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研究生:游向傑
研究生(外文):Hsiang-Chieh Yu
論文名稱:長期勞工雇用契約風險 - 美國職棒大聯盟實證研究
論文名稱(外文):Risk of Long-Term Employment Contract – Empirical Research in Major League Baseball
指導教授:曾郁仁曾郁仁引用關係
口試委員:王仁宏黃瑞卿
口試日期:2013-06-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:財務金融學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:美國職棒勞工契約風險隱藏資訊隱藏行為道德風險
外文關鍵詞:MLBlaborcontractriskhidden informationhidden actionmoral hazard
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本論文主要探討美國職棒大聯盟球團提供長期勞工雇用契約給球員時潛在的風險。對於美國職棒大聯盟的球隊而言,自由球員市場造成的球員隱藏資訊與簽約後球員的隱藏行為可能會導致支付過多薪水的風險,而這兩種主要的風險也是影響球團財務最嚴重的風險。將不同衡量球員表現的變數嵌入多元回歸模型來做美國職棒大聯盟的實證研究,可發現相較於舊合約換成一個新的短期契約,球員從舊合約換成新的長期契約時表現會變差,但在舊契約是短期契約時比較明顯。這樣的結果符合隱藏資訊與隱藏行為的假設,然而實證結果進一步顯示自由市場中的隱藏資訊風險可以被避免掉,但簽約後的隱藏行為在勞工雇用契約中是很嚴重的風險。

The paper examines the risk for teams offering long-term employment contract to players in Major League Baseball. Two major risks – hidden information in the free agent market and hidden action of the player could result in overpaying, which is a serious problem for Major League Baseball teams. Empirical results from Major League Baseball using a least-squared multiple regression model with different variables to evaluate a player’s performance suggests that players perform worse after signing long-term contracts compared to signing short-term contracts but specifically for players who is changing from a short-term contract into a long-term contract, which is consistent with the hypothesis of hidden information and hidden action. Evidence also shows that hidden information in the free agent market could be avoided but hidden action is a serious problem in contract signing.

口試委員會審定書 I
Acknowledgements II
論文摘要 III
Abstract IV
Chapter I – Research Motivation and Purpose 1
Chapter II – Literature Reviews 4
Chapter III – Introduction of MLB contract signing 8
Section I – The Nature of MLB Labor Market 8
Section II – Major League Contract 10
Section III – Re-Sign 12
Section IV – Salary Arbitration 13
Section V – Free Agent 15
Chapter IV – Research Methods 17
Section I – Research Process 17
Section II – The Data 18
Section III – Empirical Model 19
Chapter V – Research Results and Analysis 23
Section I – Descriptive Statistics 23
Section II – Empirical Results 26
Chapter VI – Summary 33
Section I – Conclusions 33
Section II – Discussions 34
Chapter VII – References 36

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