(3.238.96.184) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/08 22:14
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:張向寬
研究生(外文):Hsiang-Kuan Chang
論文名稱:氣候變遷衝擊下之區域排水改善與防洪管理
論文名稱(外文):Improvement of Drainage System for Flood Management with Assessment of Climate Change Effects
指導教授:譚義績譚義績引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yih-Chi Tan
口試委員:葉克家蔡長泰陳主惠
口試委員(外文):Keh-Chia YehChang-Tai TsaiChu-Hui Chen
口試日期:2013-06-04
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:生物環境系統工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:排水淹水模式民眾參與氣候變遷防洪管理
外文關鍵詞:inundationflood managementpublic participationclimate change
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:266
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
近年來全球極端氣候發生的頻率日趨增加,經常造成經濟與社會上重大的損失,尤其在現今人口與經濟快速成長的時代裡,大量的公共建設常開發在原本較易淹水的低窪地區,為了杜絕洪災主要都採取工程方法以減少洪水災害,然而在設計基礎防洪措施時如有地方社區民眾之公眾參與,將可幫助決策者、工程師與當地民眾之間進行交流,以決定正確的防洪減災管理策略。本研究以高雄市土庫排水集水區為例,其低窪地區近年來之土地開發與人類經濟活動頻繁,在颱風暴雨侵襲時,常造成淹水事件,另外本研究建置排水淹水模式,結合區域排水模式與二維漫地流淹水模式,用以評估防洪管理策略與洪水災害損失,其中防洪管理策略經由舉辦地方之公聽會,建立基本防洪管理共識,包括增加排水流量、使用魚塭當作滯洪池、建置抽水站與分洪道。在評估未來氣候變遷衝擊的影響部分,將利用聯合國發表之氣候變遷情境,增加降雨強度以模擬各種情境之淹水範圍與深度,並利用各種情境之災害損失,評估各種防洪管理策略。本研究期能針對排水相對困難的低窪易淹水地區,經由決策者、工程師與地方民眾相互溝通取得基本共識的原則,模擬在氣候變遷衝擊影響的情況下,採用適合的洪水管理方案。

Frequent floods caused by extreme weather conditions have caused considerable economic and social losses in recent years. Currently, numerous infrastructures have been built in the lowland areas that are prone to inundation, where measures and solutions for flood mitigation mainly have engineering aspects. Runoff discharge has increased with land development and human activities in the Tuku lowlands, Taiwan. Public participation in the township helps both stakeholders and engineers determine the principles of flood management for effective communication. An integrated drainage-inundation model combining the drainage flow model with the two-dimensional overland-flow inundation model is used to evaluate the flood management approaches with damage losses estimation. The proposed approaches include increasing drainage capacity, using fishponds as retention ponds, constructing pumping stations, and building flood diversion culverts. By assessing climate change effects of future projected rainfall increment on the drainage system, simulations were performed to obtain potential inundation extent and depth regarding damage losses for the evaluation of each proposed approach. The results indicated that the potential inundation-prone lowland area, in which drainage is relatively difficult, must be analyzed assessing climate-change impact to implement appropriate flood management approaches.

謝 誌 I
摘 要 II
Abstract III
目 錄 IV
圖 目 錄 VI
表 目 錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究目的 1
1.2研究方法 2
1.3 文獻回顧 4
第二章 研究區域 10
2.1 區域概況 10
2.2土地利用 11
2.3排水系統 11
第三章 水文分析與氣候變遷情境 17
3.1水文分析 17
3.2氣候變遷情境 24
第四章 區域排水淹水模式 30
4.1 區域排水模式 30
4.2 二維漫地流淹水模式 31
4.3 模式建置銜接與檢定驗證 33
第五章 防洪管理 41
5.1 結合公共參與的防洪管理方案 42
5.2 評估洪災損失 45
5.3 評估氣候變遷之影響 47
第六章 結論與建議 61
6.1 結論 61
6.2 建議 62
參考文獻 64

1.Bates P.D., Marks K.J. & Horritt M.S. (2003). Optimal use of high-resolution topographic data in flood inundation models. Hydrol. Process 17, 537–557.
2.Bruin D. de. (2006). Similarities and differences in the historical development of flood management in the alluvial stretches of the Lower Mississippi Basin and the Rhine Basin. Irrigation and Drainage 55, No. S1, S23-S54.
3.Burch S., Sheppard S.R.J., Shaw A. & Flanders D. (2010). Planning for climate change in a flood-prone community: municipal barriers to policy action and the use of visualizations as decision-support tools. J Flood Risk Management 3, 126–139.
4.Cunge J.A., Holly F.M. & Verwey A. Practical Aspects of Computational River Hydraulics. Pitman Publishing Ltd, London, 1976.
5.Chang Y.C., Kan C.E., Chen C.T. & Kuo S.F. (2007). Enhancement of water storage capacity in wetland rice fields through deepwater management practice. Irrigation and Drainage 56, No.1, 79-86.
6.De Wrachien D., Mambretti S. & Schultz B. (2011). Flood management and risk assessment in flood-prone areas: measures and solutions. Irrigation and Drainage 60, 229–240.
7.Guo W.D., Lai J.S. & Lin G.F. (2008). Finite-volume multi-stage schemes for shallow-water flow simulations. Intl. Jour. for Numerical Methods in Fluids 57, 177-204.
8.Horritt M.S. & Bates P.D. (2002). Evaluation of 1D and 2D numerical models for predicting river flood inundation. Journal of Hydrology 268, 87–99.
9.Horritt M.S. (2006). A methodology for the validation of uncertain flood inundation models. Journal of Hydrology 326, 153–165.
10.Houghton Y., Ding D.J., Griggs M., Noguer P.J., van der Linden X., Dai K., Maskell, C.A. Johnson, Eds. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Edinburgh, 2001.
11.Hsu M.H., Lai J.S. & Yen C.L. (1990). Two-dimensional inundation model for Taipei city. Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Urban Storm Drainage, Osaka, Japan, 1990, pp. 169-174.
12.Hsu M.H., Chen S.H. & Chang T.J. (2000). Inundation Simulation for Urban Drainage Basin with Storm Sewer System. Journal of Hydrology 234, 21-37.
13.Huber W.C. & Dickinson R.E. Storm Water Management Model. User’s Manual Ver. IV, US Environmental Protection Agency. 1988.
14.Lager J.A. & Smith W.G. Urban stormwater management and technology-an assessment. US EPA Report, EPA-67012-74- 040. 1974
15.Lai J.S., Guo W.D., Lin G.F. & Tan Y.C. (2010a). A well-balanced upstream flux-splitting finite-volume scheme for shallow-water flow simulations with irregular bed topography. Intl. Jour. for Numerical Methods in Fluids 62, 927-944.
16.Lai J.S., Chiu C.Y., Chang H.K., Hu J.C. & Tan Y.C. (2010b). Potential inundation hazards in the Taipei basin induced by reactivation of the Shanchiao fault in Northern Taiwan. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci. 21, No.3, 529–542.
17.Lai J.S., Kang S.C., Chang W.Y., Chan W.C. & Tan Y.C. (2011). Development of a 3D virtual environment for improving public participation: case study - the Yuansantze Flood Diversion Works project. Advanced Engineering Informatics 25, 208-223.
18.Lal AMW. (1998). Performance comparison of overland flow algorithms. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 124, No4, 342–349.
19.Lin G.F. & Hsu M.H. Urban stormwater modeling in Taipei metropolitan area. Proceeding of Republic of China-South Africa Bilateral Symposium on Water Resource, Taipei, Taiwan. 1994. pp. 155-166
20.Liu T.M., Tung C.P., Ke K.Y., Chuang L.H. & Lin C.Y. (2009). Application and development of a decision-support system for assessing water shortage and allocation with climate change. Paddy and Water Environment 7, No. 4, 301-311.
21.Majewski W. (2006). Measures and solutions for flood management. A local case: flash flood 2001 in Gda sk, Poland. Irrigation and Drainage 55, No. S1, S101-S111.
22.Marsalek J., Dick T.M., Wisner P.E. & Clarke W.G. (1975). Comparative evaluation of three urban runoff models. Water Resources Bulletin AWRA 11, No. 2, 306-328.
23.Mark O., Weesakul S., Apirumanekul C., Aroonnet S.B. & Djordjevic S. (2004). Potential and limitations of 1D modelling of urban flooding, Journal of Hydrology 299, 284–299
24.McCarthy O.F., Canziani N.A., Leary D.J., Dokken, K.S. White, Eds. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Edinburgh, 2001.
25.Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Rob Swart, IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Edinburgh: Cambridge University Press. 2000.
26.Pachauri R.K. & Reisinger A. Eds. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Geneva: Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change. 2007.
27.Pan T.Y., Lai J.S., Chang T.J., Chang H.K., Chang K.C. & Tan Y.C. (2011). Hybrid neural networks in rainfall-inundation forecasting based on a synthetic potential inundation database. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science 11, No. 3, 771-787.
28.Phien H.N. & Jivajirajan T. (1983). Applications of the Log Pearson type-III distribution in hydrology. Journal of Hydrology 73, No. 3, 359-372.
29.Roos M. (2006). Flood management practice in northern California. Irrigation and Drainage 55, No. S1, S93-S99.
30.Schultz B. (2001). Irrigation, drainage and flood protection in a rapidly changing world. Irrigation and Drainage 50, No. 4, 261–277.
31.Schultz B. (2006). Flood management under rapid urbanisation and industrialisation in flood-prone areas: a need for serious consideration. Irrigation and Drainage 55, No. S1, S3-S8.
32.Smith, D. I. (1994). Flood Damage Estimation: A Review of Urban Stage-Damage Curves and Loss Function. Water SA, 20(3), 231–238.
33.Te Linde A.H., Aerts J.C.J.H. & Kwadijk J.C.J. (2010). Effectiveness of Food management measures on peak discharges in the Rhine basin under climate change. J Flood Risk Management 3, 248–269.
34.Tung, C.P., Lee T.Y., Yang T.C.E. & Chen Y.J. (2009). Application of genetic programming to project climate change impacts on the population of Formosan landlocked salmon. Environmental Modelling and Software 24, 1062-1072.
35.Viljoen M.F. & Booysen H.J. (2006). Planning and management of flood damage control: the South African experience. Irrigation and Drainage 55, No. S1, S83-S91.
36.Vongvisessomjai S., Tingsanchali T. & Chaiwat C. Bangkok flood plain model, 21st IAHR Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 19-23 August. 1985.
37.Vlotman W.F., Wong T., Schultz E. (2007). Integration of drainage, water quality and flood management in rural, urban and lowland areas. Irrigation and Drainage 56, No. S1, S161–S177.
38.Water Resources Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs. The Planning of Regulation and Environment Rehabilitation of Tuku Drainage. Taiwan, 2008.
39.Werner M., Blazkova S. & Petr J. (2005). Spatially distributed observations in constraining inundation modelling uncertainties. Hydrological Processes. 19, 3081–3096.
40.Yen B.C. & Akan A.O. Hydraulic design of urban drainage systems. In: Mays, L.W. (Ed.), Hydraulic Design Handbook. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1999.
41.Yu D. & Lane S.N. (2006). Urban fluvial flood modeling using a two-dimensional diffusion-wave treatment, Park1: mesh resolution effects, Hydrological Processes. 20, 1541–1565.
42.經濟部水利署(2008),「土庫排水系統整治及環境營造規劃」。
43.陳仁炯(2006),「滿管流雨水下水道輸水能力之研究」,國立成功大學水利及海洋工程研究所碩士論文。
44.張齡方,蘇明道(2001), 「空間資料於洪災損失推估之應用」,農業工程學報, 47(1), 20–28。
45.蘇明道,張齡方,糠瑞林,林美君(2002) ,「區域洪災損失評估方法之比較研究」,臺灣水利。
46.薛曙生(1997),「洪災保險制度(潭底洋地區) 案例調查分析」,經濟部水資源局86 年研究計畫。
47.許銘熙,郭振泰,鄭克聲,蘇明道(2003),「臺北市排水系統調查檢討及資料建檔-雨水下水道設施標準評析之初期計畫-積水損失調查分析」,臺北市政府工務局養護工程處研究報告。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔