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研究生:林家帆
研究生(外文):Jia-Fan Lin
論文名稱:應用非平衡剩餘生產量模式進行印度洋紅肉旗魚(Kajikia audax)資源評估
論文名稱(外文):Stock assessment of striped marlin (Kajikia audax) in the Indian Ocean using non-equilibrium surplus production model
指導教授:王勝平
指導教授(外文):Sheng-Ping Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:紅肉旗魚印度洋CPUE標準化非平衡剩餘生產量模式資源評估
外文關鍵詞:striped marlinIndian OceanCPUE standardizationnon-equilibrium production modelstock assessment
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紅肉旗魚(Kajikia audax)為一種廣泛分布於印度洋與太平洋海域的大洋洄游性魚類,也是印度洋商業性漁業與沿岸小型漁業之混獲魚種。自1952年代起於印度洋作業之漁船即開始對該資源進行開發,主要為台灣與日本之延繩釣漁業所利用。本研究彙整1952至2010年印度洋紅肉旗魚之歷年總漁獲量資料以及1980至2010年日本與台灣延繩釣漁業之努力量與漁獲量資料。將單位努力漁獲量 (CPUE) 和環境因子做時間延遲相關分析後再利用delta-lognormal model進行CPUE標準化。本研究利用非平衡剩餘生產量模式 (non-equilibrium production model) 分析印度洋紅肉旗魚資源現況,並以日本與台灣之標準化CPUE作為相對資源量指標。為進行採用不同CPUE序列情境之資源評估分析,本研究亦嘗試分別代入不同之日本與台灣之標準化CPUE組合於資源評估模式中,結果顯示資源評估結果會因採用CPUE的不同而具有相當大之差異性,因此目前資源評估結果仍存在高度的不確定性。然而,根據本研究中大多數情境的資源評估結果皆顯示,目前印度洋紅肉旗魚生物量已低於MSY水準,而漁獲死亡率也接近或超過MSY水準,因此該資源可能已處於過度利用或過漁狀態。
Striped marlin (Kajikia audax) is a highly migratory species and distributed wildly in Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean and they considered as bycatch for industrial and artisanal fisheries in the Indian Ocean. Striped marlin was exploited by fleets operated in the Indian Ocean since 1952s and was mainly caught by longline fleets of Japan and Taiwan. This study aggregated the historical total catch of striped marlin in the Indian Ocean from 1952 to 2010 and the effort and catch data of Japanese and Taiwanese longline fleets from 1980 to 2010. Time-delay correlation analysis between catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) and environment factors was conducted and then CPUE was standardized using delta-lognormal model. In this study, standardized CPUEs of Japanese and Taiwanese longline fleets were fitted to the non-equilibrium production model to analyze the stock status of striped marlin in the Indian Ocean. In order to conduct the stock assessments under different CPUE scenarios, this study also attempted to fit various combinations of CPUE series of Japanese and Taiwanese longline fleets to the assessment model. The results indicate that divergent assessment results would be obtained when adopting different CPUE series and thus current stock assessment remains highly uncertain. However, the results of most scenarios indicate that current biomass of striped marlin in the Indian Ocean has decreased below the MSY level and the current fishing mortality has also exceeded MSY level. Therefore, the current stock of striped marlin in the Indian Ocean might have been overfishing or overfished.
摘要 I
Abstruct II
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VII
第一章、前言 1
1.1 紅肉旗魚分布與生態習性 1
1.2 印度洋紅肉旗魚漁業概況 2
1.2.1 台灣 2
1.2.2 日本 3
1.3前人研究概況 3
1.4 研究動機與目的 4
第二章、材料與方法 6
2.1 漁獲統計資料 6
2.1.1 各漁業國之總漁獲量資料 6
2.1.2 台灣之漁獲量與努力量資料 6
2.1.3 日本之標準化CPUE序列 6
2.2 環境水文資料 6
2.2.1印度洋震盪指標 (Indian Oscillation Index, IOI) 6
2.2.2印度洋偶極指標 (Indian Ocean Dipole Mode Index, DMI) 7
2.2.3溫度梯度 (Temperature gradient, TG) 7
2.2.4溫躍層深度 (Thermocline depth or mixing layer depth, TD) 7
2.2.5剪切流 (Shear currents, SC) 與剪切流強度 (Amplitude of shear currents, AM) 7
2.3 CPUE標準化 7
2.3.1 Delta-lognormal GLM 8
2.3.2漁區別CPUE之整合 10
2.4 非平衡剩餘生產量模式 10
第三章、結果 13
3.1 環境因子之時間延遲 13
3.2 CPUE標準化 13
3.3 生態漁區之CPUE差異 15
3.4 非平衡剩餘生產量模式 15
3.4.1 模式之套適 15
3.4.2 系群資源量與漁獲死亡率之變動趨勢 16
第四章、討論 18
4.1 環境因子之時間延遲 18
4.2 生態漁區之CPUE差異 19
4.3 漁業生物資料蒐集 20
4.4 紅肉旗魚之系群劃分 20
4.5 CPUE標準化之探討 21
4.6 資源評估之探討 22
第五章、結論 25
參考文獻 26

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Wang, S. P. and Nishida, T. (2012) CPUE standardization of striped marlin (Tetrapterus audax) caught by Taiwanese longline fishery in the Indian Ocean for 1980 to 2010. The tenth session of the IOTC Working Party on Billfish (WPB), Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), September 7 , 2012. Victoria, Seychelles. IOTC – 2012 - WPB10 - 21.

Wang, S. P., Lin, S. H. and Nishida, T. (2012) CPUE standardization of blue marlin (Makaira mazara) caught by Taiwanese longline fishery in the Indian Ocean for 1980 to 2010. IOTC-2012-WPB10-20.

Wang, S. P., Sun, C. L., Punt, A. E. and Yeh, S. Z. (2005) Evaluation of a sex-specific age-structured assessment method for the swordfish, Xiphias gladius , in the North Pacific Ocean . Fishery Research, 73: 79-97.

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邵廣昭 (2013) 台灣魚類資料庫。網路電子版 version 2009/1 http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw, (2013-7-4)

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