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研究生:徐元純
研究生(外文):Hsu, Yuanchun
論文名稱:是浪漫的憧憬?還是現實利益的考量?論“灰姑娘”和“傲慢與偏見”
論文名稱(外文):Romantic Expectation or Economic Gain? A Comparison of the Social Significance of the Ball in“Cinderella” and Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice
指導教授:海柏 教授
指導教授(外文):Haseltine, Patricia Louise
口試委員:白美崙魏伯特
口試委員(外文):Baker, MarilynReynolds, Robert
口試日期:2013-06-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:18世紀19世紀《灰姑娘》《傲慢與偏見》社交舞會查爾士‧貝洛珍‧奧斯丁
外文關鍵詞:“Cinderella”Pride and PrejudiceSocial BallCharles PerraultJane Austen
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此篇研究以著名童話故事《灰姑娘》和珍‧奧斯丁的小說《傲慢與偏見》來探討童話對文學作品的影響。選擇這兩篇文本為探討的原因在於這兩個故事都是以女性為主角、都是以女性的角度來創作的故事;此外她們的命運轉戾點都是「舞會」。在研究中以范伯倫的【有關階級論】中的“炫耀性消費”的觀點來分析、並應用這些故事來解釋的社會背景。在加以分析並檢視社會的想像力和現實兩個層面後,判斷這兩部作品時為試圖打破「舞會」所帶來的社會階級偏見及迷思,這也是為什麼女主人公雖然階級地位所提升,但依然是代表「好」的一方。
繼序後,第一章會先將對西方歐洲世界的社交做一個簡介,以資產社會和舞會的地位為重點;同時以范伯倫的【有關階級論】來說明在舞會浪漫華麗的表象下,實為身分階級的戰場。第二章節將會介紹《灰姑娘》和《傲慢與偏見》的背景細節觀看十八和十九世紀的社會背景加以檢視。
第三章節將會依次比較《灰姑娘》和《傲慢與偏見》的相似和區別依次討論,藉由布諾爾的論點來探討灰姑娘和伊莉莎白‧班奈特兩位女主角是如何經由舞會從弱勢的狀態茁壯起來,以及「舞會」對其他女性家族成員─母親和姊妹們的影響;接下來再探討「舞會」對父親和年輕男子的關係。在傳統觀念中的「男尊女卑」的定義下,故事中的男性____包含一家之長的「父親」在內卻顯得沉寂、甚至沒沒無聞的現象令人玩味。無疑數世紀以來,童話始終都擁有撫慰人心、並使人們心中懷抱著夢想的神奇力量,無怪一些世界知名文學作品如《傲慢與偏見》,會有幾分童話的影子;但與流傳數世紀、藉由舞會而改變一生的美麗的《灰姑娘》神話, 珍‧奧斯丁的《傲慢與偏見》則是以寫實手法表現出對舞會縱容的影響以及批評。不論是象徵意義或現實層面,「舞會」都是以女性的角度為主、表現出對打破社會階級的真愛的渴望。

This thesis compares the folktale of “Cinderella” and Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, treating the thematic impact of the folk tale on the literary work. The French version by Perrault is used to establish the grounds for comparison. The main reason for choosing these two stories is their penetrating treatment of women’s vision and the ways they show the desires of the bourgeoisie. The stories stand in women’s shoes, so to speak, and their destinies are changed forever after the social occasion of the Ball. Thorstein Veblen’s analysis of the leisure class and its “conspicuous consumption” is applied in the analysis to explain the social background of these stories. After examining both the imagination and the reality of the social phenomena, the paper determines that both works attempt to break the myths of social class prejudices represented by the Ball, so that the heroines can remain “good” characters and yet rise in status at the end.
Following the Introduction, Chapter One contains an introduction to the social history with a focus on the rise of the bourgeoisie and the importance of the ball as a social occasion associated not only with romance, but also with what Thorsten Veblen defined as “conspicuous consumption” of the leisure class. Then the details of the social background in the 18th and 19th centuries respectively for the story “Cinderella” and the novel Pride and Prejudice are examined in Chapter Two.
In Chapter Three, the thesis compares the differences and similarities found in the characters of Cinderella and Elizabeth Bennet by using Bernikow’s view to see why they are depicted as weak human beings who after the ball become more powerful socially. After the roles of the heroines are examined, the role of the Ball in their ‘mothers’ and the stepsisters’ or sisters’ lives is also examined. Then, the paper turns its attention to the fathers and the young men in the two stories. Usually, according to the social analysis of Veblen, men are the center of power in the family so it seems strange that in these two stories the father seems to become the silent one, or to totally disappear. How the ball changes Cinderella’s life has remained a beautiful myth for every woman for centuries, but using a realistic approach Jane Austen paradoxically both criticizes and condones the effect of the ball on its participants. Both symbolically and realistically, it is the women’s view of romance and love that breaks the social boundaries of class associated with the Ball

Chinese Abstract i
English Abstract iii
Acknowledgements v
Introduction 1
Chapter One: The Ball as Conspicuous Consumption 18
The role of the Ball in the real and imaginary in the 18th and 19th centuries 21
The Ball and Veblen’s Theory of Conspicuous Consumption:
A symbol of the Higher Class: Work v.s. Leisure 28
Chapter Two: Seeking True Love vs Conspicuous Consumption at the Ball 34
High class social details and fashion: The “Discovery” of Cinderella 37
Wealth and Marriage: The World in Pride and Prejudice 43
Chapter Three: The Main Human Issues of Cinderella in Pride and Prejudice 51
The Invitation: The Mothers and Siblings 53
To Become a Princess~ Cinderella 59
After a Storm Comes a Calm ~ Elizabeth Bennet 65
The Intentions of Other Characters at the Ball 72
The Consequences of the Ball for the Social Classes:
How the Couples Break Veblen’s Concepts 78
Chapter Four: The Symbolic vs the Realistic Mode of the Cinderella theme: A Comparison of the Way the Two Works Express the Concept of the Ball and Leisure 80
Conclusion 89
Works Cited 92

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