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研究生:阮鴻海
研究生(外文):Nguyen Hong Hai
論文名稱:The relationship of Economic Growth, Poverty Reduction, and Inequality. Case study in Vietnam
論文名稱(外文):The relationship of Economic Growth, Poverty Reduction, and Inequality. Case study in Vietnam
指導教授:林育理林育理引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Yu-Li
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南台科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam.Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam.Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam.
外文關鍵詞:Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam.Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam.Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam.
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In the progress of development of each country, it is concerned that how the economy grows strong and stable annually. However, along with the process of high economic growth rate, many problems of the emerging countries are facing which become more urgent, such as: poverty, the gap between richer and poorer, and inequality.... Those will entail consequences: the traditional values eroded over time, increasingly popular social evils ... and then cause troublesome in development. Therefore, the requirements of sustainable in development as set out requirements in poverty alleviation, social justice and progress.
In case of Vietnam, this study will analysis the results of economic growth in the period mainly from 2005 -2010 through economic indicators: GDP growth, labor productivity, total factor productivity; relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction; as well as social justice. And the result has been demonstrated that: Firstly, the total factor productivity change will affect directly to the increase or reduce GDP. Secondly, if the nation have a good policy then GDP increase will reduce ratio of poverty and inequality. But the rate of decline of inequality is always lower than the rate of decline of the percentage of poor households. Thereby, help policy makers and managers draw the achievements and weaknesses in order to make the appropriate policies in the future to achieve the goal of "sustainable development".
Key words: Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam
In the progress of development of each country, it is concerned that how the economy grows strong and stable annually. However, along with the process of high economic growth rate, many problems of the emerging countries are facing which become more urgent, such as: poverty, the gap between richer and poorer, and inequality.... Those will entail consequences: the traditional values eroded over time, increasingly popular social evils ... and then cause troublesome in development. Therefore, the requirements of sustainable in development as set out requirements in poverty alleviation, social justice and progress.
In case of Vietnam, this study will analysis the results of economic growth in the period mainly from 2005 -2010 through economic indicators: GDP growth, labor productivity, total factor productivity; relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction; as well as social justice. And the result has been demonstrated that: Firstly, the total factor productivity change will affect directly to the increase or reduce GDP. Secondly, if the nation have a good policy then GDP increase will reduce ratio of poverty and inequality. But the rate of decline of inequality is always lower than the rate of decline of the percentage of poor households. Thereby, help policy makers and managers draw the achievements and weaknesses in order to make the appropriate policies in the future to achieve the goal of "sustainable development".
Key words: Economic growth, poverty, inequality, poverty reduction, Vietnam
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ................................................................................................
ABSTRACT ..................................................................................................................... ii
ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................................................... viii
CHAPTER ONE ............................................................................................................. 1
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Background ........................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Purpose of study ..................................................................................................... 2
1.3 Content of Study ................................................................................................... 3
CHAPTER TWO ............................................................................................................ 4
LITERATURE REVIEW .............................................................................................. 4
2.2 Research backgournd ............................................................................................ 6
2.2.1 Growth economic .......................................................................................... 11
2.2.2 Development economic ................................................................................. 11
2.3 Definitions and standard approaches poverty ...................................................... 11
2.3.1 Method of determining the international standard poverty................................. 11
2.3.2 Vietnam recognizes common definition of poverty ..................................... 12
2.3.3 Method of determining the poverty standard of the program of national poverty reduction ..................................................................................................... 12
CHAPTER THREE ...................................................................................................... 14
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ECONOMIC ................................................... 14
GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION .............................................................. 14
3.1 The method of distribution .................................................................................. 14
3.1.1 Income distribution by function ................................................................... 14
3.1.2 Redistribute income ...................................................................................... 14
3.2 The Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient ............................................................... 15
3.2.1 The Lorenz curve .......................................................................................... 15
3.2.2 Gini coefficient ............................................................................................. 15
3.3 The relationship between economic growth, poverty and income inequality ............ 16
3.3.1 The relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction ................... 16
3.3.2 Inequality and poverty in economic growth ................................................. 19
iv
3.4 Content and methodology of some statistical indicators of statistic office of Vietnam government ................................................................................................... 19
3.4.1 Gross domestic product ................................................................................. 19
3.4.2 GDP per capita .............................................................................................. 20
3.4.3 GDP at foreign currency ................................................................................ 20
3.4.4 Final consumption ......................................................................................... 20
3.4.5 Human development index ............................................................................ 21
3.4.6 Purchasing Power Parity Rate (PPP Rate) .................................................... 22
3.4.7 Labour force .................................................................................................. 22
3.4.8 Productivity of employed population(POE) ................................................. 23
CHAPTER FOUR ......................................................................................................... 24
SITUATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION .................................................................................. 24
4.1 Actual quality of economic growth in Vietnam .................................................. 24
4.1.1 Growth proccessing ...................................................................................... 24
4.1.2 Input growth ................................................................................................. 30
4.1.3 Out-put growth ............................................................................................ 37
4.2 Poverty real in Vietnam in recent years .............................................................. 41
4.2.1 The poverty rate in Vietnam has decreased rapidly, the urban decreased rapidly than in rural areas ...................................................................................................... 41
4.2.2 The divide between rich and poor between Rural-Urban, between economic regions ..................................................................................................................... 42
4.2.3 Inequalities between population groups ..................................................... 43
4.2.4 The rate of poor households in communes with special difficulties to over 16% .......................................................................................................................... 47
4.3 Situation of the relationship between economic growth, poverty reduction, and inequality ..................................................................................................................... 48
4.3.1 Income distribution at over time in Vietnam ............................................... 48
4.3.2 The achievements of the link between growth and poverty reduction ......... 49
4.3.3 The challenges to be solved ......................................................................... 54
CHAPTER FIVE .......................................................................................................... 55
ORIENTATIONS, SOLUTIONS AND CONCLUSION .......................................... 55
5.1 Orientation to the relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction 55
v
5.2 Orientation distribution of income in Vietnam ................................................... 56
5.3 Orientation of economic growth and combination poverty reduction .................. 57
5.4 Targets and solutions for sustainable growth combined effective poverty reduction in Vietnam ................................................................................................... 58
5.4.1 Target in 2015 in the national poverty reduction strategy ............................ 58
5.4.2 Solutions for sustainable growth combined effective poverty reduction in Vietnam ................................................................................................................... 63
CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 71
REFERENCE ................................................................................................................ 73
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Vietnam Productivity Centre, “Productivity reports Vietnam 2010” (December 2011).
The indicators of Vietnam in website of the Trading Econonic Organization. http://www.tradingeconomics.com/vietnam/(accessed 10 September 2012).
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