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研究生:徐婉真
研究生(外文):Wan-Chen Hsu
論文名稱:膝關節肌內效貼紮對羽球上網跨步動作之生物力學分析
論文名稱(外文):Biomechanical Analysis of kinesio Taping on Knee joint During Badminton Stride Task
指導教授:翁梓林翁梓林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzu-Lin Wong
口試委員:王金成邱靖華
口試委員(外文):Jin-Cheng WangJing-Hua Chiu
口試日期:2013-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北教育大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:肌內效貼紮膝關節跨步動作
外文關鍵詞:Kinesio tapingKnee joint
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目的:探討膝關節肌內效貼紮對羽球上網跨步動作之生物力學分析。實驗參與者:本研究以羽球選手12名(年齡19.58±3.20歲、身高164.58±4.20公分、體重59.91±6.15公斤),受過嚴格羽球訓練且從事羽球運動都在五年以上的時間,下肢無任何病史之健康女性選手為受試對象。研究方法與步驟:以一部Mega Speed Ms30K 高速攝影機 (100Hz) 沿矢狀面拍攝上網跨步動作以及一台AMTI測力板 (1000Hz) 連結Trigger同步裝置,擷取上網跨步動作之原始訊號。影片以Kwon 3D動作分析軟體處理。引用Dempster (1955) 人體肢段參數 (BSP),參考架Kwon CC (誤差值0.05) 校正、直接線性轉換 (DLT) 及量化後取得運動學參數;測力板原始訊號利用DASY Lab 6.0分析軟體,經濾波 (filter) 、電壓模組校正 (scaling),得到垂直與水平地面反作用力及負荷率等動力學參數資料以及肌電圖參數資料。為了利於統計比較,將力量標準化 (normalize),以體重倍率 (Body Weight,B.W) 呈現。並利用分析統計方式以SPSS18.0版進行相依樣t考驗,顯著水準訂為 (α=.05) 。結果:運動學部分:在髖關節與膝關節最大變化量及身體質量重心垂直、水平位移,兩組皆未達到顯著差異(p>.05);在踝關節最大角度變化量,兩組則達到顯著差異(p<.05)。著地瞬間與身體質量重心最低瞬間角度,其髖關節、膝關節及踝關節角度皆未達到顯著差異(p>.05)。動力學部分:肌內效貼紮與無貼紮在峰值出現時間未達顯著差異(p>.05);但在垂直分力峰值上具有顯著差異(p<.05)。制動期負荷率及50毫秒被動衝量,其結果達到統計上之顯著性差異(p<.05);在制動期衝量則無顯著差異(p>.05)。在前後分力峰值、制動期負荷率及制動期衝量,在兩組間皆未達到顯著差異(p>.05);但在峰值出現時間具有顯著差異(p<.05)。肌電學部分:股直肌、股二頭肌、脛骨前肌及腓腸肌標準化平均肌電振幅在各組間皆未達顯著差異(p>.05)。結論:發現膝關節承受向前負荷時,藉由肌內效貼紮可看出股直肌與脛骨前肌在跨步動作,確實可能受到貼紮的保護影響,而有較大的力量產生。且發現到透過貼紮的效應後,對於執行跨步動作時,較無貼紮組的力量稍大一些,長期使用可能會造成膝關節發生傷害的危險性存在。故在本研究的結果中看不出明顯的效益。探討可能原因,是本次的研究皆為膝關節活動正常者,看不出透過肌內效貼紮後,能在動作分析上有較顯著的差異性,故在執行跨步動作上,若無下肢傷害者可無須貼紮。建議:未來的研究者,可朝曾有運動傷害經驗者,在運動時的身體前傾角度及本體感覺再做深入的探討。
Purpose: It was to investigate the biomechanical analysis of kinesio taping on knee joints during badminton stride task.Participants: 12 female badminton players without any lower limbs problem (age:19.58 ± 3.20 years old, height:164.58 ± 4.20 cm, weight:59.91 ± 6.15 kg) received the strict badminton training and engaged in this activity for more than five years.Methods: It was to retrieve the original signal of the stride task by using a Mega Speed Ms30K high-speed camera (100Hz) for shooting the stride task along with the sagittal plane.AMTI force plate (1000Hz) linking Trigger synchronization device was also required for the study. The film Kwon 3D movement analysis software was required. For obtaining the kinematic parameters, Dempster’s (1955) human body segment parameters (BSP) with the reference frame Kwon CC (error = 0.05) correction, direct linear transformation (DLT) and quantification were required. For the acquisition of the vertical and horizontal ground reaction force and loading rate information as well as kinetic parameters such as EMG parameter data and the force plate original signal, the DASY Lab 6.0 analysis software filtered (filter) and the voltage module calibration (scaling) were used. For making statistical comparisons, it was necessary to normalize the forces for body weight (BW). The data collected were analyzed by paired sample t- test. The level of significance for this experiment was to set α=.05.Results: Kinematics parts: For the biggest change in hip and knee angle and the body mass center of gravity vertical、horizontal displacement, there was no significant difference (p> .05) between the two groups.For maximum angle changes in the ankle joint angles, there was a significant difference (p<.05) between the two groups. For landing instantaneous center of gravity with the lowest body mass moments angle, the hip、knee and ankle joint angles, there was no significant difference (p>.05).Dynamics parts: Kinesio taping and no taping at peak time reaches significant difference (p>.05);however, in the peak vertical force, there was a significant difference (p<.05).Braking load rate and 50 ms of passive impulse, and the results showed that there was a significant difference (p <.05). For the impulse of the braking period, there was no significant difference (p> .05). Component in the forward and backward peak braking and braking of load rate of impulse between the two groups did not reach significant difference (p>.05);however, in the peak time there was a significant difference (p<.05).EMG parts: rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius average normalized EMG amplitude in all groups, there were no significant differencesm (p>.05).Conclusion: According to the results, the joints may have a greater force production when the knee forward load to bear with Kinesio taping.It may be that the rectus femoris and tibialis anterior muscle in stride task may indeed be protected by taping.The results also showed that, when compared to the group without taping, the effect through taping after stride task strength is slightly larger, but the long term use may cause the risk of knee injuries.Therefore, the results in this study showed no obvious benefits.The reason may be that all of the objects in this study have healthy knee joints which can hardly be seen through the Kinesio taping.Therefore, there was no significant difference on the motion analysis, neither on the stride task.Suggestion: It is to suggest that for future researchers, the study can be conducted to those who have sports injuries, and for doing further study, it can also be conducted in the exercise of the body forward angle and proprioception.
目 錄
中文摘要......................................................i
英文摘要....................................................iii
目錄..........................................................v
表次......................................................vii
圖次.....................................................viii

第壹章 緒論....................................................01
一、問題背景.................................................01
二、研究目的...............................................05
三、研究範圍與限制..........................................06
四、名詞操作性定義..........................................07
第貳章 文獻探討.................................................09
一、膝關節傷害之相關文獻.....................................09
二、跨步動作之相關文獻.......................................15
三、肌內效貼紮之相關文獻.....................................20
四、文獻總結...............................................23
第參章 研究方法與步驟............................................25
一、研究對象...............................................25
二、實驗時間與地點..........................................25
三、研究架構...............................................26
四、實驗儀器與設備..........................................27
五、實驗方法與步驟..........................................31
六、資料處理與統計分析.......................................42

第肆章 結果.....................................................45
一、肌內效貼紮於膝關節對羽球上網跨步動作之運動學參數影響...........45
二、肌內效貼紮於膝關節對羽球上網跨步動作之動力學參數影響...........49
三、肌內效貼紮於膝關節對羽球上網跨步動作之下肢肌電訊號參數
影響.....................................................52
第伍章 討論.....................................................55
一、肌內效貼紮於膝關節對羽球上網跨步動作之運動學參數分析...........55
二、肌內效貼紮於膝關節對羽球上網跨步動作之動力學參數分析...........58
三、肌內效貼紮於膝關節對羽球上網跨步動作之下肢肌電訊號分析.........61
第陸章 結論與建議................................................63

參考文獻.....................................................65
一、中文部分..................................................65
二、外文部分................................................69

附錄
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