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研究生:洪瑋淳
研究生(外文):Wei-Chuen Hung
論文名稱:以類神經網路多層感知模型分析影響台灣基層金融產業創新阻礙之因素
論文名稱(外文):The Factor Analysis of Innovational Obstruction Impacts in Taiwanese Grassroots Financial Industry by Applying Neural Network Model
指導教授:徐怡徐怡引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:經營管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:創新阻礙成本因素知識因素市場因素
外文關鍵詞:Innovational ObstructionCost FactorsKnowledge FactorsMarket Factors
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本研究目的是以類神經網路模型分析影響台灣基層金融產業創新阻礙之因素,資料來源取自第三次台灣產業創新調查資料庫,抽取該資料庫中70家台灣基層金融產業公司為樣本進行研究,且針對台灣基層金融產業在創新過程中所受到阻礙的影響因素有哪些?並分析這些因素所帶來的影響程度。本研究利用類神經網路模型中的多層感知模型(Multi–Layer Perceptron,MLP)作為本研究的架構模型與方法,且進一步探討成本因素之相關活動、知識因素之相關活動、市場因素之相關活動,這11項變數與創新阻礙間的影響;而本文的研究結果顯示,這11項自變數與創新阻礙這項應變數間皆有顯著影響,其結果只有缺乏技術資訊此自變數對創新阻礙的影響為負向影響,其餘10項自變數對創新阻礙的影響皆為正向影響。
最後則提出本研究之貢獻與限制,本研究貢獻相較於過去的研究有不同之地方在於探討阻礙創新的相關因素,藉由這些因素去了解企業會受到哪些影響及阻礙程度的高低;研究限制則是由於針對此類議題的研究較少,因此在蒐集文獻資料時較無直接可印證的相關文獻。


This study analyzed the factors impacting on the innovational obstruction of grassroots financial industry in Taiwan by applying Neural Network analysis model. The data of this study was collected from Third Taiwan Industrial Innovation Survey and this study focused on seventy firm–level samples in grassroots financial industry. This study utilized the Multi–Layer Perceptron (MLP) to explore the cost, knowledge and market factors related to activities with innovational obstruction. These eleven factors are stated hereunder as independent variables and innovational obstruction as dependent variable. The results of this study showed that eleven independent variables had significantly influence on dependent variable. Only one independent variable, which is lack of technical information for innovation obstruct negatively impacts on innovation obstruction; mean while, other ten independent variables for innovation obstruct positively impact on innovation obstruction.
Finally, this study provided several useful contributions and remained limitations. In comparison previous studies, the contribution of this study helps to explore barrier factors related to innovation, from which the impacts and consequences to business will be understood. However, this study is limited due to the limited relation between the data collected andthe relevant literature.


摘要................................................i
Abstract............................................iii
致謝................................................iv
目錄................................................v
表目錄..............................................vii
圖目錄..............................................viii
第一章 緒論.........................................1
1.1 研究背景........................................1
1.2 研究動機........................................3
1.3 研究目的........................................5
1.4 研究流程........................................7
第二章 文獻探討與研究假說...........................9
2.1 台灣基層金融產業................................9
2.1.1 台灣基層金融產業之定義........................9
2.1.2 台灣基層金融產業之背景沿革....................9
2.1.3 台灣基層金融產業之概況........................12
2.2 創新............................................13
2.2.1 創新之定義....................................13
2.2.2 創新之影響....................................14
2.3 創新阻礙........................................16
2.4 創新阻礙投入之因素..............................17
2.4.1 成本因素之相關文獻............................17
2.4.2 知識因素之相關文獻............................19
2.4.3 市場因素之相關文獻............................22
2.5 研究假說........................................26
第三章 研究設計與方法...............................27
3.1 研究架構........................................27
3.2 資料來源........................................28
3.3 研究工具........................................32
3.3.1 類神經網路之概念與定義........................32
3.3.2 類神經網路之運算架構..........................33
3.3.3 類神經網路之多層感知模型......................34
第四章 研究結果與分析...............................36
4.1 類神經網路多層感知模型(MLP)...................36
4.2 類神經網路之多層感知模型分析與敏感度分析........37
4.3 類神經網路連結(權重值)之影響性分析............40
第五章 結論與建議...................................49
5.1 研究發現........................................50
5.2 研究貢獻........................................53
5.3 研究建議........................................54
5.3.1 實務上的建議..................................54
5.3.2 未來研究建議..................................54
5.4 研究限制........................................55
參考文獻............................................56
附錄一..............................................66
Extended Abstract...................................91
Chapter 1 Introduction..............................92
Chapter 2 Research Design...........................92
Chapter 3 Results...................................93
Chapter 4 Conclusions...............................94
簡歷................................................96

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