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研究生:吳學仁
研究生(外文):Wu, Syue-Ren
論文名稱:研發硬 X 光顯微術用之波帶片及其應用於即時觀察奈米尺度下的電化學行為
論文名稱(外文):Development of zone plate based hard-X-ray microscopy and its application for nanoscale in situ imaging of electrochemical process
指導教授:胡宇光胡宇光引用關係曾繁根曾繁根引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hwu, Yeu-KuangTseng, Fan-Gang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:工程與系統科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:核子工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:全視野穿透式硬 X 光顯微鏡菲涅耳波帶片X 光顯微術放射學微斷層攝影
外文關鍵詞:Full Field Transmission Hard X-rays microscope (TXM)Fresnel Zone PlatemicrotomographyX-ray microscopyradiology
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:181
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:4
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
藉由奈米級結構的光學元件的研發,使得硬 X 光顯微術有顯著的發展,尤
其是應用在觀測生物神經元與利用即時觀測去研究電化學現象上。本論文以下分
為三個部分討論。首先,在顯微鏡的研發上我們成功的製作出 20 奈米的菲涅耳
波帶片,並且在經過測試後得到小於 17 奈米的解析度。在目前的硬 X 光領域,
小於 17 奈米是最佳的解析度。
第二部份的研究是關於觀測在奈米尺度下的電化學電鍍所產生的奈米級結
構在電鍍過程中的演化,我們成功的應用硬 X 光顯微鏡偵測到漸進式與瞬時式成
核現象,然而不同的成核機制取決的濃度上的變化。
最後一部分是藉由穿透式 X 光顯微鏡的即時影像討論過電位與微米結構的
模板對銅電鍍的影響。銅晶粒的成長會隨著過電位的增加而變小。而微米結構的
模板在電鍍過程中會限制銅離子的擴散,然後還原出樹枝狀結構的金屬銅。
Full field transmission hard X-rays microscopy (TXM) was developed with
nanofabricated optics and applied to neuroimaging and in situ study of
electrochemistry. This thesis consists of three parts. In the first part, the
record-breaking technology development in our research group in fabricating high
performance diffractive optics for hard-x-ray imaging such as Fresnel Zone plate
(FZP), was described in details.. Specifically, we obtained <17 nm image resolution
defined by Rayleigh criteria using these FZPs with an outermost zones of 20 nm FZPs
as an image objectives for >8 keV X-ray photons with rigorous tests.
The second part of this thesis describe the application of the TXM to study a the
nanostructure evolution occurred in the Cu electrodeposition. We presented the 3D
real time in situ microscopy results to characterize the progressive and instantaneous
mode of Cu nucleation processes. We found that the nucleation behavior was driven
by different copper sulfate concentration.
The third part of this thesis reveals the influence of applied overpotential and the
use of microstructured template in the copper electrodeposition. Specifically, when
the overpotential is increased in electrodeposition, the size of copper clusters
generated was smaller than that produced in lower overpotential. Using
microstructured template in the electrodeposition to limit the copper iron diffusion
created dendritic electrodeposits which indicated diffusion limited growth.
Abstract ⅰ
Acknowledgment ⅳ
List of Figure ⅷ
List of Table ⅹⅵ
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Overview of the Thesis 3
Chapter 2: Literature Review 4
2.1 X-Rays Microscopy 4
2.2 Hard-X-Ray Zone Plate: Recent Progress 5
2.2.1 Background 5
2.2.2 Fabrication Procedures: Examples 15
2.2.3 Evaluating the Spatial Resolution 19
2.2.4 Towards New Spatial Resolution Records 28
2.2.5 Enhancing the Images: Contrast Agents and Phase Contrast 30
2.2.6 Overview of Recent Progress 34
2.3 Resolution Testing 38
2.3.1 Knife-Edge 38
2.3.2 Power Spectrum Analysis 40
2.3.3 Rayleigh Criterion In Two-Point Resolution 42
2.4 Zernike Phase Contrast 45
2.5 Application of TXM on Biology 47
2.6 Analysis and Characterization Tool for Metal Electrodeposition 49
2.6.1 Ex-Situ Method 49
2.6.2 In-Situ Method 50
Chapter 3: Methodology 56
3.1 X-Ray Image Instrument 56
3.1.1 The X-Ray Source 56
3.1.2 Beamline Layout 57
3.2 Full Field Transmission X-Rays Microscope 59
3.3 Zone Plate Fabrication 60
3.4 Electrodeposition Cell for TXM 61
Chapter 4: Nanoresolution of Hard X-Ray Zone Plate 64
4.1 Introduction 64
4.2 Nanoresolution of TXM 64
Chapter 5: TXM Application for Nanoscale In Situ Imaging of Electrochemical Process 67
5.1 Introduction 67
5.2 Experimental Procedure 69
5.3 Results and Discussion 70
Chapter 6: In Situ Real Time Study of Copper Electrochemical Growth 81
6.1 Introduction 81
6.2 Influence of Voltage on Morphology 82
6.3 Diffusion Limited Aggregation 87
Chapter 7: Conclusion 94
Chapter 8: Outlook 95
Appendix A: Radiology of Neurons 96
Appendix B: Publications Produced From This Study 103
References 104

104

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