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研究生:林立彥
研究生(外文):Li-Yen Lin
論文名稱:應用於染料敏化太陽能電池及有機太陽能電池之小分子及高分子材料的設計與合成
論文名稱(外文):Design, Synthesis, and Exploitation of Small-Molecule and Polymeric Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Organic Solar Cells
指導教授:汪根欉
指導教授(外文):Ken-Tsung Wong
口試委員:周必泰吳忠幟林皓武蔡志宏洪文誼鄭彥如
口試委員(外文):Pi-Tai ChouChung-Chih WuHao-Wu LinChih-Hung TsaiWen-Yi HungYen-Ju Cheng
口試日期:2013-06-05
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:182
中文關鍵詞:染料敏化太陽能電池有機太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:dye-sensitized solar cellsorganic solar cells
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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在過去的一二十年間,日益增加的能源需求以及對於全球暖化的關注正促使不污染環境的再生能源的發展,利用光伏打科技將太陽能轉換為電力提供一個永續的方法來解決上述議題。相較於目前市場上為主的矽基太陽能電池,染料敏化太陽能電池和有機太陽能電池都被視為其高度有希望以及經濟合算的替代物。
此論文敘述我在設計與合成應用於染料敏化太陽能電池及有機太陽能電池之小分子及高分子材料上的研究工作,主要著重於探討化學結構和物理性質之間的關係,以及此關係和元件表現之間的關聯。其整體架構如下,第一章簡略地綜述共軛芳香系統能隙的操縱;第二章論及三系列應用於染料敏化太陽能電池的有機染料分子的設計、合成及鑑定;第三章敘述八個應用於蒸鍍型有機太陽能電池的小分子予體材料,其合成、物理性質以及光伏打性能會被詳述;第四章敘述兩個p-型共軛高分子的合成、光電鑑定及其作為濕式製程高分子塊材異質接面太陽能電池中的予體材料的表現。此外,在第二、第三和第四章的開頭部分會各自地介紹目前最先進的應用於染料敏化太陽能電池的光敏分子以及應用於有機太陽能電池的小分子和高分子予體材料。


Increasing energy demands and concerns about global warming have been driving a great need to develop environmentally friendly renewable energy resources in the past few decades. Conversion of solar energy into electricity via photovoltaic technologies provides a sustainable approach to addressing these issues. Both dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) and organic solar cells (OSCs) have been regarded as highly promising and cost-effective alternatives to the market dominant silicon-based counterparts.
This dissertation describes my research efforts in the design, synthesis, and characterization of small-molecule and polymeric materials for DSSCs and OSCs, with the focus on the exploration of structure–property relationships and their correlations to device performance. It is organized as follows. Chapter 1 gives a brief overview of bandgap engineering of pi-conjugated aromatic systems. Chapter 2 deals with the design principles, synthesis, and characterization of three series of organic sensitizers as well as their application in DSSCs. Chapter 3 describes eight small-molecule donor materials for use in vacuum-deposited OSCs. Their synthesis, physical properties, and photovoltaic performance are discussed. Chapter 4 describes the synthesis and optoelectronic characterization of two p-type conjugated polymers as well as their use as donors in solution-processed polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells. Furthermore, a short summary of state-of-the-art photosensitizers for DSSCs as well as molecular donors and polymeric donors for OSCs is respectively presented in the beginning of Chapter 2, 3, and 4.

中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
Contents iii
List of Figures ix
List of Schemes xv
List of Tables xviii
Chemical Structure Index xx
Chapter 1. Bandgap Engineering of π-Conjugated Aromatic Systems 1
References 13
Chapter 2. Development of Organic Sensitizers for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 15
2-1 Introduction 15
2-2 Organic Donor–π-Bridge–Acceptor Dyes Containing a Coplanar Diphenyl-Substituted Dithienosilole as the π-Bridge 18
2-2-1 Synthesis 19
2-2-2 Optical Properties 20
2-2-3 Theoretical Calculations 21
2-2-4 Electrochemical Properties 22
2-2-5 Photovoltaic and Electrochemical Impedance Characteristics 24
2-3 Organic Donor–Acceptor–Acceptor Dyes Featuring Pyrimidine as the Bridging Acceptor 28
2-3-1 Synthesis 29
2-3-2 Optical Properties 30
2-3-3 Theoretical Calculations 32
2-3-4 Electrochemical Properties 33
2-3-5 Photovoltaic and Electrochemical Impedance Characteristics 34
2-4 Organic Donor–Acceptor–Acceptor Dyes Featuring 2,1,3-Benzothiadiazole as the Bridging Acceptor 38
2-4-1 Synthesis 38
2-4-2 Optical Properties 39
2-4-3 Theoretical Calculations 41
2-4-4 Electrochemical Properties 42
2-4-5 Photovoltaic Characteristics 43
2-5 Conclusions 46
2-6 Experimental Details 48
2-7 References 72
Chapter 3. Development of Donor Materials for Vacuum-Deposited Small-Molecule Organic Solar Cells 77
3-1 Introduction 77
3-2 A Donor–π-Bridge–Acceptor Molecular Donor Bearing a Coplanar Diphenyl-Substituted Dithienosilole as the π-Bridge 82
3-2-1 Synthesis 83
3-2-2 Optical Properties 83
3-2-3 Electrochemical Properties 85
3-2-4 Photovoltaic Characteristics 85
3-3 A Donor–Acceptor–Acceptor Molecular Donor Featuring 2,1,3-Benzothiadiazole as the Bridging Acceptor 89
3-3-1 Synthesis 90
3-3-2 Crystal Structure and Packing 91
3-3-3 Electrochemical Properties 92
3-3-4 Optical Properties 93
3-3-5 Quantum Mechanical Calculations 94
3-3-6 Photovoltaic Characteristics 96
3-4 A Donor–Acceptor–Acceptor Molecular Donor Featuring Pyrimidine as the Bridging Acceptor 98
3-4-1 Synthesis 98
3-4-2 Crystal Structure and Packing 99
3-4-3 Optical Properties 99
3-4-4 Photovoltaic and Mobility Characteristics 100
3-5 Structural Modification of Donor Moieties of 2,1,3-Benzothiadiazole-Containing Donor–Acceptor–Acceptor Molecular Donors 103
3-5-1 Synthesis 103
3-5-2 Crystal Structures and Packings 104
3-5-3 Thermal Properties 106
3-5-4 Electrochemical Properties 106
3-5-5 Optical Properties 108
3-5-6 Photovoltaic and Mobility Characteristics 110
3-6 Acceptor−Acceptor−Donor−Acceptor−Acceptor Molecular Donors 117
3-6-1 Synthesis 117
3-6-2 Thermal Properties 118
3-6-3 Electrochemical Properties 118
3-6-4 Optical Properties 120
3-6-5 Photovoltaic Characteristics 120
3-7 Conclusions 124
3-8 Experimental Details 126
3-9 References 140
Chapter 4. Development of Polymeric Donors for Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells 145
4-1 Introduction 145
4-2 A New PTB Family Polymer 148
4-2-1 Synthesis 151
4-2-2 Optical Properties 152
4-2-3 Electrochemical Properties 153
4-2-4 Photovoltaic Characteristics 154
4-3 A p-Type Polymer Based on a Nine-Ringed Heteroacene 156
4-3-1 Synthesis 158
4-3-2 Optical Properties 159
4-3-3 Electrochemical Properties 162
4-3-4 Photovoltaic Characteristics 162
4-4 Conclusions 164
4-5 Experimental Details 165
4-6 References 178

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