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研究生:蘇永奇
研究生(外文):Yong-Qi Su
論文名稱:應用於水下環境之太陽能電池製作與研究
論文名稱(外文):Fabrication and characterization of solar cell for the underwater environment
指導教授:張忠誠張忠誠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Chen Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:溶膠-凝膠法水下環境緩衝層
外文關鍵詞:Sol-Gel methodunderwater environmentbuffer layer
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本論文以利用溶膠-凝膠法來製作太陽能電池的緩衝層,來進行水下環境的探討,分別了使用SiO2及TiO2材料來當緩衝層,實驗數據中可以發現在水下環境中旋塗SiO2和TiO2緩衝層的太陽能電池比較,旋塗SiO2緩衝層的太陽能電池在水平面浸水效率可以提升。
因為增加緩衝層造成折射率的調整使得太陽能電池效率變好,從實驗數據中發現有些晶片在水平面浸水時電壓有增加的情形。在採購已半封裝自行旋塗之太陽能電池,在大水槽量測數據中可發現在無旋塗緩衝層材料上我們可以發現在水平面浸水時電壓衰減了1.77%,在晶片上旋塗上了一層SiO2後水平面浸水時電壓增加了1.03%,在小艇碼頭中午12點鐘進行水下實驗中發現在水平面浸水時,在轉速200RPM下旋塗SiO2之太陽能電池表面電壓增加了0.47%,在小艇碼頭下午4點鐘進行水下實驗中得到在水平面浸水時無旋塗緩衝層材料上電壓衰減了1.16%,在轉速200RPM下旋塗SiO2之太陽能電池電壓增加了1.63%,如果在晶片上旋塗一層TiO2之太陽能電池在水平面浸水時電壓減少了0.60%。
在採購自行封裝之太陽能電池,在小艇碼頭中午12點進行水下實驗中發現太陽能電池在水平面浸水時可得到將SiO2在轉速400RPM旋塗形成緩衝層之太陽能電池電壓增加了2.32%,在小艇碼頭下午4點進行水下實驗中發現水平面浸水時可得到將SiO2在轉速500RPM旋塗形成緩衝層之太陽能電池電壓增加了4.29% 。
由本實驗可知在太陽能電池表面旋塗上SiO2緩衝層在水平面浸水時可以得到效率的提升。

In this paper, Sol-Gel method is used to prepare the buffer layer of solar cell so as to perform underwater environment investigation. And SiO2 and TiO2 materials are used respectively as buffer layers. From the experimental data, it can be found that when a comparison is made for solar cell spin-coated with SiO2 and TiO2 buffer layers for the underwater environment, the solar cell coated with SiO2 buffer layer shows enhancement efficiency with the water immer sion.
Since the adding of buffer layer could lead to refractive index adjustment, which in turn makes better the efficiency of the solar cell. From the experimental data, it can be found that for some wafers, voltage increase can be seen for the water immersion in the horizontal plane. For the purchased semi-packaged self-spun solar cell, from the test data of large water tank, it can be found that for the case not spin-coated with buffer layer material, the voltage decays by 1.77% during the water immersion of horizontal plane, however, when one layer of SiO2 is spin-coated on the wafer, the voltage is increased by 1.03% during the water immersion in the horizontal plane. In the yacht dock, when an underwater experiment is done in the noon, it was found that in the water immersion of horizontal plane, the voltage of solar cell coated with SiO2 at rotational speed of 200 RPM is increased by 0.47%, when an underwater experiment is done in the yacht dock in 4 pm, it can be seen that in the water immersion of horizontal plane, the voltage of the case not coated with spin-coated material decays by 1.16%, and the voltage of solar cell coated with SiO2 at rotational speed of 200 RPM is increased by about 1.63%. For solar cell coated with one layer of TiO2, during the water immersion in horizontal plane, the voltage is decreased by 0.60%.
In the purchased self-packaged solar cell, when an underwater experiment is carried out in the yacht dock in the noon, it was found that in the water immersion of the horizontal plane, for solar cell spin-coated with SiO2 at rotational speed of 400RPM to form a buffer layer, the voltage is increased by 2.32%. When underwater experiment was carried out in the yacht dock in 4 pm, it was found that for the water immersion in horizontal plane, for solar cell spin-coated with SiO2 at rotational speed of 500RPM to form buffer layer, the voltage is increased by 4.29%.
From this experiment, it can be seen that when the surface of the solar cell is coated with SiO2 buffer layer, then in the water immersion in the horizontal plane, the efficiency can be enhanced.

目錄

Chapter 1 簡介 1
1-1 太陽能電池 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 3
1-3 本文架構 4
Chapter 2 理論 5
2-1 太陽能電池原理 5
2-1-1太陽能電池等效電路 5
2-1-2 太陽能電池之量測參數 6
2-1-3 太陽光譜 7
2-1-4 太陽光模擬器 9
2-2 溶膠凝膠法 10
Chapter 3 實驗流程 12
3-1 元件的製作 12
3-2 Sol-Gel溶液製作 13
3-3 元件量測方法 14
Chapter 4結果與討論 15
4-1 利用不同厚度之Sol-Gel效率量測 15
4-2 採購已封裝之太陽能電池 16
4-3 採購已半封裝之太陽能電池 17
4-3-1 大水槽水下實驗 17
4-3-2 中午12點在室外小艇碼頭量測水下實驗 18
4-3-3 下午4點在室外小艇碼頭量測水下實驗 19
4-4 採購自行封裝之太陽能電池 20
4-4-1 中午12點在室外小艇碼頭量測水下實驗 20
4-4-2 下午4點在室外小艇碼頭量測水下實驗 22
Chapter 5結論 24
參考文獻 25

參考文獻
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