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研究生:王騰霆
研究生(外文):Teng-Ting Wang
論文名稱:顆粒狀活性碳於批次反應器及小管柱試驗去除水中內分泌干擾物質和藥物與個人保健用品—以Octylphenol,Caffeine和Carbamazepine為例
論文名稱(外文):Adsorption of EDCs/PPCPs in Aqueous Solution onto Granular Activated Carbon in Batch Reactors and RSSCT – Exemplified by Octylphenol, Caffeine and Carbamazepine
指導教授:蔣本基蔣本基引用關係
口試委員:顧洋曾迪華張怡怡
口試日期:2013-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:環境工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:顆粒狀活性碳辛基酚咖啡因卡巴氮平等溫吸附非競爭競爭貫穿曲線小管柱試驗
外文關鍵詞:GACoctylphenolcaffeinecarbamazepineLangmuir isothermnon-competitivecompetitiveYoon-Nelson modelRSSCT
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近年來內分泌干擾物質以及藥物與個人保健用品存在於自然水體中受到國人及社會的關注。本研究中,以辛基酚、咖啡因、卡巴氮平三種中性化合物為例,利用顆粒狀活性碳(F400)探討汙染物於批次反應器及管柱試驗的吸附行為。在單一物質的溶液中,三個化合物皆符合Langmuir等溫吸附模式,然而在多物質的系統中,需導入校正係數於競爭模式中,來改變汙染物吸附於活性碳上的親和性,透過吸附比率及校正係數的關係,可精確預測汙染物於多物質系統中的吸附量。
於小管柱試驗中,咖啡因與卡巴氮平的貫穿曲線可由Yoon-Nelson模式描述之,而辛基酚可透過更改的Yoon-Nelson模式來表達吸附行為。在單一系統中,由於受到接觸時間的影響,管柱實驗所得到的吸附量會小於Langmuir等溫吸附模式之預測值;另外,辛基酚具有揮發性,因此在三物質的混合系統中,咖啡因與卡巴氮平並不會受到辛基酚如同批次反應器中的競爭,使得由等溫吸附模式得到的預測值會低估兩者的吸附量。


Presence of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the aquatic environment have caused great public health concern in recent years. The purpose of this study is to investigate the adsorption behavior of EDC/PPCPs onto the granular activated carbon, F400. Three neutral target compounds including, octylphenol, caffeine and carbamazepine, were used in this study for conducting the adsorption experiments in both batch reactors and columns. The adsorption data of target compounds were fitted to the Langmuir isotherm in the mono-component systems; however, the correction coefficients needed to be introduced for modifying the competitive isotherm that the affinity of target compounds onto F400 was varied in the multi-component systems. By the relationship of correction coefficients and the fraction adsorbed on the adsorbent, the adsorption capacity could be predict accurately.
The breakthrough profiles in RSSCTs were fitted in Yoon-Nelson models for caffeine and carbamazepine, and modified Yoon-Nelson models for octylphenol to evaluate the breakthrough behavior. The GAC adsorption capacity of the columns were found to be less than that predicted by Langmuir isotherm in the mono-component systems mainly due to incomplete contact was provided in the column tests. Moreover, the volatilization of octylphenol caused the difference on competition behaviors that octylphenol was not predominant over the adsorption process. Therefore, the adsorption capacity of caffeine and carbamazepine were underestimated in the column tests because there was no such competition from octylphenol in the tertiary-component systems as the conditions in the batch reactors.

誌謝 (I)
Abstract (II)
中文摘要 (IV)
Contents (V)
List of Figures (IX)
List of Tables (XII)
Oral Defense Comments (XIII)
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-1 Background (1-1)
1-2 Objectives (1-3)
Chapter 2 Literature Review
2-1 Chemicals of Emerging Concern in the Environment (2-1)
2-1-1 The Characteristics of Octylphenol (2-2)
2-1-2 The Characteristics of Caffeine (2-4)
2-1-3 The Characteristics of Carbamazepine (2-4)
2-2 Activated Carbon (2-6)
2-2-1 Surface Chemistry of Granular Activated Carbon, F400 (2-8)
2-3 Langmuir Isotherm Model (2-10)
2-4 Multi-component Adsorption Isotherm (2-11)
2-4-1 Non-Competitive Langmuir Model (2-11)
2-4-2 Competitive Adsorption Models (2-11)
2-4-2-1 Extended Langmuir Model (2-12)
2-4-2-2 Modified Extended Langmuir Model (2-12)
2-5 Rapid Small-Scale Column Test (2-14)
2-5-1 Characteristics of Ground GAC for RSSCT (2-16)
2-6 Yoon-Nelson model (Y-N model) (2-17)
2-7 Mass Transfer (2-19)
2-7-1 Film Mass Transfer Coefficients (2-19)
2-7-2 Mass Transfer Zone (2-20)
2-8 Homogeneous Surface Diffusion Model (2-24)
Chapter 3 Materials and Methods
3-1 Research Flowchart (3-1)
3-2 Target Compounds (3-2)
3-3 Preparation of Granular Activated Carbon (3-3)
3-4 Experimental Methods (3-4)
3-4-1 Experimental Design (3-4)
3-4-2 Batch Reactor Experiments (3-5)
3-4-3 Rapid Small-Scale Column Test (RSSCT) (3-6)
3-5 Analytical Methods (3-8)
3-5-1 Solid-Phase Extraction (3-8)
3-5-2 Gas Chromatograph / Mass Spectrophotometer (GC/MS) (3-9)
Chapter 4 Results and discussion
4-1 Langmuir Isotherm Model (4-1)
4.2 Effects of Concentration on Adsorption Capacity (4-5)
4.2.1 Equilibrium Adsorption Capacity of Octylphenol (4-5)
4.2.2 Equilibrium Adsorption Capacity of Caffeine (4-7)
4.2.3 Equilibrium Adsorption Capacity of Carbamazepine (4-8)
4.2.4 Summary (4-10)
4.3 Multi-component Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm (4-11)
4.3.1 Non-competitive Isotherm (4-11)
4.3.2 Competitive Isotherm (4-12)
4.3.3 Modified Competitive Isotherm (4-14)
4.3.3.1 Binary-component systems (4-14)
4.3.3.2 Tertiary-component systems (4-23)
4.3.4 Summary (4-27)
4.4 Rapid Small-Scale column Test (RSSCT) (4-29)
4.4.1 Breakthrough Curve (4-29)
4.4.2 Comparison of Adsorption Capacity (4-35)
4.4.3 Mass Transfer and Diffusion (4-38)
4.4.3.1 Film Mass Transfer Coefficients (4-38)
4.4.3.2 Mass Transfer Zone (MTZ) (4-39)
4.4.3.3 Homogeneous Surface Diffusion Coefficients (4-41)
4.4.4 Summary (4-44)
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Recommendations
5-1 Conclusions (5-1)
5-2 Recommendations (5-3)
Reference
Appendix


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