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研究生:李秉諺
研究生(外文):Li, Pingyen
論文名稱:測量多成份溶劑系統乙醇、二甲基亞颯、 1- 甲基-2比咯烷酮的密度與黏度之研究
論文名稱(外文):Densities and Viscosities of multi components mixture (Ethanol, Dimthylsulfoxide, 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone)
指導教授:王子奇王子奇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Tzuchi
口試委員:陳延平曾梨子
口試委員(外文):Chen, YanpingTang, Muoi
口試日期:2013-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程學系奈米材料碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:密度黏度乙醇二甲基亞颯1-甲基-2比咯烷酮
外文關鍵詞:DensityViscosityEthanolDimethylsulfoxide1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone
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在一般化學工業當中,像單元操作的設備如萃取塔、過濾器和填充吸收塔;在技術方面如合成反應、分離技術,在運轉輸送程序設計和操作的過程之中,許多物質的物理變化特性及流體現象,仍然需要參考密度與黏度去做詳細而精密的計算,這些文獻資料是不可或缺的要素。
本研究測量 (乙醇+二甲基亞颯)、(乙醇+1-甲基-2比咯烷酮)和(二甲基亞颯+1-甲基-2比咯烷酮)之三組二元系統,和(乙醇+二甲基亞颯+1-甲基-2比咯烷酮)的密度和黏度,在大氣壓力之下,四個溫度分別為293.15 K、298.15 K、303.15 K、308.15 K。密度測量使用振盪管密度計,黏度則使用落球式黏度計。
由實驗,我們可以計算出剩餘的摩爾體積密度和黏度偏差。使用經驗方程式Redlich-Kister多項式方程來估計過量的摩爾體積和黏度偏差。如果實驗值和預測值的偏差小,通過實驗計算值十分接近
二元系統的密度值約落在0.81 至1.1 之間,黏度值約從0.9 .至2.0 之間密度標準偏差皆小於2%。本實驗二元系統過剩莫爾體積(excess molar volume)均為負貢獻,在負貢獻度值約從0.05 至0.8 。三元系統的密度值約落在0.89 至1.04 之間,本實驗三元系統過剩莫爾體積(excess molar volume)為負貢獻。並將三元系統數據用Tsao-Smith、Jacob-Fitzner、Rastogi、Kohler、Radojkovic、Toop 、Colinet、Scatchard、Vm2+13、Pseudo-binary mixture approach(PBMA)經驗方程式來預測,其中又以Rastogi、Vm2+13及Pseudo-binary mixture approach(PBMA)方程式預測結果為最佳結果。

In the general chemical industry, the unit operation device such as extraction columns, filters and packed absorption towers; the technical area such as the synthesis reaction and separation technology, during the transports, program designs and the operations of the processes, many the characteristics of the material physical change and the phenomenon of fluid are still required to do a detailed and accurate calculation of the density and viscosity. These references are the essential elements.
This work measures (ethanol + dimethylsulfoxide ), (ethanol +1- methyl-2-pyrrolidinone) and (dimethylsulfoxide+1-methy-2-pyrrolidinone) the three binary system, and (ethanol + dimethylsulfoxide +1-methyl-2- pyrrolidinone) the density and viscosity of the ternary system, under the atmosphere pressure, there are four different temperatures 293.15 K、 298.15 K、 303.15 K、 308.15 K. Density measurement use the oscillating tube density meter to do the measurement, viscosity is measured by the falling ball viscosity.
By the experiment, we can calculate the surplus molar volume density and the viscosity deviation, using the Redlich-Kister polynomial equation to estimate the excess of the molar volume and viscosity deviation. If the deviations of the experiment values and predicted values are small, calculated by experiment value is very close.
The density value of the binary system is about 0.81 to 1.1 . The viscosity value is about from 0.9 to 2.0 . The standard density deviations are all less than 2 %. The binary system experiments of excess molar volume in this thesis are all negative contributions, the negative contribution values are approximately from 0.05 to 0.8 .And the density value of the ternary system is about between 0.89 to 1.04 . In this study, the ternary system of excess molar volume is negative contributions. Using the datas of ternary system by Tsao-Smith, Jacob-Fitzner, Rastogi, Kohler, Radojkovic, Toop, Colinet, Scatchard , Vm2+13 and Pseudo-binary mixture approach (PBMA) those empirical equations to predict the outcomes. And the equation outcomes of Rastogi, Vm2+13 and Pseudo-binary mixture approach (PBMA) are the best results.

致謝 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 IV
目錄 VI
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XI
第一 章緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究背景與目的 2
1.3章節組織 3
第二章 文獻回顧與理論概述 5
2.1相關文獻探討 5
2.1.1二元系統文獻 5
2.1.2三元系統文獻 6
2.2液體密度之原理 8
2.2.1密度測量儀器 9
2.3液體黏度之原理 12
2.3.1黏度測量儀器 13
第三章 實驗儀器與步驟 18
3.1實驗藥品 19
3.2實驗設備 22
3.2.1電子天平 22
3.2.2 密度儀器 23
3.2.3黏度儀器 25
3.3實驗步驟 28
3.3.1藥品配製 28
3.3.2密度測量步驟 30
3.3.3黏度測量步驟 32
第四章 結果與討論 34
4.1二元系統 34
4.1.1乙醇(1)+二甲基亞颯(2)密度與黏度 36
4.1.2乙醇(1)+1-甲基-2比咯烷酮(3)密度與黏度 46
4.1.2二甲基亞颯(2)+1-甲基-2比咯烷酮(3)密度與黏度 56
4.2三元系統 65
4.2.1三元系統過剩性質之回歸與討論 66
4.2.2乙醇(1)+二甲基亞颯(2)+1-甲基2-比咯烷酮(3)密度 69
第五章 結論 94
參考文獻 96

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