 48
二、對厭氣水的影響 50
三、對放流水之影響 53
伍、結論 56
陸、參考文獻 57
柒、附錄 66
作者簡介 70

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