(3.238.173.209) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/16 05:09
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:王韋超
研究生(外文):Wei-Chao Wang
論文名稱:影響個體水災調適行為因素之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Factors Influencing Individual Adaptation to Flood
指導教授:蔡博文蔡博文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bor-Wen Tsai
口試委員:張長義丁志堅
口試日期:2013-07-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:地理環境資源學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:地理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:調適行為災害識覺保護動機理論調適能力
外文關鍵詞:AdaptationHazard PerceptionProtection Motivation TheoryAdaptive Capacity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:270
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
台灣常見的水災除了發生在地勢較低的地區外,一些都市地區尚可能因為過度開發、與河爭地、排水設施或防洪河堤設計不良,以及違反自然環境的土地利用方式等人為因素,而成為主要的水災受災區。在這些水災風險較高的都市地區中,常發現當個體面臨水災威脅時,會採取不同的水災調適行為來回應水災並保護家戶中的其它人免於水災的威脅,因此不同的個體水災調適行為也導致了家戶間水災損失程度的不同。針對此一過程,本研究以災害識覺、保護動機理論以及調適能力的概念,探討影響個體水災調適行為的因素,其中用以檢驗個體水災調適行為的面向分別有水災經驗、心理因素、水災風險評估、水災調適行為評估以及調適能力。新北市新莊區的後西地區中的七個里是本研究的研究區域,居民的問卷調查是採用立意抽樣的方式,有效問卷為203份。結果顯示水災經驗、心理因素、水災風險評估、個體水災調適行為評估以及調適能力等五個面向,都會使水災調適行為產生差異,而水災調適行為評估則是這五個面向中最重要的影響面向。

In general, the low-lying areas are flood-prone areas. In Taiwan, however, the flood-prone urban areas usually caused by the human factors which including over exploitation, river reservation captured, the bad design of drainage and Embankment. When flood occurred, some household taken adaptation to mitigate the impact of flood, and other did not. Why some household take flood adaptation while others do not? To answer this question, a research conception of adaptation based on Hazard Perception, Protection Motivation Theory and Adaptive Capacity is developed, explaining adaptation by residents’ previous flood experience, psychological cognition, risk of future floods, flood adaptation appraisal, and adaptive capacity. The participants in this study are home in Hou-Qi, Xinzhuang district, New Taipei City. The Sampling method is purposive sampling. Results of the study show the explanatory power of the logistic model with five factors as mentioned above. To motivate residents in flood-prone urban areas to take more adaptation, it is essential to find which group has less probable to take apaptation and improve theirs’ flood adaptation appraisal.

口試委員會審定書 i
誌謝 ii
中文摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究區 4
第二章 文獻回顧 9
第一節 彈性與調適能力 9
第二節 調適行為 17
第三節 個體調適行為研究 22
第四節 總結 30
第三章 研究設計與研究方法 34
第一節 研究流程與架構 34
第二節 研究設計與分析方法 37
第四章 資料分析與結果討論 44
第一節 樣本資料說明與自變數定義 44
第二節 影響個體水災調適行為的因素 61
第三節 研究結果與討論 72
第五章 結論與建議 77
第一節 結論 77
第二節 研究建議 81
參考文獻 83
附錄一 問卷內容 90
附錄二 行業彙整表 94
附錄三 淹水深度的描述統計表 95
附錄四 羅吉特迴歸模型結果 96



王濟川、郭志剛 (2010) Logistic迴歸模型-方法及應用,臺北市:五南書局。
邱皓政(2005)量化研究法(二)統計原理與分析技術,臺北市:雙葉書廊。
林韋秀、廖學誠 (2005) 汐止地區店家的洪患災害識覺及調適行為之研究,中華水土保持學報,36: 413-427。
林冠慧 (2010) 流域集水區人類與環境系統脆弱性分析架構之建立:台灣新竹縣尖石鄉大漢溪上游石門水庫集水區泰雅族部落為例,臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所,博士論文。
林新沛、許天生、吳明峰 (2010) 影響民眾颱風災害防備意向之因素:以台灣澎湖為例,提昇公共管治能力2010兩岸四地學術研討會。
林雪美 (2004) 台灣地區近三十年自然災害的時空特性,師大地理研究報告,41: 99-128。
林雪美、洪政耀 (2009) 新竹縣五峰鄉、尖石鄉坡地災害特性與災害識覺關聯之研究,華崗地理學報,24: 1-18。
吳明隆、涂金堂 (2005) SPSS與統計應用分析。台北市︰五南。
徐美玲 (1990) 影響居民空氣品質識覺及其因應行為因子之研究,國立台灣大學地理學系地理學報,14: 71-79。
徐美玲、王秋原 (1990) 影響基隆河流域居民對其住家環境之識覺及因應行為因子之研究,中國地理學會會刊,18: 23-39。
徐美玲、王秋原 (1991) 安坑地區居民對山坡地社區開發所造成環境衝擊之識覺,中國地理學會會刊,19: 1-19。
紀佳法 (2009) 屏東羌園地區因應地層下陷衝擊之調適行為調查,國立中山大學海洋事務研究所,碩士論文。
張長義 (1977) 環境識覺與自然災害之研究,中國地理學會會刊,5: 57-60。
張長義、周文玲 (1993) 宜蘭平原海岸地區環境災害識覺空間差異之研究,國立台灣大學地理學系地理學報,16: 21-33。
張長義 (1997) 雲嘉南地區土地利用、災害識覺及環境調適之研究-口湖鄉之個案 (四),國科會專題研究計畫成果報告,台北:台灣大學地理系。
陳鴻志 (1999) 台北市社子島洪患問題之研究,國立臺灣師範大學地理研究所,碩士論文。
曹建宇、張長義 (2008) 地震災害經驗與調適行為之比較研究-以台南縣白河、台中縣東勢居民為例,華岡地理學報,21: 52-75。
楊雲龍、張長義 (1994) 蘭陽平原災害識覺之研究,中國地理學會會刊,22: 57-76。
蔡麗玉 (1994) 地層下陷地區居民的環境識覺與調適¬-以口湖、東石為例,國立台灣師範大學地理研究所,碩士論文。
魯開元 (2005) 汐止水患對居民的災害識覺及其調適行為之探討,國立東華大學自然資源管理研究所,碩士論文。
劉厚君 (2001) 新莊社會變遷的研究,國立中央大學歷史研究所,碩士論文。
劉雅貞 (2006) 從災害識覺觀點看花蓮土石流保全住戶之疏散配合意願,國立東華大學自然資源管理研究所,碩士論文。
經濟部水利署 (2006) 易淹水地區水患治理計畫。
經濟部水利署 (2011) 塔寮坑溪排水治理計畫。
臺北縣新莊市公所 (1998) 新莊市志,漢皇文化事業機構。
臺北縣政府 (2008) 變更新莊都市計畫書。
臺北縣政府消防局 (2010) 台北縣災害防救深耕期末成果報告書。
鄭雅璟、詩欣萍 (2002) 九二一地震中投地區災情與災害識覺調查,地理教育,28:33-46。
謝旭洲 (2008) 社會統計與資料分析,臺北縣深坑鄉,威仕曼文化。
羅國彰 (2003) 居民的洪患識覺與調適行為之研究-臺北縣汐止市個案之探討,臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所,碩士論文。
羅煒婷 (2010) 宜蘭冬山河流域洪患特性變遷與居民洪患識覺之研究,國立臺灣師範大學地理研究所,碩士論文。
蘇俐洙 (2004) 居民災害識覺與教育之探討-以汐止洪患地區為例,國立台灣師範大學環境教育研究所,碩士論文。
Adger, N. W. (2001) Scales of governance and environmental justice for adaptation and mitigation of climate change, Journal of International Development, 13: 921-931.
Adger, N. W. and Vincent, L. (2005) Uncertainty in adaptive capacity, Comptes Rendus Geosciences, 337 (4): 399-410.
Adger, W. N. (2006) Vulnerability, Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 16 (3): 268-281.
Adger, W. N., Agrawala, S., Mirza, M. M. Q., Conde, C., O’Brien, K., Pulhin, J., Pulwarty, R., Smit, B. and Takahashi, K. (2007) Assessment of Adaptation Practices, Options, Constraints and Capacity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Adger, W. N., Dessai, S., Goulden, M., Hulme, M., Lorenzoni, I., Nelson, D. R., Naess, L. O., Wolf, J. and Wreford, A. (2009) Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change? Climatic Change, 93: 335-354.
Bichard, E. and Kazmierczak A. (2012) Are homeowners willing to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change? Climatic Change, 112: 633-654.
Brooks, N. (2003) Vulnerability, Risk and Adaptation: A conceptual Framework. Working Paper 38, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich.
Burton, I., Kates, R. W. and White, G. F. (1993) The Environmental as Hazard (2rd), New York: Oxford University.
Cutter, S. L. (1996) Vulnerability to environmental hazards. Progress in Human Geography, 20: 529-539.
Cutter, S. L. (2003) Social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Social Science Quarterly, 84 (2): 242-261.
Cutter, S. L., Barnes, L., Berry, M., Burton, C., Evans, E., Tate, E. and Webb, J. (2008) A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disasters. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 18: 598-606.
Eakin, H., Lerner, A. M. and Murtinho, F. (2010) Adaptive capacity in evolving peri-urban spaces: Responses to flood risk in the upper Lerma river valley, Mexico. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 20: 14-22.
Engle, N. L. (2011) Adaptive capacity and its assessment. Global Environmental Change, 21: 647-656.
Erik, B. and Aleksandra, K. (2012) Are homeoweners willing to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change ?. Climatic Change, 112: 633-654。
Folke, C., Carpenter, S., Elmqvist, T., Gunderson, L., Holling, C. S. and Walker, B. (2002) Resilience and sustainable development: building adaptive capacity in a world of transformations. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 31 (5): 437-440.
Folke, C. (2006) Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyses. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 16: 253-267.
Gallopin, G. C. (2006) Linkages between vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 16: 293-303.
Gold, J. R. (2009) Behavioural geography. In: R. Kitchin and N. Thrift, (Eds). International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Oxford: Elsevier, 282-293.
Grothmann, T. and Patt, A. (2005) Adaptive capacity and human cognition: The process of individual adaptation to climate change. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 15: 199-213.
Grothmann, T. and Reusswig, F. (2006) People at risk of flooding: Why some residents take precautionary action while others do not. Natural Hazards, 38: 101-120.
Harvatt, J., Petts, J. and Chilvers, J. (2011) Understanding householder responses to natural hazards: Flooding and sea-level rise comparisons. Journal of Risk Research, 14: 63-83.
Harries, T. (2008) Feeling secure or being secure? Why it might seem better not to protect yourself against a natural hazard. Health, Risk and Society, 10 (5): 470-490.
Harries, T. (2012) The anticipated emotional consequences of adaptive behaviour-impacts on the take-up of household flood-protection measures. Environment and Planning A, 44: 649-668.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2001) Technical summary: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. A Report of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Kasperson, R. E. and Dow, K. (1993) Hazard perception and geography. In: T. Goring and R. Golledge (Eds). Behavior and environment: Psychological and geographical approaches. Amsterdam: North Holland, 193-222.
Kasperson, J. X., Kasperson, R. E., Turner II, B. L., Schiller, A. and Hsiel, W. H. (2005) Vulnerability to Global Environmental Change. In: Kasperson, J.X., Kasperson, R.E. (Eds.). Social Contours of Risk, vol. II. Earthscan, London, 245–285.
Linnekamp, F., Koedam, A. and Baud, I. S. A. (2011) Household vulnerability to climate change: Examining perceptions of households of flood risks in Georgetown and Paramaribo. Habitat International, 35: 447-456.
Pelling, M. and High, C. (2005) Understanding adaptation: What can social capital offer assessments of adaptive capacity? Global Environmental Change, 15: 308-319.
Pielke, R. A. J. (1998) Rethinking the role of adaptation in climate policy. Global Environmental Change, 8: 159-170.
Rogers, R. W. (1983) Cognitive and physiological processes in fear appeals and attitude change: A revised theory of protection motivation. In: Cacioppo, B.L., Petty, L.L. (Eds.) , Social Psychophysiology, 153–176.
Saroar, M. M. and Routray, J. K. (2012) Impacts of climatic disasters in coastal Bangladesh: Why does private adaptive capacity differ? Regional Environmental Change, 12: 169-190.
Socher, M. and Bohme-Korn, G. (2008) Central European floods 2002: Lessons learned in Saxony. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 1: 123-129.
Smit, B. and Pilifosova, O. (2001) Adaptation to Climate Change in the Context of Sustainable Development and Equity. In Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability- Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 876-912.
Smit, B. and Pilifosova, O. (2003) From adaptation to adaptive capacity and vulnerability reduction. Climate Change, Adaptive Capacity and Development, London : Imperial College Press, 9-28.
Smit, B. and Wandel, J. (2006) Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Global Environmental Change, 16: 282-292.
Vincent, K. (2007) Uncertainty in adaptive capacity and the importance of Scale. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 17: 12-24.
White, G. F. (1945) Human Adjustment to Floods. University of Chicago, USA.
White, G. F. (1974) Natural Hazard Research Concepts, Methods, and Policy Implications. In: White, G. E. (ed.). Natural Hazard: Local, National, Global, New York: Oxford University press.
Wood, L. J. (1970) Perception Studies in Geography. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 50: 129-141.
Zaalberg, R., Midden, C., Meijnders, A. and McCalley T. (2009) Prevention, adaptation, and threat denial: flooding experiences in the Netherlands. Risk Analysis, 29: 1759-1778.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top