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研究生:王渝灃
研究生(外文):Yu-Feng Wang
論文名稱:公豬採精自動化之電腦模擬
論文名稱(外文):Computer Simulation of Automatic Boar Semen Collection
指導教授:周楚洋
指導教授(外文):Chu-Yang Chou
口試委員:林達德姜延年
口試委員(外文):Ta-Te Lin
口試日期:2013-07-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:生物產業機電工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:自動化公豬採精電腦模擬
外文關鍵詞:AutomationBoar semen collectionComputer simulation
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傳統的手套法(Gloved-hand method)採精,有作業效率低、人員工作時間長,以及不符合人員作業安全與人體工學等缺點,而近來所發展的採精作業自動化應可解決上述的問題。目前台灣的農村普遍存在勞力短缺的問題,因此採精作業自動化是養豬產業發展的必然趨勢。為因應產業的發展,本研究擬建構一套電腦模式,模擬採精作業的現場操作,進行電腦模擬並找出關鍵影響因子以改善現況。
本研究依照試驗種豬場採精作業的現場配置分成五個時間區段:1. 豬欄移動至準備室,2. 準備室等待時間,3. 準備室移動至採精室,4. 採精時間,以及5. 採精結束由採精室回去豬欄的時間。首先在現場收集20頭公豬整個採精過程的時間數據,以此做為建立模式的基本資料,找出各區間所使用時間的平均值及標準差,作為模式中之設定參數。模擬程式的開發環境為Microsoft Visual Studio 2010,以C++撰寫,圖形顯示則使用OpenGL函式庫,程式可調整的變數有採精時間與豬隻行走速率,而使用者介面參數設定選項包含有採精豬隻數、採精室與準備室選用數、出豬順序等。
建立初步模擬程式後,再以不同試驗時間所收集的32頭公豬的採精時間數據與初步模擬程式的電腦模擬結果做比較,進行參數的調整,此修改後的程式則再與不同試驗時間所收集的37頭公豬實際數據做比較,用以驗證模擬程式。在模擬程式確立後,對於現有豬場設備的使用可以進行評估與規劃,比如測試變數可包含採精室與準備室開放間數、待採豬隻出欄順序以及趕豬員工數,經由重覆模擬執行後比較其試驗結果,找出最佳的規劃如下:1. 開放4個採精室可提升約43%之時間效率,2. 受限於採精室個數,增開準備室對於整體時間節省的效益不大,故不建議增開準備室,以及3.採用離準備室最近之豬欄先出豬,所需總時間為最少。


For semen collection, the traditional gloved-hand method had several disadvantages such as low working efficiency, intensive labors, not considering the safety of collectors and human factors. The newly developed automated semen collection technique should be able to solve the above problems. Recently, labor shortage is a common problem existed in rural area of Taiwan, and the automated semen collection is a must for the swine industry. To follow the development of industry, the aim of this study is to develop a model which is able to simulate the operation of semen collection, and computer simulations will be conducted to find out the key factors of improving performance.
According to the semen collection operation of the testing breeding farm, the whole process were separated into five time slots in this study: 1. moving time from pig pen to the waiting room, 2. waiting time, 3. moving time from waiting room to semen collection room, 4. semen collection time, and 5. moving time from semen collection room back to pig pen. Firstly, 20 heads of boars were intensively sampling for individual time slots data during the whole collection process. The means and standard deviations for each time slot were found and used as the starting parameters for a draft model using those previously collected data. The computer program of the model was coded with C++ based on Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, and the OpenGL was used for graph displaying. The manipulated variables in this program include semen collection time and the walking speed of the boar, and the interface parameters need be set up before executing the program are: number of boars to be collected, numbers of semen collection room and the waiting room to be chosen for operation, and order of boars to be collected. The parameters of this draft model was adjusted after their simulation results being compared with data collected from another batch of 32 heads of boars. This modified model was further validated using the data collected from another batch of 37 heads of boars.
This validated model could be used in evaluating and planning of the existing facilities of the breeding farm. For example, the tested variables could include the number of semen collection room and waiting room, the order of boars to be collected and the number of operator driving the boars. After conducting recursive simulations and comparing the tested results, the optimal planning was found as follows: 1. using 4 semen collection rooms simultaneously could save operation time up to 43%, 2. efficiency improving was not significant when increasing the number of waiting rooms owing to the limitation of number of semen collection room, and 3. the minimum total operation time was achieved if the nearest boar from waiting room was out first.


誌謝 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
第一章前言與研究目的 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2研究目的 2
第二章文獻探討 3
2-1 公豬採精 3
2-1-1 豬種 3
2-1-1-1杜洛克 3
2-1-1-2藍瑞斯 4
2-1-1-3約克夏 5
2-1-2 人工授精 6
2-1-2-1人工授精應用生物技術 7
2-1-2-2人工授精之精液採取 9
2-1-2-3自動化採精 10
2-2 模擬技術 12
2-2-1 藥局調劑規畫模擬(謝等人,2008) 13
2-2-2 豬隻屠宰場作業動線模擬(周等人,2009) 15
第三章材料與方法 17
3-1 試驗材料 17
3-1-1 種豬 17
3-1-2 試驗場所 19
3-2 自動化採精系統組成與設計 25
3-2-1 假母台 25
3-2-2 人工陰道 25
3-2-3 氣壓控制系統 26
3-3 研究流程 28
3-4 模擬程式設計 33
第四章結果與討論 38
4-1建立模擬程式 38
4-2 數據建立 44
4-3測試與修改 47
4-4模擬程式評估豬場現況 58
4-4-1採精室使用之評估 58
4-4-2準備室使用之評估 59
4-4-3豬隻出欄順序之評估 61
4-4-4趕豬員之評估 63
第五章結論與建議 64
參考文獻 65
附錄 68



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