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研究生:詹景翔
研究生(外文):Jing-Siang Jhan
論文名稱:電動式下肢復健輔具之研發
論文名稱(外文):Research and Development of the Electric Lower Limb Rehabilitation
指導教授:謝龍昌謝龍昌引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立虎尾科技大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:復健輔具髖關節膝關節CPM
外文關鍵詞:Rehabilitation deviceHip JointKnee jointCPM
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本研究主要目的為創新設計出新型的電動輔助式下肢復健機,藉此協助復健師為病患進行復健,可以使肌肉退化無法自主作動之病患更方便的恢復肌耐力。復健機是幫助無法自主生活能力者,利用外部力量的輔助進行復健訓練,以達到恢復肌耐力讓生活更加方便的復健器材。
首先針對目前下肢復健機相關專利進行分析與探討,歸類出各專利之優點,設計時迴避專利的侵權,同時搜尋相關專業知識,做為訂定設計需求與限制條件的依據。接著利用創新設計方法來尋找合適之機構,並利用運動分析方法來探討與設計滿足需求之機構。最後利用馬達驅動控制,達到電動式輔具之需求,並加入安全裝置,讓整體機構更為穩定及方便。

The purpose of this thesis is to invent a new design of electrically assisted rehabilitation device for lower limb. Under the help of this device, the patients can recover the function of muscles and live more convenient. The rehabilitation device can help the people who can not live independently to achieve the restoration muscular endurance and make life more convenient.

First, collect and analize the literature and patents of rehabilitation devices. After the analyzing the patents, their advantages and disadvantages are concluded. When design the new devices of electrically assisted rehabilitation device for lower limb, we must avoide the patent rights. The design requirements and design constraints of rehabilitation devices are identified for the invention of new design. Then, based on the methodology of creative design, new design concepts can synthesized. And, according to kinematic requirements, the dimensional synthesis of electrically assisted rehabilitation devices for lower limb are constructed completely. Finally, by adding the electric motor and its control system, the electrically assisted rehabilitation devices become more stable, convenient, and safe.

摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
符號說明 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.1.1 退化性關節炎[1] 1
1.1.2 常見關節受損族群 2
1.1.3 膝關節置換術[3] 3
1.2 研究動機與目的 4
1.3 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧與專利探討 6
2.1 膝關節結構與功能介紹 6
2.2 髖關節結構與功能介紹 9
2.3 下肢復健的使用狀態 13
2.3.1 適用的情況 13
2.3.2 不適用的情況 14
2.4 文獻探討 14
2.5 專利探討 16
第三章 創新設計 38
3.1 平面機構的自由度 40
3.2 奧斯本檢核表法.(Osborn Checklist Method) 41
3.3 [設計構想一] - 奧斯本檢核表之轉移 42
3.4 [設計構想二] - 奧斯本檢核表之改變 43
3.5 [設計構想三] - 奧斯本檢核表之替代 43
3.6 [設計構想四] - 奧斯本檢核表之結合 44
第四章 工程設計 45
4.1 功能需求與規格訂定: 45
4.2 尺寸合成 45
4.2.1 實體復健輔具機構尺寸合成-使用線性電動缸 45
4.2.2 實體復健輔具機構尺寸合成-使用滑塊電動缸 47
4.2.3 實體復健輔具機構尺寸合成-使用減速馬達 49
4.3 工程圖繪製 50
4.4 運動分析 60
4.5 雛型製作 62
第五章 結論與建議 63
參考文獻 64
Extended Abstract 66
簡歷 69

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