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研究生:吳俊陵
研究生(外文):Chun-Lin Wu
論文名稱:LTE-Advanced中離散式接力傳輸資源分配演算探討
論文名稱(外文):RAL: Distributed Relay Assignment by Learning in LTE-Advanced Networks
指導教授:林宗男林宗男引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsung-Nan Lin
口試委員:廖婉君陳俊良蔡子傑
口試委員(外文):Wan-Jiun LiaoJiann-Liang ChenTzu-Chieh Tsai
口試日期:2013-07-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:電信工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:38
中文關鍵詞:離散演算法接力傳輸資源協調式通訊隨機自動學習機第四代通信技術
外文關鍵詞:LTE-AdvancedCooperative communicationRelay assignmentStochastic learning automataDistributed Algorithm
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在新一代通訊系統中,接力資源分配方式將會對效能影響甚巨。接力資源分配是指在網路環境中,將接力點分配給傳輸效能不好的使用者,用以提升這些使用者的傳輸速度。目前為止,已經有許多研究文獻對此議題提出數個利用集中式演算法的解決方法,但這些方式讓基地台必須收集所有網路系統中的通道資訊,造成基地台嚴重負擔,並且未完全契合設計接力點的真正功能---提升原本傳輸效能較差的使用者。
這份研究提出一個基於離散式演算法的解決方案。透過隨機自動學習機制,使用者根據網路環境回傳的效能值,自行選擇適合的傳輸方式。實驗結果證明我們提出的分配演算法,有良好的收斂特性與負載平衡特性,效能方面也十分卓越。


Relay assignment is a crucial issue and it affects the performance
of cooperative communication networks, which means assigning the
proper relay nodes (RN) to cell-edge users (UE) in order to exploit
the spatial diversity through relay nodes and improve cell-edge performance.
Several assignment strategies have been proposed in literatures.
Nevertheless, the previous works solved this problem by centralized
way, where base station (eNB) will serve as a control node to
collect the channel conditions and location information and make the
final decision. Maximize aggregate performance is a typical objective
of centralized assignment strategy to improve system capacity in the
network using Hungarian algorithm. Another optimally centralized
algorithm, max-min feature, is to maximize the minimum data rate
among all users. It is shown to find the optimal objective regardless
the initial relay node. Although centralized methods could have better
performance for system, it takes high operation and maintenance
tasks in eNB, where it infringes the operational requirements of smallcell
enhancements. This work is motivated to propose a distributed
algorithm, which means that each UE would choose its own appropriate
RN individually. To achieve this goal, we proposed a strategy
called ”Distributed Relay Assignment by Learning” (RAL) based on
stochastic learning automata. Under the new assignment algorithm,
not only the local performance is preserved, but also the benefited
probability of UEs is raised obviously.

1 Introduction 1
2 BackgroundInformation 5
2.1 Layer 1 Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.2 Layer 2 Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3 RelatedWorks 11
3.1 Maximize the Aggregate Performance (OPRA) . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.2 Max-min the performance among all UEs (ORA) . . . . . . . . . 13
3.3 Greedy Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.4 Observation of previous works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4 System Model and Proposed Algorithm 15
4.1 System Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.2 Stochastic Learning Automata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.3 Proposed Algorithm - Distributed Relay Assignment by Learning
(RAL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3.1 Algorithm Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3.2 Learning algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
5 Parameter Settings and Simulation Results 21
5.1 Parameter settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.2 Simulation results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
6 Conclusions 33
Bibliography 35

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