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研究生:周怡伶
研究生(外文):Yi-Ling Chou
論文名稱:誰反對勞動移民?以臺灣、日本、韓國為例
論文名稱(外文):Who Opposes Labor Immigration? A Comparative Study among Taiwan, Japan and Korea
指導教授:陳玉華陳玉華引用關係
口試委員:伊慶春謝雨生
口試日期:2013-01-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:勞動移民態度種族偏見勞動市場競爭跨文化接觸保護主義
外文關鍵詞:Public Attitudes toward Foreign WorkersRacial PrejudiceLabor-Market CompetitionCultural ContactPatriotism .
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  本文試圖檢視東亞民眾對於勞動移民的接受程度。儘管東亞地區的勞動移民佔總體人口的比重仍然低於歐美工業化國家,但隨著勞動人口全球流動日益增加,個別社會對於是否繼續引入或限縮勞動移民的爭論卻方興未艾。反移民情緒(anti-immigration sentiment)是一般人對於外來移民的心理反應,以西方社會為主的實證研究發現這種不樂見移民的態度,除了與性別、年齡、教育程度、地區等人口特質有關外,也與勞動移民勞動市場競爭威脅、跨文化接觸經驗、保護主義的防禦態度有關,特別是種族偏見(racial prejudice)仍具相當的重要性。
  為了驗證上述因素能否解釋個人對於勞動移民的態度,本文利用東亞社會調查(East Asian Social Survey, EASS) 於2008年完成的抽樣調查資料,選定東亞地區在社會經濟發展程度較接近的臺灣、日本、韓國三國國家,使用順序性邏輯迴歸模型比較臺灣、日本、韓國民眾對勞動移民態度差異及成因。研究結果得知臺灣、日本、韓國民眾對勞動移民態度確實存有歧異性,反對接納勞動移民之民眾具有下列特性:有種族偏見、沒有社會接觸經驗者、保護主義態度越強烈者,其中種族偏見對民眾勞動移民態度具有影響之重要性。然而,在過去移民態度研究中備受關注的經濟競爭觀點,在本研究中僅在臺灣、日本得到驗證,臺灣、日本社會中的藍領勞工階級較容易持有反勞動移民態度。


This thesis aims to explore the general attitudes toward foreign workers in East Asia. The increasing demand for foreign labor has raised a series of debates on whether or not this would help economic growth and social cohesion in this region. In addition to socio-demographic characteristics such as sex, age, education and residence, previous studies have indicated that the anti-immigration sentiment is highly associated with personal perceptions of labor-market competition, racial prejudice and patriotism. Obviously, the more individuals have cultural contacts with foreigners, the less likely they would oppose to importing foreign workers.
The current study tries to identify the effects of major determinants associating with individuals’ attitudes toward foreign workers in Taiwan, Japan and South Korea. Using data from the 2008 East Asian Social Survey (EASS), the culture and globalization module, the results show that there are more Taiwanese and Koreans revealed anti-immigration sentiment than their Japanese counterparts. Based on the outcomes of ordered logistic regression models, the negative attitudes toward foreign workers are associated with personal racial prejudice and patriotism as previous studies. The lack of cultural contact with foreigner also decreases the degree of acceptance of labor immigration. The argument of labor market competition theory is evidenced partially. Blue-collar workers in Taiwan and Japan are least likely to accept labor migrants.


摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究重要性 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1 臺灣、日本、韓國勞動移民政策與現況 6
2.1.1 勞動移民引進政策 6
2.1.2 勞動移民現況 11
2.2 對勞動移民態度的概念意義及其測量 13
2.3 影響民眾對勞動移民態度之因素 14
2.3.1 種族偏見 14
2.3.2 勞動市場競爭 16
2.3.3 社會接觸 19
2.3.4 保護主義 20
2.3.5 個人屬性因素 21
第三章 研究設計 23
3.1 資料來源 23
3.2 變項測量 25
3.2.1 依變項:對勞動移民態度 25
3.2.2 自變項 26
3.3 資料處理與樣本清理 33
3.4 統計分析方法 34
第四章 分析結果 36
4.1 臺、日、韓民眾對勞動移民的態度差異 36
4.2 對勞動移民的態度 38
4.3 影響民眾對勞動移民態度之因素 45
第五章 結論與討論 55
參考文獻 58
附 錄 65
附錄一 各國順序性邏輯迴歸(含缺漏值) 66
附錄二 不同身分之民眾對勞動移民態度 67
A. 臺灣 67
B. 日本 67
C. 韓國 68



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