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研究生:林螢
研究生(外文):Ying Lin
論文名稱:開發化學需氧量反應速率法做為廢水來源鑑定之依據
論文名稱(外文):Development of Chemical Oxygen Demand Reaction Rate as a Tracing Method of Wastewater Source
指導教授:黃武章
指導教授(外文):Wu-Jang Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與科學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:化學需氧量密閉式重鉻酸鉀迴流法反應速率法偷排廢水來源鑑定
外文關鍵詞:Chemical oxygen demandClosed dichromate reflow methodThe reaction rateillegal emitted wastewatersource identification.
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由於台灣地小人稠,工廠設立地點通常與人類生活圈毗鄰,因此工廠廢水處理排放若稍有不慎即造成龐大損失,但目前許多台灣廠商為規避廢水處理費用及環保單位稽查,而將工廠內產生的廢水設置暗管非法排放或繞流偷徘,此舉除了造成環境汙染外,並造成河川下游農漁產業之損失。但由於工廠廢水指紋物質建置與分析鑑定曠日廢時,且需投入之龐大之金額與人力,有鑒於此,本實驗開發一種化學需氧量反應速率法做為非法排放廢水鑑定之依據,因每家工廠廢水中有機物之不同,有機化合物氧化為二氧化碳和水的的速率也不同,可利用此一簡單方便的方法做為廢水鑑定之依據。本實驗研究方法是參考環檢所之水中化學需氧量檢測方法─密閉式重鉻酸鉀迴流法(NIEA W517.52B)放入重鉻酸鉀、硫酸銀及水樣於消化管中,在150 oC的烘箱中迴流反應,依不同的加熱時間測出水樣化學需氧量值,藉以了解廢水化學需氧量物的相對氧化速率值。研究結果顯示,不同廠商排放出之廢水,相對氧化速率曲線確實不同,高濃度廢水經過稀釋,以及長時間排放廢水至河川中,仍可以利用此一方法辨別出不同廠商之廢水。
Abstract
Student ID: N10031003
Title of Thesis: Development of Chemical Oxygen Demand Reaction Rate as a Tracing Method of Wastewater Source
Total Pages: 58
Name of Institute: National Pingtung University of Science and Technology
Name of Department: Department of Environmental Engineering and Science
Date of Graduation: July, 2013 Degree Conferred: Master
Name of Student: Ying Lin Adviser: Dr. Wu-Jang Huang
The Contents of Abstract in this Thesis:
Taiwan is densely populated and usually associated with the establishment of the factories adjoining living area. If not careful of in emissions plants treated wastewater will caused huge losses. However, many Taiwan manufacturers to circumvent the cost of wastewater treatment and environmental units’ examiner, the factories setting illegal underground pipes or flow around to emissions wastewater secretly. This would cause environmental pollution, the loss of river downstream agricultural and fishing industries. To build a database of wastewater fingerprinting compounds for plants need to invest a lot of money and human resource. From this viewpoint, this study has developed a chemical oxygen demand (COD) reaction rate method as the basis for identification of illegal emissions of wastewater. Because each plant different organics in wastewater, oxidation of organic compounds to carbon dioxide and water rates are different, you can use this as a simple and convenient way to identify the basis for unknown illegal emitted wastewater.
Experiment research method was refer to The Environmental Analysis Laboratory (EAL) COD in wastewater detection methods - Closed reflux dichromate(NIEA W517.52B) Into dichromate, silver sulfate and water samples in the digestive tract and then in an oven at 150 oC reflux, according to different heating time measured the chemical oxygen demand values of the water sample, in order to understand the relative oxidation rate value of COD compounds in wastewater into carbon dioxide and water rates. The results showed that the wastewater emissions from different manufacturers have different relative oxidation curve, indicating the method is quite feasible.

Keywords: Chemical oxygen demand, Closed dichromate reflow method, The reaction rate, illegal emitted wastewater, source identification.

摘要 I
Abstract III
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
1. 序論 1
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 2
2. 文獻回顧 3
2.1 化學需氧量之介紹 3
2.2 非法排放廢水之介紹 11
2.3 傳統鑑定非法排放廢水之介紹 17
3. 材料與方法 19
3.1 實驗材料 19
3.2 實驗設備 20
3.3 實驗方法 22
4. 實驗結果 24
4.1 利用化學需氧量反應速率法分析不同來源之廢水 24
4.2 高濃度水樣之分析 38
4.3 廢水排放至河川中在不同採樣點取樣之分析 41
4.4 長時間排放廢水於河川之分析 45
4.5 廢水鑑定之案例 48
5. 結論與建議 52
5.1 結論 52
5.2 建議 52

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