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研究生:陳宇志
研究生(外文):Yu-Chih Chen
論文名稱:水平式排列奈米碳管叢應變感測器之設計與研究
論文名稱(外文):Design and Research of Horizontally Aligned Carbon Nanotube Forest Strain Gauges
指導教授:張所鋐
指導教授(外文):Shuo-Hung Chang
口試委員:施文彬
口試委員(外文):Wen-Pin Shih
口試日期:2013-07-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:填鐵奈米碳管叢穿隧效應應變規因子容積密度
外文關鍵詞:iron-filled CNTstunneling effectgauge factorbulk density
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:212
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奈米碳管製作應變感測器已有多項研究,但大部分都為單壁奈米碳管或是奈米碳管混合聚合物之研究,鮮少有純粹以多壁碳管薄膜製作感測器的研究。利用微量的奈米碳管與聚合物製作的奈米複合材料來當作應變感測器,皆是利用聚合物本身的穿隧效應來達到電阻變化,卻很少用到奈米碳管本身的優異特性。有部分的文獻使用大量的奈米碳管製作成薄膜,但是薄膜裡的奈米碳管皆是雜亂無序的排列。
本論文利用一種創新之手法來製作奈米碳管的應變感測器,其中有兩個最特別之處,其一是利用丙酮蒸氣使垂直式排列奈米碳管叢倒下形成水平式排列奈米碳管叢,並增加其容積密度。倒下的水平式奈米碳管叢具有排列性,可以提升穩定性和靈敏度,增加水平式奈米碳管叢的容積密度可以使感測器在拉伸的情況下增加水平式奈米碳管之間的接觸形成並聯,使電阻變小。另一個特別之處是在金屬電極上成長奈米碳管叢來連接水平式排列奈米碳管叢的兩端。電極成長的奈米碳管與水平式奈米碳管接觸可以大幅降低接觸電阻,以提升電阻變化率。
本研究製作了不同參數的感測器,並進行了多種的量測,包含了靜態拉伸量測、動態拉伸量測、不同溫度的電阻量測。其中以丙酮蒸氣製作水平式奈米碳管叢,電極用不鏽鋼線成長三層填鐵奈米碳管叢的應變感測器表現最好,其應變規因子可以高達50。此法製作的應變感測器還有許多空間可以再提升靈敏度和穩定性,甚至是大幅縮小感測器之尺寸,以應用在未來各種奈米科技的微小裝置上。


There are many researches about producing strain gauge with carbon nanotubes (CNTs). But most of them are studying single-wall carbon nanotubes or nanocompsites of low loading CNTs and polymer. There are few researches about producing stain gauge with multi-wall carbon nanotubes. In these researches, the resistance change of nanocomposite stain sensors is obtained due to the tunneling effect between adjacent CNTs rather than using the intrinsic characteristics of CNTs. Some of the researches produce strain sensors with film of high loading CNTs, but all carbon nanotubes in films are non-aligned.
In this paper, we provide a novel way to produce stain sensors with CNTs. There are two special parts in this work. The first part is self-directed acetone infiltration. It can lay the vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VA-CNTs) into the horizontally aligned carbon nanotubes (HA-CNTs) and increasing the bulk density of HA-CNTs. Because the CNTs of sensors are aligned, it can improve the sensitivity and stability. Additionally, the large bulk density of HA-CNTs dominates paralleling effect among CNTs under stretching. The resistance of sensors decreases with paralleling contact between HA-CNT and HA-CNT. The other part is growth iron-filled CNTs on electrodes which connect to HA-CNTs. The results decrease the resistance of sensors prominently, and improve the sensitivity of sensors.
We produce sensors with different parameters and proceed with multiple measurements on these sensors. Like static measurements, dynamic measurements, and the resistance changes with different temperatures. The best sensors we produced are using the acetone vapor as the self-directed liquid infiltration to turn VA-CNTs into HA-CNTs and growth three layers iron-filled CNTs on electrodes made by stainless steel wires. The gauge factor of the sensors made by this way can reaches about 50. It still has great potential to promote sensitivity and stability, and even decrease the size largely for applications in the future.


誌謝 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xv
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機 2
第二章、文獻回顧 3
2.1 奈米碳管 3
2.1.1 奈米碳管之組成結構與物理特性 3
2.1.2 奈米碳管之合成方法 6
2.1.3 奈米碳管之成長機制 8
2.2 填鐵奈米碳管叢 11
2.2.1 填鐵碳管叢之成長方法 11
2.2.2 填鐵碳管叢之成長填鐵機制 12
2.3 自我導向之毛細現象的水平排列奈米碳管叢 14
2.4 奈米碳管與奈米碳管之接觸電阻 17
2.5 奈米碳管叢應變感測器之應用 19
第三章、實驗流程與架構 23
3.1 試片的準備 24
3.1.1 矽基材試片的準備 24
3.1.2 電極的準備 30
3.2 蒸鍍氧化鋁緩衝層與鐵催化劑薄膜 31
3.3 三段式高溫爐之化學氣相沉積 31
3.3.1 矽基材成長無填鐵碳管叢 32
3.3.2 電極成長填鐵奈米碳管叢 34
3.4 顯微分析 36
3.5 水平式之排列奈米碳管叢 40
3.5.1 利用液態水滴使垂直式排列之奈米碳管叢倒下 40
3.5.2 利用丙酮蒸氣使垂直式排列奈米碳管叢倒下 41
3.6 應變感測器之設計製作 42
3.7 應變感測器之電阻變化原理 49
3.8 應變感測器的拉伸量測架構 51
3.8.1 應變感測器之靜態量測 54
3.8.2 應變感測器之動態量測 54
3.9 應變感測器的溫度變化量測架構 57
第四章、實驗結果與討論 58
4.1 水平式排列之奈米碳管叢的製作 58
4.1.1 不同梯形之寬度對於成長垂直式排列奈米碳管叢的影響 58
4.1.2 不同液體對奈米碳管叢的毛細作用 63
4.2 金屬電極成長填鐵奈米碳管叢 72
4.2.1 銅導線成長不同層數的填鐵奈米碳管叢 72
4.2.2 不鏽鋼線成長不同層數的填鐵奈米碳管叢 75
4.3 接觸電極之探討 78
4.3.1 金屬電極成長完填鐵奈米碳管叢的電阻 78
4.3.2 金屬電極與水平式排列奈米碳管叢的接觸電阻 82
4.4 不同應變感測器的製作 87
4.5 不同應變感測器的拉伸量測 91
4.5.1 銅導線製作不同參數之感測器的靜態與動態量測 92
4.5.2 不鏽鋼線製作不同參數之感測器的靜態與動態量測 97
4.5.3 利用銀膠連接水平式奈米碳管叢和電極之感測器的量測 101
4.6 溫度對於應變感測器的電阻之影響 102
4.7 比較其他文獻利用奈米碳管叢製作的應變感測器 104
第五章、結論與未來展望 106
5.1 結論 106
5.2 未來展望 107
參考文獻 109


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