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論文名稱(外文):Relationship between Anxiety and Achievement in English Learning for Senior and Vocational High School Students
外文關鍵詞:Foreign Language LearningForeign Language AnxietyForeign Language Reading AnxietyForeign Language Achievement
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The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between anxiety on achievement in English learning among senior and vocational high school students. The level of anxiety was quantitatively rated by Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) as well as Foreign Language Reading Anxiety Scale (FLRAS) through self-assessment questionnaires. The study revealed that a great deal of senior and vocational high school students were at risk of having debilitating effects of language anxiety. Lack of confidence in self’s English competence and communication apprehension in speaking English with native speakers were identified as the two primary sources of language anxiety in the present study. In addition, the vocational students were less competent in English reading and got more anxious whenever they encountered reading difficulties. Although the vocational students appeared to experience higher degrees of English anxiety, the difference between the two disciplines was not statistically significant. In general, students with higher foreign language reading anxiety tended to have higher foreign language classroom anxiety and vice versa. Using final English course grades as the achievement measure, a moderately negative relationship between anxiety and achievement in English learning was obtained. Such a correlation was independent of students’ discipline. The study also suggested that general English anxiety affected the participants’ achievement in the same way as did English reading anxiety.
Chinese Abstract i
English Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Tables v
List of Figures vi
List of Appendices vii
Chapter One Introduction 1
Background and Motivation 1
Purpose of the Study 4
Research Questions 5
Definition of Terms 6
Outline of the Study 9
Chapter Two Literature Review 11
Fundamentals of Anxiety 12
Foreign Language Anxiety 17
Evolution of Foreign Language Anxiety 18
Conceptualization of Foreign Language Anxiety 23
Sources of Foreign Language Anxiety 29
Effects of Anxiety on Foreign Language Achievement 34
English Proficiency and Examinees’ Highest Education Level in Taiwan 40
Chapter Three Method 42
Research Design 42
Participants 43
Instruments 44
Data Collection 48
Data Analysis 49
Chapter Four Result and Discussion 52
Background Information about Participants’ English Learning 52
Reliability of the Anxiety Measures 56
Descriptive Analysis of Foreign Language Anxiety 58
Responses of the Foreign Language Anxiety Scales 62
The Relationship between Anxiety and Achievement 70
Significance of English Learning Experience 75
Summary of Findings of the Present Study 76
Chapter Five Conclusion and Suggestion 80
Conclusion 80
Suggestion 82
References 84
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