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研究生:德席尼
研究生(外文):Daniel T. Dhladhla
論文名稱:為什麼台灣農民要採取有機農業的實施? 以有機農民巿場為例
論文名稱(外文):Why do Taiwanese Farmers Adopt Organic Farming Practices? Observations Based on Organic Farmers Markets
指導教授:黃文琪黃文琪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Chi Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:熱帶農業暨國際合作系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:有機農業驗證質性分析永續農業有機生產技術採行
外文關鍵詞:organic farmingcertifiedqualitative analysissustainable farmingadoption
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學號:M10022039
論文名稱:為什麼台灣農民要採取有機農業的實施? 以有機農民巿場為例
總頁數: 116
學校名稱: 國立屏東科技大學 系(所)別:熱帶農業暨國際合作系
畢業時間及摘要別: 101學年度第二學期碩士學位論文摘要
研究生:德席尼 指導教授:黃文琪 博士
論文摘要內容:
有機農業是一個促進永續農業發展的重要措施,其對環境友好且透過合乎道德使用和管理資源方式提高食品安全。過去二十年台灣政府也已展現對有機農業的支持。自2003年起政府實施規範有機農業的法規以來,受認證的有機驗證機構也由一開始的三家增加為2013年的13家。然而目前有機農業在台灣仍然是少數,全台只有少於4%的農地獲得有機驗證。本研究利用質性分析的方法試圖找出影響和確定生產者施行有機農業的原因。本研究在有機農民市集與對進駐市集且獲驗證的有機業者進行深度訪談。分別與台中市之35名,高雄市之30名及屏東縣之25名有機進行討論,以確定哪些因素影響生產者施行有機農業。結果表示,容易取得種植原料、資訊、有機產品驗證機構及政府政策對實施有機農業有正面的影響。大多數的受訪有機農民表示並不是因為有機農產品有較好的價格而從事有機農業,而是出自於對環境保護及考慮生產者和消費者的健康的緣故。有機農地的比例不高的原因,則是因為在小塊土地難以同時生產有機與非有機產品之故,難以維持轉換期的收入且利用網室栽種的固定成本較高。在台灣發展有機農業最主要限制的因素是推廣服務和專營有機產品的市場基礎設施還不是很發達,有機產品的通路需要
與傳統產品有所區隔。透過改善有機市場的基礎設施將對台灣的有機農業發展產生積極的影響。

Student ID: M10022039
Title of thesis: Why do Taiwanese Farmers Adopt Organic Farming Practices? Observations Based on Organic Farmers markets
Total page: 116
Name of Department: Department of Tropical Agriculture and International Cooperation
Graduate date: May 27, 2013 Degree conferred: Master
Name of Student: Daniel Luthini Dhladhla Advisor: Huang Wen-Chi, Ph.D.
The Content of Abstract in This Thesis:
Organic farming is one of the leading sustainable farming initiatives which are friendly to the environment and it enhances food safety by promoting the ethical use and care of resources. Over the past twenty years, Taiwan government has shown support of organic agriculture. When the organic regulation was initiated in 2003 it had accredited 3 certification bodies, and in 2013 there are 13 certification bodies in Taiwan. The adoption of organic farming practices in Taiwan is currently low as less than four percent of the total agriculture land is certified organic. This study seeks to find out the reasons that influence the adoption of organic farming using qualitative data analysis to determine those factors which influence producers to adopt organic farming. In depth interviews at organic farmers markets in Taichung City, Kaohsiung City, and Pingtung County was carried out with certified organic producers (with 35, 30, and 25 participants, respectively)
discussions to determine what influences the producers to convert fully to organic farming. The results show that ease of access to planting material,
access to information, organic certification bodies, and the government policy have a positive influence on the adoption of this technology. Most farmers in Taiwan are not motivated by the premium price but by environmental, producer and consumer health in adoption of organic farming. The share of land committed to organic was also constrained by the difficulty to produce parallel products on the small land holdings and higher cost of establishing netting facilities on the farms. The major constraints to the certified organic farming in Taiwan are extension services, and the marketing infrastructure that is not very well developed and coordinated for the organic products which need a differentiated channel from the conventional products. Improving marketing infrastructure for organic products in Taiwan will have positive effects on the adoption of organic farming practices in Taiwan.

Chinese Abstract I
English Abstract I
Acknowledgements V
Table of Contents VI
List of Tables VIII
List of Figures IX
List of Acronyms X
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Motivation 2
1.3 Problem Statement 3
1.4 Research Objectives 4
1.5 Research Questions 4
1.6 Organization of the Study 4
2. Literature Review 6
2.1 Organic Agriculture 6
2.1.2 Worldwide Organic Agriculture 8
2.1.3 Organic Agriculture in Asia 9
2.1.4 Agriculture in Taiwan 10
2.1.5 Organic Agriculture in Taiwan 12
2.2 Organic Standards and Certification in Taiwan 15
2.2.1 Farmers Markets 16
2.2.2 Standards and Certification by Government 17
2.2.3 Organic Certification Organizations in Taiwan 17
2.3 Factors Influencing Adoption of Organic Farming 22
2.3.1 Adoption of Organic Farming 22
2.3.2 Production Inputs 25
2.3.3 Information Sources 26
2.3.4 Government Policy 27
2.3.5 Producer Perceptions of Consumer Awareness 27
2.3.6 Marketing of Organic Produce 28
2.3.7 Motivations for Adopting Organic Practices 29
3. Materials and Methods 31
3.1 Questionnaire Structure 31
3.1.1 Development of Questionnaire 33
3.1.2 Content of the Questionnaire 35
3.2 Data collection 36
3.2.1 Study site 36
3.2.2 Interviewer Training 37
3.2.3 Sample Size and Sampling 37
3.3 Data Analysis 38
4. Results and Discussion 38
4.1 Producer Survey 39
4.1.1 Farm Input Availability/ Accessibility 39
4.1.2 Organic Farming Information Sources 40
4.1.3 Marketing Infrastructure 41
4.1.4 Producer Perceptions of Consumer Awareness 42
4.1.5 Awareness of Government Policy 43
4.1.6 Labor Requirements 44
4.1.7 Motivations for Adoption 45
4.1.8 Barriers/ Challenges Faced by the Farmers 46
5. Conclusions and Recommendations 46
5.1 Conclusions 47
5.2 Recommendations 50
5.3 Areas of Future Research 51
6. References 52
Appendices 62
Biosketch of the Author 116

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