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研究生:施銘山
研究生(外文):Ming-Shan, Shih
論文名稱:台灣北部大氣懸浮微粒中水溶性無機氮與無機磷來源與比值之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of derived source and mole ratio of water soluble inorganic nitrogen and inorganic phosphorus in atmospheric suspended particles over the northern Taiwan
指導教授:陳宏瑜陳宏瑜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung-Yu, Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:海洋環境資訊學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:水溶性無機氮水溶性無機磷氮磷比
外文關鍵詞:DINDIPN/P ratio
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本研究之採樣站是位於東海南部的基隆市海岸邊。在2010年9月至2012年5月期間,採集大氣氣溶膠樣本進行水溶性無機氮與無機磷物種之分析研究。此外,並以氣團軌跡回推資料,探討所採集之大氣懸浮微粒的來源為何。
在研究期間,大氣懸浮微粒之來源,在春天、秋天與冬天以大陸性來源為主;而夏天則以區域性與海洋性來源為主。研究結果顯示,水溶性無機氮與無機磷物種的濃度受不同來源與天氣狀況之影響而有明顯的季節性變化。
而在水溶性無機氮與無機磷的比值方面,氮磷比在乾沉降中的值從135到975不等,遠高於Redfield ratio(氮與磷的比值為16)。氮磷比會受不同的來源及降雨影響,大陸性與海洋性來源的氮磷比分別為525和753,在沙塵暴期間氮磷比為515,則與大陸性來源相當接近。
水溶性無機氮(DIN)和水溶性無機磷(DIP)相關性分析的結果,DIN和DIP之間有很強的相關性,這表明他們兩者有著類似的來源與運輸機制。

In this study, water-soluble nitrogen and phosphorus species atmospheric aerosol samples were measured at a coastal site on the southern East China Sea at Keelung city, from September 2010 to May 2012. In addition, 3-d back trajectories of air masses arriving daily at the sampling site were calculated to determine the potential aerosol source regions.
During the study period, a continental source was dominant in the spring, fall and winter, a local source and an oceanic source in the summer. The measured atmospheric concentrations of water-soluble nitrogen and phosphorus species show clear seasonal variations and correspond to the different sources and weather conditions.
The N/P value in the soluble fraction of the dry deposition (ranging from 32 to 541) were well above the Redfield ratio (N/P = 16). N/P values are affected by different sources and the strength of wet deposition. The N/P values for continental- and oceanic-derived aerosols are 525 and 753, respectively; the value of N/P during the dust storm period (515) is similar to the ratio in continental-derived aerosols. In continental- and marine-derived aerosols were diminished by the wet deposition process.
The results of correlations analysis of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP). Besides, a strong correlation was found between DIN and DIP, indicating similar sources and transportation mechanisms.

摘要
Abstract
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄

第一章 前言
1.1研究背景
1.2水溶性無機氮磷物種之重要性
1.3研究目的
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1大氣的氮磷沉降
2.2水溶性無機氮與無機磷於不同區域之分布 3
2.3氣溶膠中的N/P比
第三章 研究方法
3.1採樣地點與時間
3.2採樣方式與採樣儀器
3.3樣本之前處理
3.4分析儀器
3.5各物種分析方法
3.5.1亞硝酸鹽之分析
3.5.2銨鹽之分析
3.5.3硝酸鹽之分析
3.5.4磷酸鹽之分析
3.6氣團逆軌跡回推圖
3.7相關性分析
第四章 結果與討論
4.1研究區域之氣象資料
4.2研究區域之氣團來源資料
4.3總懸浮微粒之質量濃度分布變化
4.4總懸浮微粒中水溶性無機氮物種與無機磷之探討
4.4.1總懸浮微粒中銨鹽濃度之分布
4.4.2總懸浮微粒中硝酸鹽濃度之分布
4.4.3總懸浮微粒中水溶性無機氮之分布
4.4.4總懸浮微粒中水溶性無機磷濃度之分布
4.4.5水溶性無機氮物種與無機磷濃度相對高低值之分布
4.4.6降雨對水溶性無機氮物種與無機磷濃度之影響
4.4.7沙塵暴對水溶性無機氮與無機磷濃度之影響
4.4.8不同來源之水溶性無機氮物種與無機磷濃度之分布
4.4.9銨鹽與硝酸鹽於水溶性無機氮中和不同來源的比例變化
4.5總懸浮微粒中水溶性無機氮與無機磷比值之探討
4.5.1總懸浮微粒中無機氮與無機磷比值之分布
4.5.2不同來源之無機氮與無機磷比值之變化
4.6不同來源時無機氮磷物種間與質量濃度和沙塵暴之相關性
第五章 結論
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參考網站:

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http://dust.epa.gov.tw/dust (行政院環境保護署-中國大陸沙塵監測網站)

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