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研究生:吳懿珊
研究生(外文):Wu,Yi-Shan
論文名稱:現代婚姻樣態分析-從婚前經驗與華人性格探討婚姻溝通、婚姻承諾與婚姻品質間之關係
論文名稱(外文):Analysis of modern marriage state
指導教授:程淑華程淑華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng,Shu-Hua
口試委員:馬于雯石雅惠
口試委員(外文):Ma,Yu-WenShi,Ya-Hui
口試日期:2013-05-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學政治作戰學院
系所名稱:心理碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:206
中文關鍵詞:傳統性與現代性婚姻互動承諾婚姻滿意
外文關鍵詞:Traditionality & ModernityMarital interactionCommitmentMarital satisfaction
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在離婚率漸增的台灣社會,華人夫妻的婚姻觀已不同過去堅守「從一而終」的信念,溝通互動也不再強調「夫唱婦隨」。然而,「此情永不渝」、「忍讓克己,以和為貴」的傳統價值觀現今仍扮演著維繫婚姻關係的關鍵要角。因此研究者以華人心理特徵為基礎,探討現代婚姻樣態中婚姻溝通、婚姻承諾與婚姻品質之間的關係,並進一步檢視婚姻承諾是否在婚姻溝通及婚姻品質間具有調節效果。本研究之樣本為671位已婚男女,研究工具為多元個人傳統性與現代性量表、婚姻溝通量表、婚姻承諾量表與婚姻品質量表,採紙本及網路問卷進行施測。本研究分為研究一及研究二,研究結果發現:一、婚前同居經驗與性別在「無法回收的投資」具交互作用;二、奉子成婚經驗與性別在「男性優越」具交互作用;三、「雙方正向互動」程度越高,婚姻品質越好;四、婚姻承諾度越高,婚姻品質越好;五、「傳統低-現代高」者,較「傳統高-現代低」者較傾向於使用「雙方正向互動」溝通模式;六、「傳統高-現代低」者,其婚姻承諾度較「傳統低-現代高」者為高。七、婚姻承諾對「雙方正向互動」與婚姻品質間的關係具有調節效果。此外,本研究亦進一步分析各人口變項在心理特徵、婚姻溝通與婚姻承諾之差異,對婚前性行為、婚前同居及奉子成婚經驗做深入討論,說明本研究結果發現與研究限制,並針對未來研究方向提供些許建議。

關鍵詞:傳統性與現代性、婚姻互動、承諾、婚姻滿意
The divorce rate in modern Taiwanese society has been increasing. For Chinese couples, the value of marriage regarding adhering to the faith of “being loyal to one’s significant other in all his or her life” has been significantly different from the past . Moreover, the communication and interaction between the couple has no longer emphasized the concept of “domestic harmony”. However, traditional values such as “Nothing is gonna change my love for you” and “tolerance and acquiescence” now still play a crucial role in maintaining the marital relationships. Therefore, the research based on Chinese characteristics was to investigate the correlation among marital communication, marital commitment and the quality of marriage . In addition, it also examined whether commitment was a moderator affecting the relationships between the marital commuication and the qulity of marriage. 671 married people were sampled to collect data by using “Individual Psychological Traditionality & Modernity Scale”, “Commuication Patterns Questionnaire-Short Form”, “Measurement of Components of Commitment” and “Qulity of Marriage Scale”. Results showed that: 1. Cohabition and gender had interaction on “investment”; 2. The shotgun marriage and gender had interaction on “male dominance”; 3. The higher “overall positive interaction” between the couple was, the better the quality of marriage was. 4.The higher the marital commitment was , the better the quality of marriage was. 5. The people with “traditionality low and modernity high ” were more inclined to use “overall positive interaction” than the people with “traditionality high and modernity low”; 6. The people with “traditional high and modernity low” had higher commitment than the people with ”traditionality low and modernity high”; 7. Commitment has moderating effect on the the relationships between the marital commuication and quality of marriage. The research also studied the group differences among all variables such as Chinese characteristics, marital communication and marital commitment. Moreover, premarital sex, cohabition and shotgun marriage were also discussed. The suggestions were given for the future studies.

Keywords:Traditionality & Modernity, Marital interaction, Commitment, Marital satisfaction.
摘要 i
目錄 iii
表目錄 v
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 名詞釋義 5
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 婚前經驗與婚姻品質關係之分析 9
第二節 婚姻溝通與婚姻品質關係之分析 11
第三節 婚姻承諾與婚姻品質關係之分析 19
第四節 婚姻溝通、婚姻承諾與婚姻品質間之關係分析 27
第五節 華人性格對婚姻關係之影響 28
第三章 研究一 37
第一節 研究架構 37
第二節 研究問題 38
第三節 研究對象 38
第四節 研究工具 39
第五節 資料收集-網路施測 59
第六節 研究結果 65
第四章 研究二 107
第一節 研究架構 107
第二節 研究問題與假設 108
第三節 研究對象 108
第四節 研究工具 109
第五節 研究結果 111
第五章 綜合討論與建議 125
第一節 研究結果彙整 125
第二節 綜合討論 128
第三節 研究限制 132
第四節 未來研究方向與建議 134
參考文獻 137
附錄一:多元心理傳統性量表(2007成人版) 153
附錄二:多元心理現代性量表(2007成人版) 155
附錄三:婚姻品質量表 157
附錄四:專家效度問卷 158
附錄五:溝通與承諾量表之預試問卷 165
附錄六:預試樣本之基本資料 171
附錄七:正式施測問卷 175
附錄八:正式施測樣本之基本資料 189
附錄九:多元心理傳統性/現代性量表(2007成人版)使用同意書 192
附錄十:Communication Patterns Questionnaire-Short Form使用同意書 193
附錄十一:Measurement of Components of Commitment使用同意書 194
附錄十二:婚姻品質量表使用同意書 195
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