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研究生:張珮青
研究生(外文):Pei-Ching Chang
論文名稱:墊腳石還是陷阱?台灣非典型工作者薪資與職務流動情形
論文名稱(外文):Stepping stones or traps? Wage inequality and job mobility of nonstandard workers in Taiwan.
指導教授:柯志哲柯志哲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jyh-Jer Ko
口試委員:蘇國賢于若蓉
口試委員(外文):Kuo-Hsien SuRuoh-Rong Yu
口試日期:2013-06-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:社會學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:非典型工作人力運用擬追蹤調查長期部分工時工作臨時或人力派遣工作多元名目邏輯斯迴歸
外文關鍵詞:Nonstandard WorkManpower Utilization Quasi-Longitudinal SurveyPart-time WorkTemporary and Dispatching WorkMulti-nominal Logistic Regression
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非典型勞動,是指一種工作時數與雇用期間皆不固定的彈性化勞動形式。過去對於工作品質的研究證實,相較於典型工作,非典型工作待遇大多較為低劣。而關於非典型勞動市場的分析則主要有兩種觀點:第一種為勞動市場整合的觀點。認為非典型工作除了增加組織人力配置的機動性,更可以減少雇主篩選成本;同時員工也得以透過更為開放的勞動市場、與更有效率的整體經濟獲得益處,最後整合進入勞動市場,產生「雇主─雇員」雙贏的局面,因此這種觀點也被稱為墊腳石(stepping stone)假說。第二種回應勞動市場區隔的觀點,則被稱為陷阱(entrapment)假說,這種看法認為,非典型工作安排其實是強化勞動市場區隔,個人不僅無法找到理想工作,同時增加了不穩定雇用的風險,造成非典型就業的連鎖效應(前一份是非典型工作,下一份就越可能還是非典型工作)。為了釐清何種研究觀點較適用於解釋台灣的非典型就業情形,本文利用97 至100 年「人力運用擬追蹤調查資料庫」作為資料來源,區分出不同類型的非典型工作者。針對97 至100 年台灣就業比例變化、就業者特性、收入與工時、就業者轉職意願等四方面,以描述性統計及多元名目邏輯斯迴歸(multi-nominal logistic regression)說明目前典型與非典型就業概況,以及台灣勞動力身分變化情形。本次研究結果回應了勞動市場區隔理論的看法:比起典型工作,非典型工作在工作待遇以及流動機會上都是較差的工作類型。即便非典型工作者本身希望可以找到全時正職工作,次年仍有可能只能同樣從事非典型工作型態。尤其是臨時或人力派遣工作者更是如此。整體而言,本次迴歸分析結果相對上支持陷阱說,同時也證實了非典型工作的異質性。

Nonstandard work, who are also called contingent work, atypical work,peripheral work, and vagrant work, refers to any job in which an individual does not have an explicit or implicit contract for long-term employment or one in which the minimum hours worked can vary in a nonsystematic manner. Since nonstandard work is a complex idea, there is a debate on whether these kinds of contracts make labor market more segmented. Generally speaking, the existing literatures provide two scenarios of the consequences of nonstandard work arrangement: the stepping-stone hypothesis and the entrapment hypothesis. The stepping-stone hypothesis claims that nonstandard work provides a stepping stone for employees to attend labor market and that there is no negative consequence on their career. On the other hand, the
entrapment hypothesis, which is derived from labor market segmentation theory, assumes that nonstandard work has long-lasting negative consequences on job mobility because it makes individual workers “trapped” in the secondary labor market segment. To investigate which hypothesis fits the labor market of Taiwan better, I use “Manpower Utilization Quasi-Longitudinal Survey” to examine the wage inequality
and job mobility between standard and nonstandard workers. As a result, the findings from multi-nominal logistic regression model provide some support for the labor
market segmentation theory and the entrapment hypothesis.

第一章 研究背景與研究目的................................... 1
第二章 文獻回顧............................................. 4
 第一節 定義與類型 ........................................ 4
 第二節 非典型工作成長與使用原因 .......................... 5
 第三節 非典型工作的後果 ................................. 10
第三章 研究方法............................................ 21
 第一節 資料來源 ......................................... 21
 第二節 變數衡量 ......................................... 22
 第三節 分析策略與方法 ................................... 25
第四章 研究結果與分析...................................... 30
 第一節 描述統計:97-100 年台灣非典型就業概況說明 ........ 30
 第二節 台灣工作身分流動終點的多元邏輯斯迴歸分析 ......... 39
 第三節 小結 ............................................. 61
第五章 結論與建議 ......................................... 63
參考文獻.................................................... 66

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