(3.238.250.105) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/18 20:36
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:崔怡楓
研究生(外文):I-Fong Tsui
論文名稱:運用GHSOM技術分析臺灣附近黑潮入侵變化之研究
論文名稱(外文):Variability analysis of Kuroshio intrusion around Taiwan using growing hierarchical self-organizing map
指導教授:吳朝榮
指導教授(外文):Chau-Ron Wu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:地球科學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:黑潮入侵太平洋年代際振盪GHSOM
外文關鍵詞:Kuroshio intrusionPDO
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:350
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:72
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究採用18年海平面高度反演的地轉流進行研究,同時以一個先進的人工智慧類神經網路演算法-GHSOM為基礎,來對海流資料進行分類分析黑潮在呂宋海峽及台灣東北海域的入侵型態,並運用衛星風場及熱通量分析其相關性。
在呂宋海峽終年均有黑潮入侵現象,但係以不入侵為主,入侵型態僅佔總體的25.8%,其中以黑潮強入侵為主,以弱入侵較少,強入侵與風速相關,弱入侵則可能與上游的黑潮傳輸量相關。在季變化部分,冬季入侵多於夏季入侵,冬季入侵型態為強入侵與弱入侵均有,但以強入侵為主,夏季入侵則幾乎均為弱入侵。黑潮入侵在年際變化方面與PDO有關,黑潮入侵通常發生於PDO 指標為正值時(72.1%)。
台灣東北海域方面,黑潮入侵與不入侵約各半,但係以占57.4 % 的入侵模式為主,其中弱入侵發生較強入侵為多,強入侵與熱通量相關,而弱入侵與風速及熱通量均相關。關於季節性變化部分,秋冬季的入侵事件明顯多於夏季,弱入侵事件在秋季較明顯,在冬季則多由強入侵占優勢,黑潮在本區入侵的年際變化方面也與在呂宋海峽相同,均與PDO有關,黑潮入侵通常發生於PDO 指標為正值時(64.5%)。
摘要 ........................................... IV
表說 .......................................... VII
圖說 ......................................... VIII
第一章 前言...................................... 1
第二章 使用資料與分析方法 ............................................. 7
2.1 使用資料 .................................... 7
2.1.1海表面高度(Sea surface height data) ....... 7
2.1.2 海表面風資料 ............................................. 8
2.2 分析方法 .................................... 8
2.2.1 SOM ...................................... 9
2.2.2 GHSOM .................................... 9
第三章 呂宋海峽區域之黑潮入侵現象 ............................................. 11
3.1入侵型態 ..................................... 11
3.2 季變化 ...................................... 14
3.3 年際變化 .................................... 18
第四章 臺灣東北海域之黑潮入侵現象 ............................................. 26
4.1 入侵型態 .................................... 26
4.2 季變化 ...................................... 28
4.3 年際變化 .................................... 32
第五章 結論...................................... 42
參考文獻 ........................................ 44
附錄A ........................................... 50
附錄B .......................................... 114
Andres, M., J. H. Park, M. Wimbush, X. H. Zhu, H. Nakamura, K. Kim, and K. I. Chang(2009) Manifestation of the Pacific Decasal Oscillstionin the Kuroshio. Geophys Res. Lett., 36, L16602, doi:10.1029/2009GL039216.
Caruso, M., G. Gawarkiewicz, and R. C. Bearsley(2006) Interannual variability of the Kuroshio intrusion in the South China Sea. J. Oceanogr, 62, 559–575.
Ceballos, L. I., E. D. Lorenzo, C. D. Hoyos, N. Schneider, and B. Taguchi(2009) North pacific gyre oscillation synchronizes climate fluctuations in the eastern and western boundary system. J. Clim., 22, 5163–5174.
Centurioni, L. R., P. P. Niiler, and D. K. Lee(2004) Observation of inflow of Philippine Sea surface water into the South China Sea through the Luzon Strait. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 113–121.
Chang, Y. L., and L. Y. Oey(2012) The Philippines–Taiwan Oscillation: Monsoonlike Interannual Oscillation of the Subtropical–Tropical Western North Pacific Wind System and Its Impact on the Ocean. J. Clim., 25, 1579–1618, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00158.1.
45
Chuang, W. S., and W. D. Liang(1994) Seasonal variability of intrusion of the Kuroshio water across the continental shelf northeast of Taiwan. J. Oceanogr, 50, 531–542.
Farris, A., and M.Wimbush(1996) Wind-induced intrusion into the South China Sea. J. Oceanogr, 52, 771–784.
Hsin, Y. C., C. R. Wu, and P.T. Shaw(2008) Spatial and temporal variations of the Kuroshio East of Taiwan, 1982–2005: a numerical study. J. Geophys Res., 113, C04002, doi:10.1029/2007JC004485.
Hsin, Y. C., T. Qu, and C. R. Wu(2010) Intra-seasonal variation of the Kuroshio southeast of Taiwan and its possible forcing mechanism. Ocean Dyn., 60, 1293–1306. doi:10.1007/s10236-010-0294-2.
Hsin, Y. C., C. R. Wu, and S. Y. Chao(2012) An updated examination of the Luzon Strait transport. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C03022, doi:10.1029/ 2011JC007714.
Ichikawa, K., R. Tokeshi, M. Kashima, K. Sato, T. Matsuoka, S. Kojima, and S. Fujii(2008) Kuroshio variations in the upstream region as seen by HF radar and satellite altimetry data, Int. J. Remote Sens., 29(21), 6417–6426, doi:10.1080/01431160802175454.
46
Kohonen, T.(1982) Self-organized formation of topologically correct features maps. Biol. Cybern., 43, 59–69.
Kohonen, T.(2001) Self-organizing maps. Springer Series in Information Sciences, Vol. 30, 3rd ed., Springer-Verlag, pp 501.
Liang, W. D., T. Y. Tang, Y. J. Yang, M. T. Ko, and W. S. Chuang(2003) Upper‐ocean currents around Taiwan, Deep Sea Res., Part II, 50, 1085–1105, doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(03)00011-0.
Liang, W. D., Y. J. Yang, T. Y. Tang, and W. S. Chung(2008) Kuroshio in the Luzon Strait. J. Geophys Res., 113, C08048, doi:10.1029/2007JC004609.
Lie, H. J., and C. H. Cho(2002) Recent advances in understanding the circulation and hydrography of the East China Sea, Fish. Oceanogr., 11, 318–328, doi:10.1046/j.1365-2419.2002.00215.x.
Liu, Y., and R. H. Weisberg(2005) Patterns of ocean current variability on the West Florida Shelf using the self-organizing map. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C06003, doi:10.1029/2004JC002786.
Liu, Y., R. H. Weisberg, and R. He(2006a) Sea surface temperature patterns on the West Florida Shelf using the growing hierarchical selforganizing maps. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 23(2), 325–338.
47
Liu, Y., R. H. Weisberg, and C. N. K. Mooers(2006b) Performance evaluation of the self-organizing map for feature extraction. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C05018, doi:10.1029/2005JC003117.
Liu, Y., R.H. Weisberg, and Y. Yuan(2008) Patterns of upper layer circulation variability in the South China Sea from satellite altimetry using the self-organizing map. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 27(Supp), 129–144.
Mau, J. C., D. P. Wang, D. S. Ullman, and D. L. Codiga(2007) Characterizing long island sound outflows from HF radar using self-organizing maps. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci., 74, 155–165.
Nitani, H.(1972) Beginning of the Kuroshio. In: H. Stommel and K. Yoshida(eds) Kuroshio—its physical aspects, University of Tokyo Press, 129–163.
Oey, L. Y., Y. C. Hsin, and C. R. Wu(2010) Why does the Kuroshio northeast of Taiwan shift shelfward in winter?, Ocean Dyn., 60, 413–426, doi:10.1007/s10236-009-0259-5.
Qiu, B., and S. Chen(2010) Eddy-mean flow interaction in the decadally modulating Kuroshio extension system. Deep Sea Res. II, 57,1098–1110.
48
Qiu, B., and R. Lukas(1996) Seasonal and interannual variability of the North Equatorial Current, the Mindanao Current, and the Kuroshio along the Pacific western boundary. J. Geophys. Res., 101.
Qu, T., and R. Lukas(2003) The bifurcation of the north equatorial current in the pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 5–18.
Richardson , A. J., C. Risien, and F. A. Shillington(2003) Using self-organizing maps to identify patterns in satellite imagery. Prog. Oceanogr., 59, 223–239.
Shaw, P. T.(1991) The seasonal variation of the intrusion of the Philippine Sea water into the South China Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 96, 821–827.
Sheremet, V. A.(2001) Hysteresis of a western boundary current leaping across a gap. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 1247–1259.
Sheu, W. J., C. R. Wu, and L.Y. Oey(2010) Blocking and westward passage of eddies in the Luzon Strait. Deep Sea Res., II, 57, 1783–1791.
Sun, X.(1987) Analysis of the surface path of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea, in Essays on Investigation of Kuroshio, edited by X.
49
Sun, pp. 1–14, China Ocean Press, Beijing.
Tang, T. Y., J. H. Tai, and Y. J. Yang(2000) The flow pattern north of Taiwan and migration of the Kuroshio, Cont. Shelf Res., 20, 349–371, doi:10.1016/S0278-4343(99)00076-X.
Wu, C. R., T. Y. Tang, and S. F. Lin(2005) Intra-seasonal variation in the velocity field of the northeastern South China Sea. Cont. Shelf Res., 25, 2075–2083.
Wu, C. R., and T.L. Chiang(2007) Mesoscale eddies in the northern South China Sea. Deep Sea Res., II, 54, 1575–1588.
Wu, C. R., H. F. Lu, and S. Y. Chao(2008), A numerical study on the formation of upwelling off northeast Taiwan, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C08025, doi:10.1029/2007JC004697.
Wu, C. R.(2012) Interannual modulation of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation(PDO) on the low latitude western North Pacific, Prog. Oceanogr.(Accepted), doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.
Yuan, D., W. Han, and D. Hu(2006) Surface Kuroshio path in the Luzon Strait area derived from satellite remote sensing data. J. Geophys Res., 111, C11007. doi:10.1029/2005JC003412.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔