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研究生:戴乃強
研究生(外文):Nai-Chiang Dai
論文名稱:水稻蔗糖轉運蛋白基因OsSUT4受刻傷誘導表現之調控機制
論文名稱(外文):Regulation of mechanical wounding induced expression of sucrose transporter gene OsSUT4
指導教授:王淑珍王淑珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Jen Wang
口試委員:洪傳揚陳仁治葉開溫黃文理
口試委員(外文):Chwan-Yang HongJen-Chih ChenKai-Wun YehWen-Lii Huang
口試日期:2013-07-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:農藝學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:機械傷害水稻蔗糖轉運蛋白啟動子
外文關鍵詞:Mechanical woundingpromoterrice (Oryza sativa L.)sucrose transporter
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植物生長過程中會遭受到許多的生物和非生物造成之刻傷逆境。當植物遇刻傷逆境時將會調整其生理及代謝反應以進行修補及防禦反應。糖類分子於刻傷逆境反應中具有提供修補所需碳源及能量之功能。水稻蔗糖轉運蛋白(sucrose transporter, SUT)家族基因中之OsSUT4的表現量會受到機械性傷害和斜紋夜盜蟲(Spodoptera litura)的咬食之刺激而明顯增強。在機械性傷害處理之葉部,與蔗糖代謝相關之蔗糖水解酵素(OsCIN1)及單糖轉運蛋白(OsMST6)之表現也會受到刻傷逆境誘導。然而當水稻莖稈受到褐飛蝨(Nilaparvata lugens)刺吸後OsSUT4的基因表現卻會受到抑制。進一步之試驗結果顯示,機械性刻傷處理後,茉莉酸(JA)和乙烯生合成相關基因均有增加之現象,且此二種荷爾蒙均可促進OsSUT4基因表現,另以茉莉酸合成抑制劑處理水稻植株將會降低機械性刻傷誘導OsSUT4基因表現之反應。此外,刻傷處理將誘導H2O2累積,且H2O2具增強刻傷刺激誘導OsSUT4基因表現之功能。進而,藉由OsSUT4之不同長度的啟動子接上GUS報導基因之水稻轉殖株分析,發現調控OsSUT4受機械性刻傷誘導表現之啟動子調控序列位於轉譯起始點至其上游248個核苷酸序列間。

Plants are often suffered by wounding stresses caused by biotic and abiotic factors during growth and development, and they will modulate physiological and metabolic behavior to process repair and defense responses. Sugars play an important role to provide carbon and energy source for healing at wound site. The expression of OsSUT4 gene, one of rice sucrose transporter family member, was significantly enhanced by mechanical woundsing and Spodoptera litura chewing stimuli. However, when rice plants was attacked by sap-sucking pest, i.e. Nilaparvata lugens, OsSUT4 gene expression in rice culm was down-regulated. In addition to OsSUT4 expression, the transcript levels of the cell wall invertase gene (OsCIN1) and monosaccharide transporter gene (OsMST6) were also increased in mechanical wounding-treated rice plants. Expression of OsSUT4 can be promoted by exogenous jasmonate (JA) and ethylene. Furthermore, if JA biosynthesis pathway was blocked, the wound-induced OsSUT4 expression would be repressed. In addition, since NADPH oxidase inhibitor treatment can reduce the wounding effect on OsSUT4 expression, H2O2 was considered to function as a signal factor involved to the regulatory pathway of wound-regulated OsSUT4 expression. According to OsSUT4 promoter activity analysis in transgenic rice plants, it was suggested that the wounding-responsive element on OsSUT4 promoter was located at the region within 248 bp upstream of the translation start codon.

誌謝………………………………………………………………………………………i
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………………ii
Abstract………………………………………………………………………iii
目錄………………………………………………………………………………… iv
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………………vii
附表及附圖目錄……………………………………………………………viii
縮寫字對照………………………………………………………………………ix
一、 前言………………………………………………………………………………1
1. 機械性傷害逆境對碳水化合物轉運影響……………………………………1
2. 糖類分子於植物刻傷反應中的角色和功能……………………………………2
3. 水稻的蔗糖轉運蛋白研究………………………………………………………2
4. 糖類相關轉運蛋白及代謝相關基因受機械性傷害逆境的影響………………4
5. 植物受機械性傷害和昆蟲咬食所引起之異同…………………………………5
6. 刻傷逆境的訊息傳導因子………………………………………………………5
7. 本論文研究主題…………………………………………………………………7
二、 材料與方法……………………………………………………………………8
1. 植物材料………………………………………………………………………8
2. 種子消毒和植株培養…………………………………………………………8
3. 水稻機械性傷害處理…………………………………………………………8
4. 三葉齡水稻幼苗斜紋夜盜蟲餵養處理………………………………………8
5. 三葉齡水稻幼苗的褐飛蝨餵養處理…………………………………………9
6. 水稻植株內生糖含量測定……………………………………………………9
6.1 測定材料………………………………………………………………9
6.2 水稻葉身可溶性糖含量測定……………………………………………9
7.MeJA、SA、ABA、ET荷爾蒙藥劑處理………………………10
8.荷爾蒙、過氧化氫生合成抑制劑前處理………………………………10
9.過氧化氫定性及定量測定……..…………..…………………………………11
9.1刻傷逆境下過氧化氫(H2O2)定性觀察……………………………………11
9.2刻傷逆境下過氧化氫(H2O2)定量測定……………………………………11
10.穩定性表現系統進行啟動子活性分析…………………………………11
10.1 OsSUT4基因啟動子-GUS轉殖水稻POsSUT4………………………11
10.2 構築水稻蔗糖轉運蛋白OsSUT4基因啟動子穩定性表現載體………11
10.3 EHA105農桿菌勝任細胞的製備………………………………………12
10.4 EHA105農桿菌轉型……………………………………………………12
10.5 水稻癒傷組織的誘導…………………………………………………15
10.6 水稻農桿菌轉殖……………………………………………………… 13
10.7 轉殖水稻GUS活性之組織化學染色分析……………………………14
11. 基因表現分析………………………………………………………………14
11.1 水稻總RNA萃取……………………………………………………14
11.2 TURBO DNase處理…………………………………………………15
11.3 RNA電泳………………………………………………………………15
11.4 即時反轉錄聚合酶連鎖反應(real-time RT-PCR)……………………16
三、結果………………………………………………………………………………17
1. 機械性傷害對OsSUT4、OsCIN1及水稻單糖轉運蛋白OsMST6基因表現影響………………………………………………………………………………17
2. 斜紋夜盜蟲對水稻蔗糖轉運蛋白的影響………………………………… 17
3. 褐飛蝨對水稻蔗糖轉運蛋白的影響………………………………………17
4.水稻內生糖含量對於刻傷逆境誘導OsSUT4基因表現影響………………18
5.探討荷爾蒙是否參與機械性傷害誘導OsSUT4表現的調控機制…………18
5.1 MeJA相關探討………………………………………………………… 18
5.2 SA相關探討……………………………………………………………18
5.3 ABA相關探討…………………………………………………………19
5.4 乙烯相關探討……………………………………………………………19
6. 過氧化氫(Hydrogen peroxide)在刻傷逆境中對OsSUT4基因表現的影響…20
7. 受刻傷逆境OsSUT4基因啟動子之活性探討………………………………20
四、討論……………………………………………………………………………22
1. OsSUT4在植物受機械性傷害反應中可能扮演的角色…………………22
2. 醣分子對於刻傷誘導OsSUT4表現的探討………………………………22
3. 機械性傷害、斜紋夜盜蟲和褐飛蝨對SUT影響的探討…………………23
4. 刻傷逆境下各荷爾蒙對OsSUT4表現的探討………………………………24
5. 刻傷逆境下H2O2對OsSUT4基因表現的影響探討…………………………25
6. 受到刻傷逆境調控的OsSUT4啟動子區域探討……………………………26
7. 結語及未來展望……………………………………………………………27
五、參考文獻…………………………………………………………………………51


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